People write sob stories about there lifes. And I am all about the postivity sides unless u provoke me. I don't need to lie about anything. I told the truth. Yet get criticized for being honest and real. You can say that crtics are tough but it takes tough skin to stay at the top or they only eat you alive if ur weak all the time. So what I got to say when i physically ask something a question about something that litterally happened but if it was someone else like harleyk or mrs fake Dracula wife journal entries u write oh poor u or oh i love u. But honestly u don't i give u time for when u start to dislike them then ur point of views of that person changes. And you want too know why I don't take no shit from no one i have mouth. I use it. I know how to write i choose to write like i do. Your expectations of someone else is higher than your level of self confidence and self worth. You need favoritism with friends to feel not alone. But being alone you find clarity and one's self. Seriously doubt that you comprehend what i just said. Odds are you will write negative comments and negative honor and humiliating yourself in the long run and losing real friendships in the process. Too bad you couldn't tell who is real yet whos fake on vr. Too bad majority blind as bats in dark night in a cave. Hopefully you find out reality and quickly as possible.
You keep me out of this. What I went through and am still going through is real.
Oh poor you cry me a river.
U r so freaking delusional even dracs dad said u r
Bitch I ain't fake keep my name out of ur fucked up mouth peace bitch
Im not desulusional i don't lie an i don't cry about being blog every one has critic you just met your match.
Ok bring it u delusional bitch
I am done dealing with you, Iris. You bully everyone on here to thinking you are perfect, in which youaren't, and you make a lot of people feel like shit because of what you say
You don't understand you can't say those things to someone Iris18 never said anything bad about anyone just making her opinion
I turn into teddy bears from teddy bears to actually alive that actually eyes move from teddy bear eyes to actual eyes. This is the second teddy bear. The first teddy bear happened in front of everyone everyone in my family friends ex boyfriend boyfriend show me turn a teddy bear's eyes moving my whole family watched it and I called my mom and I told my mom that I just turned a teddy bear alive to just tonight 30 minutes ago and she laughs and says I believe you because she knows I turned it one before and then only that then my heart stopped and started beating on its own and then when it stops I was still talking when I should have been dead like I wasn't dead I was alive with no pulse and now I have pulse rate so means im not normal i must really carry salem of witch genes., since no one can tell me how or why i can do this obviously salem witch can
All lies it's coming from Christmas movies that come out in Nov
Are no lies at all it did happen I don't even know why you're commenting
She not lie to you i seen it when i hang out with her and see it with my own eyes. I love her and cared about her and she wouldn't lie about it. This is Charleston
I still do care about here and always will and know she never lied about that at all . one thing I know she would never lie about something that happens to her plus I know cause she always tell me about it first since I know her really well
What does it mean if you can turn a bear physically alive by looking into its eyes or touching it multiple times.? And having your heart rate pulse stop beating for a minute or two and have someone restart while your heart stops beating and then restart automatically your heart begins to beat again.? What does this mean? Any answers?
Why are you asking these odd things?
Because I just turned a teddy bear alive second time in a row. In my heart stops beating and I'm still alive and then it restarts again on its own and I'm still fine. So any normal person does not turn teddy bears a lot twice in a row and any other normal person when the heart stops beating for 5 or 3 minutes they're dead and they don't start talking and playing around with her best friend and five minutes later they're her Tree starts all over again beat
Needless to say I can turn a teddy bear alive and I've done it twice already for two years in a row. And my heart stops beating for nearly 5 minutes and I'm still talking and yada yada yada and playing around like I'm alive then 5 minutes later my heart starts beating all over again and like I have a heart rate and pulse and how do I know this because I took my heart rate for the fun of it and found out I didn't have a pulse for 5 minutes or heart rate and then when I went home I looked at a teddy bear and it came alive for the second time in a row
If this is true then film it. Sounds like you watched Ted one to many times lol
I'm not talking about Ted the movie I'm talking about for real for real. I've had Witnesses I've had family ex-boyfriend other people watch me turn it teddy bear a lot the first time and then the second time tonight and I don't even know what the full moon is it a full moon.? But I saw the teddy bear eyes come to life and it look right at me and everything and not only that my heart does stop beating and I'm still going to talk to you and then 5 minutes later my heart starts beating all over again so this is not the first time I turn a teddy bear a lot or that my heart stopped beating restarted on its own or that the fact that I'm still talking to you even though my heart stop. Any other normal person to be freaking the F out. It's not because I watch Ted movie this is reality this is what actually happened
Then set up a video camera , or your cell phone in your room and film it happening.
I've done it twice in my lifetime I did it last year around this time and I paid this year around this time I guess it happens once a year or as long as I hold a teddy bear and stare into its eyeballs
.. I think you may be having an episode Iris. I'm not trying to judge you but that sounds well.. a little unbelievable.
I have seen red like 5 time and Christmas movies about teddy bears coming 2 life
The damn teddy bear came alive okay I wouldn't lie about it it did happen do you want a witness right beside me to tell you what happened
Iris..I'm sorry but that sounds like complete bullshit. I'm sure you truly believe it happened- but no one else is going to. Not without proof.
The funny thing is I do have proof. And I don't need a witchcraft book. And I have witnesses you want to speak to them because they were there and they're standing right here
No one is going to believe without video or photographic evidence.
I have evidence multiple witness of people
Then show us.
We believe in Jesus Christ and Santa Claus, why do we need proof about Iris' Teddy bear
Whether you believe it or not, why are we arguing about it?
If she believes it then it is true.
I only have one question for her.
Thank you lady BX thank you Nicholas thank you Shadow King thank you the Celtic vampire and thank you but I love thing forgot your name. I'm thank you fayor. You all are my real friends PS I'm well.
Has anyone ever read a Charles Dickinson book.? Because I recently bought a Charles Dickinson book Christmas Carol with possibly two other books in it. It's even leather bound.
Good book, many movies have been based on the book, but the book is better. Start reading it around the second week of December, great Christmas story.
I hope you also bought, "Tale of Two Cities"
Charles Dickinson eh? Lol
Honestly I haven't started the book yet but I plan to I'm supposably related to Hemingway and he's an author and Charles addicted to the somewhere on that list as well
I think she meant Dickens
You do realize that since Adam and Eve were the first two humans, we are all related to each other
Says the vampire. Charles Dickinson books are in this is a Christmas carol. The Chimes. The Cricket on hearth. The Battle of life. And the haunted man and the ghosts bargain period or all the books and A Christmas Carol and other holiday Treasures by Charles Dickinson. And it's totally leather bound. I only paid $0.55 for this book and it's worth more than that it's like brand new
I like reading his work was a great writer in his own time.
Hopefully I don't get bored reading his material
How could you get bored reading Charles Dickens?
Sometimes books have a dull boreing moment in the center of the book then as you read further u read it goes from boreing too interesting thats a best seller point of view. But some books start of boreing were u force yourself to read it and it starts to get very good. So i forceing myself to read this book.
Will casual sex from 1980 movie was pretty good actually. You get a lot of information from it. And a lot of history flashbacks from 1980. I can say if you're female I advise you to buy a copy and or rent it and enjoy it. And I give it 5 stars.
Watching a movie called casual sex dating in 1980 era. I'll be blogging about it afterwards. Flashback to the 80s.
Immature behavior is for the low selfers obviously you have to copy cat me cause your not that imganeable all on your own. You have to find other resources cause you can't find your own. You talk shit n trash all day long but you still don't wear the 👑 crown you still don't bring me down. You're coward as well as you once were when you were here you can't fight your own battle you cry for help. You want sympathy and I show no mercy for stupidity. You're not welcome here so don't come back acting like u belong cause u never did. Obviously you will find out what life all about. But you wont be here an that very clear.
Damn I nearly have 20 thousand views and it's not even April yet! That is so freaking awesome and I'm leaving leveling up quicker and I'm getting more views and more great ratings as I've been here ain't that great! I love the positivity of vampire Rave.
You want a cookie, Iris?
Why is it that you mimic and copy baby girl 94 and baby girl 94 copies me because she can't come up with any ideas on a her own.?
What do you mean by that? I sure as hell dont copy you and sure as hell dont copy other people
Iris, Lustful Dusk tells you to back the hell off of me
Your on my profile now you're copy kat u repated Same thing babygirl94 says but the same words come out of your own mouth makes u a copy cat. And babygirl94 the same.
Your very immature human being. I would advise you to find another corner to trash talk in. And copy cat someone else somewhere else good theres the 🚪 get gone.
LustfulDusk can go and impale herself on a pointy stick
LustfulDusk is extremely soft and pansy and i can smell her fear,sweat and nervousness and doesn't have the guts or spine to hit me in the mortal world
You all are individual beings and should be individualistic. Accusing each other of being copycats is going to get you nowhere. The truth is when you both right about how much you want your own supernatural boyfriends it's going to be similar. If you all want a little piece of advice. If there was a vampire looking for a girlfriend on here he definitely is going to avoid the ones who write such things on their profile. Hes going to want someone unique, someone who keeps her cards close to her chest. Try to write in your profile things that you love, hobbies, interests etc. Just a piece of advice.
Thanks for the advice lady BX. But I think we got it covered.
If you say so
I do accpet advise from you cause we are real friends.
So why we're related app told me today that Janis Joplin is my nice cousin. And I don't know if she sings pop or rock music. And it says the 14th u.s. president is also a cousin. So far I've got more singers and actors and presidents relations so far. I guess I got an update upload all the information on my profile.😉
I finally complish something successfully and I'm so happy with myself that I finally did it. Positivity Outlook is so cool. And if you're reading this you probably wonder what I accomplished. And why I'm so happy.
I've seen a lot of people make a lot of Frenemies. But you can't brainwash the willing. And you won't brainwash me so good luck. Maybe you can play with someone else's mind but you won't be playing with mine.
People are so immature on this site. They called you something but you look at your messages and find out that you never called them that. If you want to be on The Blacklist I'll make sure that we have no contact for the rest of your life I'll put you there myself on that Blacklist when no contact with me whatsoever and if you want to be on that black your name below.
You know that blacklist is for those i wont be talking to
I’m joking!! I actually have a new found respect for Iris. At least she’s real and doesn’t pretend to be someone she’s not.
Is that good thing or bad thing blue sand. I'm trying to figure out who wants to be on my block list so I eliminate the drama down to about 10 from about a hundred. So I know who is my friend and who doesn't want me to talk to them so I don't talk to them so just no conflict of interest so I don't have to hear I hate you go kill yourself.
Have you ever known someone to be so naive and so desperate for a man that she steals your own man. I hate to say it but we all know who she is. She post this is about family problems and her journal and about going to college and how her parents think she's not able to go to college on her own or have a job wake up honey you just get a dose of reality. If you're worried about my post every 5 minutes you won't have a job for 2 minutes. And your family is making you pay rent because you're an adult now. And all this lie if you haven't realized you're not a kid anymore. And secondly your parents are going to start treating you like an adult and they're going to upload your responsibilities and give you more shit to do. You think talking smack and gossip all day long and bullshiting with people on vampire rave is going to get you friends and backstabbing the only friend that you really do have will make you lose all your other friend. And you might as well thank your lucky stars that the only one you got is my ex and the funny thing about it is you have my sloppy seconds. Cuz you couldn't find no one else no one else wanted you and that's the reality of the truth it might seem harsh but I'm being really blunt with you. And if no one else going to tell you that I pretty sure will. Your man is just waiting for me 2 change myself completely and then he'll come running right back where he left off at. The only reason he's mad right now is because he's mad at himself but he won't tell you that because he's going to say I love you. Even though deep down inside you really don't love you at all. And then when all hell breaks loose and everyone talked s*** about you behind your back on vampire red and you lose all your friends and all your respect I won't be here for you and I will protect you and I will look out for you you say I'm a hypocrite I'm not because I had your back until you disrespected me and stabbed me in the back. And I'm sure lustful desk would agree for me not to add you back on my page or my clan. And she even told me not to add you back and I even thought about being nice to you but they all odds are you want to be a little b**** a little kid the whole day 7 days a week and complain or whine about everything that's going on in your life how no one wants you but the only wolf got is my ex. And if it wasn't for me you little b**** you wouldn't have a boyfriend to call your own and you would have never stole my boyfriend and you would have never stabbed me in the back and my ex boyfriend would have been a hypocrite right now hiding himself cuz he's only hurting himself but you can understand why your family wants to put you on College locally so they can visualize everything you do and see if you're capable of handling real life on your own. That's why they want you and local College that's why they're asking you to pay $200 rent every month and if not if you don't pay it I'll throw you out it's a test run you're no longer a kid. And trust me I'm not an idiot I'm way more smarter than you think I am but have a nice day go talk to more b******* with someone else.0000
...that is so low, Iris...you dont know anything about me..maybe because I have been through some terrible shit in my life, that yes, I actually have no one to love me. And yes, you were very sweet and very nice to me when I first got on here, and I loved that about you. Then the drama started. So yes, I am sorry if I am such a fucking lowlife to you, and I am glad you made me feel like shit. If that was your goal, then you fully succeeded. If you want me to stop posting, I will, just to make you happy. So, in full, thank you
You don't know a real friend if it bit you in the ass
It's not low it's reality you stole someone's man all because you're going to find your own. And because I wasn't texting him every 5 minutes he thought I wasn't interested when I was when I was too busy working and cleaning and doing other s*** at reality s*** but other than that you took it upon yourself to make a move with someone else is mad and then you want to say you're sorry and call me a hypocrite and a liar and a cheater and a low blow na honey you took it upon yourself to make the dumbest move you can make. Yes lustful dust asked me not to add you back even though we talked about it.
And I'm the nicest realest person ever but you crossed the line when you become someone's friend and you stabbed in the back
Iris, he was trying to talk to you and trying to have a real connection with you. But you never cared, and he came to me as a friend. You are right. I dont know what friends are and what relationships are. I lost one of my best friends to guys that killed her and she was brutally murdered by them. All my friendships fell apart after high school. Whit the rent part, I dont mind paying rent. It is to help my parents out in times of need. Yes, I work more than 80 hours every two weeks. And no, I am not a boyfriend stealer. He came to me as a friend
He came to you as a friend but he was my boyfriend and you knew that. But you intended to still have a relation contact of Interest with someone else's boyfriend that usually supposed to be best friends with what's just called backstabbing sabotage her boyfriend Steeler the only way you can make s*** right is on your own until then I don't know if I can ever even trust you
Well, you may have won Iris. You may actually make myself delete my account. Would that make you happy?
Whatever you floats your boat chick if you were really my friend you would have been my friend but you aren't my friend the only thing you wanted was my man and that's pretty clear because you turn my boyfriend against me and have him run into you having secret, but one day booze even though I never slept with anyone else while I was with him and even though I was working and cleaning and doing what I needed to do outside of vampire rave you had your chance and now I'm done talking to you
I trust you and then you stab me in the back. You moved on and I let you be. But you must have not moved on so easily cause you still think of me. And thats 👌. I am not hypocrite nor am I fake or am I not real. I couldn't text you because I was busy doing a million things at one time. And I didn't tell you about the other vampire because it be conflict of interest between you and a werewolf. So I left it out. Or fresh new start. But when I met this girl who wanted to find a boyfriend and asked me to help her and she couldn't find no one else she looked right at my boyfriend and went at it and you want to know what she's on my block list. So you listen to rumors and gossip he said she said. As long as you known me and all these months you've known me how can you call me a hypocrite and a liar and me not being real you're just mad that you left me.
Iris, shut up
Do you really think I stole him from you? No. I didn't. He came to me because he was not feeling like he was being loved or cared for by you. And I was there for him, there when no one else, i.e. you, was there. He had my trust and I gave his, so stop making this seem like you are the victim
You told on your self all on your own and no one had to do or say anything. Obviously you're not my friend anymore just user and back stabber and a lier. Couldn't find no one else on vr to be with at all. So you stole someone elses. And its not my problem if you want to fight me. But we both know who will lose in the and and it's not like you got a bag full of friends to back you up when shit gets ugly. The way I see it is you couldn't find no one on vampire Rave you had asked me to help you find a man but you couldn't find nobody and no guy was willing to date you. So you had the audacity in the guts to go behind my back and talk to my man and claiming to be my friend. Which most of women who have friends or females we don't sociate ourselves with people like you because you're just stuck in a me a backstabbing friend to only gain access to some friends through me and if it wasn't for me you wouldn't have a man right now so have fun with my seconds.
Iris, you weren't paying attention to him or helping him. He trusts me and I trust him
Did you see his post? His journal?
Let's just face the fact that his journal post will eventually change in the near future. And besides that you're still immature cuz you're still talking about my ex boyfriend who still talks to me. It is still waiting for me to change it to take me back and see if he still misses me. And what you should be worried on its getting you a job and paying $200 rent before your family thinks you're not good enough to move nowhere else or have any friends. You talk a lot of s*** about your personal business on the internet.
So today was eventful evening and least to say they didn't like the ending. Most of the vr members read journals too find out what someone about be fore befriending them. Honesty most of them will talk to you and then talk shit behind your back and if there real as they claim to be then you have an idea what to say what to do. I seen people come and go no one actually means what they say unless its written in stone unless they really mean it. Chances of finding someone real on here one a million just saying.
So, very true nicely spoken.
Thanks i hopefully see you in my inbox
Are you kidding me with that post you're as far away from real as your post is true you're a true hypocrite you talk about how you're loyal and you're okay to be around and you want someone that wants to treat you fair and right but here I was doing exactly that and you didn't even spend time with me and then you expect me to miss you how am I supposed to miss someone that never even talk to me when I was with you and then you didn't even tell me you had someone else's baby who is a vampire that's like a spit in the face to a werewolf and a wolf so before you start spelling out nonsense of someone is real look in the mirror look at who's behind it and probably whatever is showing behind that mirror is more real than you are and that's my honest truth on that
You honestly think that I once was with a vampire that im still with him and I am not 😡
You told me different. Told me you were pregnant with Drac's baby, told me you wanted Drac even though he clearly has a wife, which is Mrs. Impaler
Dracula 707 is not even married to Baby Girl 94 baby girl lives in Texas. And Dracula is somewhere in Romania or United States. They live two different miles away. And I did a Dracula I'm not pregnant and second of all you took something that didn't belong to you and then you want to sit here and placement senescent you want to act like you're my friend and thank you for your the victim when I actually you just backstabbed only friend you actually had
I dreamt that a good looking guy who meet a woman who wore dresses made of high dollar material and would always throw parties and clean up after ended up meeting this tall brown haired Blue eyes gorgeous guy as things progress in the dream he helped her clean up the dining room of the party tables and when that was finished he kissed her and ended up sleeping with her and falling for her and told her that he was a vampire she slept in separate quarters from this man later on through the 🌃 dream she buys a pregnancy test and it turns to be positive. She throws it in the trash and the next day there's another party she sees him but doesn't tell him that vampire got her pregnant till mother takes her trash from her bedroom sees the pregnancy box and picks up the postive test results. She calls her husband tells him his daughter pregnant by whom they don't know. He finds out who that guy got her pregnant threats him if he doesn't take responsibility and marry his only pregnant daughter so he agrees to marry her under the father blessing excpet the mother doesn't find out till she sees a outside wedding being performed across from her outside party by then her guests are watching her daughter marry a vampire while her daddy watching it complete. His wife is mad as hell at her husband and walks off. Is this past life or the future i was in the dream a long time?
Since you asked I will tell you my honest thoughts. No it is not from a past life. No it is not from future. It is from your fixation of vampires and having read Twitlight way too many times. Also, from your detachment with reality.
Twilight was good book but that was the dream
What deattchment from resality are you talking about
Tooooo much twilight and I highly doubt that dream won't never come true btw
But I woke up with vampire waiting for my reply back i guess vampires can transmission a message into dreams.
Capt. John Johnson
Born about 1590 in Ware, Co. Hertfordshire, Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
Husband of Mary (Heath) Johnson — married 21 Sep 1613 (to 14 May 1629) in St.Mary The Virgin Church, Ware, Hertfordshire,Engmap
Husband of Margaret Marjorie (Unknown) Johnson — married before 1633 (to Jun 1655) in Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Husband of Grace (Negus) Johnson — married before 14 Oct 1656 in Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusettsmap [uncertain]
Father of Mary (Johnson) Kingsley, Isaac Johnson, John Johnson, Elizabeth (Johnson) Pepper, Humphrey Johnson, Joseph Johnson, Susan Johnson, Sarah (Johnson) Bartram, Joseph Johnson and Hannah Johnson
Geboren op 1588 te Herne Hill (Canterbury) England.
Overleden op 30 september 1659 te Roxbury (Mass) USA.
Voorouders (en nakomelingen) van Hannah Throckmorton
Kwartierstaat Kwartierstaat Kwartierstaat
Thomas Of Tortworth Throckmorton
1528-1607 Elizabeth Berkeley
1554-1581 Thomas Sheriff Of Gloucester Baynham
1536-1611 Mary Winter
Sir William 1st Baronet Throckmorton
John Of Pinchbeck & Ayscoughfee Hall Johnson
1588-1659 John Johnson
Toon totale kwartierstaat
Gezin van Hannah Throckmorton
Zij is getrouwd met John Of Pinchbeck & Ayscoughfee Hall Johnson in het jaar 1586 te Wilmington, Dartford, Kent, England, zij was toen 16 jaar oud.
1.John Johnson 1588-1659
2.John Johnson 1590-1636 Tree
john Johnson born in 1588-1659 is my grandfather by blood and is my mother grandfather as well. and Hannah my grandmother as well as my mothers.
Died about 29 Sep 1659 in Roxbury, Suffolk, Massachusettsmap. Voorouders (en nakomelingen) van John Johnson
1518-1616 Elizabeth Thorgood
1520-1574 Sir William 1st Baronet Throckmorton
1579-1628 Cecilia Baynham
John Of Pinchbeck & Ayscoughfee Hall Johnson
now his degrees from a queen of England. Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is 15 Degrees from John Johnson
(her father) →
(his brother) →
(his wife) →
(her brother) →
(his wife) →
(her mother) →
(her mother) →
(her mother) →
(her mother) →
(her sister) →
(her husband) →
(his sister) →
(her husband) →
(his father) →
Note: Capt. John Johnson came to America with the Winthrop Fleet and landed at Salem, Massachusetts on June 22, 1630. He was made a Freeman on May 18, 1631 in Boston and was chosen to be Constable of Roxbury, October 19, 1630 and again in July of 1632. He and Robert Cole were the representatives of Roxbury in the parliament in 1632. He was elected Deputy from Roxbury in the first General Court in 1634 and so served for fifteen years. He joined the Military Company of Massachusetts (the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts) in 1638, the year it was organized, and was the first Clerk, serving until his death in 1659. He is referred to as Captain Johnson, but was never a Captain of the Company. In about 1638, he was appointed " Surveyor General of the Arms." A great tragedy to the Johnson family as well as the town of Roxbury, occurred when John Johnson's house, with a substantial supply of the colony's gunpowder therein, caught fire and burned in Mar of 1645. "John Johnson, the surveyor general of ammunition, a very industrious and faithful man in his place, having built a fair house in the midst of the town, with diverse barns and other outhouses, it fell on fire in the daytime, no man knowing by what occasion, and there being in it seventeen barrels of the country's powder and many arms, all was suddenly burnt and blown up, to the value of four or five hundred pounds, wherein a special providence of God appeared, for he, being from home, the people came together to help and many were in the house, no man thinking of the powder till one of the company put them in mind of it, whereupon they all withdrew, and soon after the powder took fire and blew up all about it, and shook the houses in Boston and Cambridge, so as men thought it had been an earthquake."  . that's the end for my grand father John Johnson in Salem Massachusetts.
Thomas Of Tortworth Throckmorton
1528-1607 Elizabeth Berkeley
1554-1581 Thomas Sheriff Of Gloucester Baynham
1536-1611 Mary Winter
Sir William 1st Baronet Throckmorton
John Of Pinchbeck & Ayscoughfee Hall Johnson
1588-1659 John Johnson
Just so u k ow ancestry.com is better whatever u r using is a piece of crap just sayin girl
actually its all from ancestry and all the other stuff is my own research. I am related too three royal houses and two kingdoms which are Sweden and England all by blood and family tree pedigrees and tree work.
House of Rohan.The House of Rohan (Breton: Roc'han) is a Breton family of viscounts, later dukes and princes in the French nobility, coming from the locality of Rohan in Brittany. Their line descends from the viscounts of Porhoët and is said to trace back to the legendary Conan Meriadoc. Through the Porhoët, the Rohan are related to the Dukes of Brittany, with whom the family intermingled again after its inception. They developed ties with the French and English royal houses as well, and played an important role in French and European history.
The Bretons (Breton: Bretoned, Breton pronunciation: [breˈtɔ̃nɛt]) are a Celtic ethnic group located in the region of Brittany in France. They trace much of their heritage to groups of Brittonic speakers who emigrated from southwestern Great Britain, particularly Cornwall and Devon, mostly during the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain. They migrated in waves from the 3rd to 9th century (most heavily from 450 to 600) into Armorica, which was subsequently named Brittany after them.
The main traditional language of Brittany is Breton (Brezhoneg), spoken in Lower Brittany (i.e. the western part of the peninsula). Breton is spoken by around 206,000 people as of 2013. The other principal minority language of Brittany is Gallo; Gallo is spoken only in Upper Brittany, where Breton is less dominant. As one of the Brittonic languages, Breton is related closely to Cornish and more distantly to Welsh, while the Gallo language is one of the Romance langues d'oïl. Currently, most Bretons' native language is standard French.
Brittany and its people are counted as one of the six Celtic nations. Ethnically, along with the Cornish and Welsh, the Bretons are Celtic Britons. The actual number of ethnic Bretons in Brittany and France as a whole is difficult to assess as the government of France does not collect statistics on ethnicity. The population of Brittany, based on a January 2007 estimate, was 4,365,500. It is said that, in 1914, over 1 million people spoke Breton west of the boundary between Breton and Gallo-speaking regions – roughly 90% of the population of the western half of Brittany. In 1945, it was about 75%, and today, in all of Brittany, the most optimistic estimate would be that 20% of Bretons can speak Breton. Brittany has a population of roughly four million, including the department of Loire-Atlantique, which the Vichy government separated from historical Brittany in 1941. 75% of the estimated 200,000 to 250,000 Breton speakers using Breton as an everyday language today are over the age of 65. Bretons.
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Conan Meriadoc (/ˈkoʊnən/) is a legendary British leader credited with founding Brittany. Versions of his story circulated in both Brittany and Great Britain from at least the early 12th century, and supplanted earlier legends of Brittany's foundation. His story is known in two major versions, which appear in the Welsh text known as The Dream of Macsen Wledig, and in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae. Both texts associate him with Magnus Maximus (Macsen Wledic), a Roman usurper of the Valentinian dynasty who was widely regarded as having deprived Britain of its defences when he took its legions to claim the imperial throne. Conan's cousin or sister, Saint Elen, is said to have been Macsen Wledic's wife.
A strong historical emigration has created a Breton diaspora within the French borders and in the overseas departments and territories of France; it is mainly established in the Paris area, where more than one million people claim Breton heritage. Many Breton families have also emigrated to the Americas, predominantly to Canada (mostly Quebec and Atlantic Canada) and the United States. People from the region of Brittany were among the first European settlers to permanently settle the French West Indies, i.e. Dominica, Guadeloupe and Martinique, where remnants of their culture can still be seen to this day. The only places outside Brittany that still retain significant Breton customs are in Île-de-France (mainly Le Quartier du Montparnasse in Paris), Le Havre and in Îles des Saintes, where a group of Breton families settled in the mid-17th century.
The earliest undisputed evidence connecting Conan to the foundation of Brittany appears in the Life of Saint Gurthiern, included in the Kemperle Cartulary compiled between 1118 and 1127. This text traces the descent of Gurthiern back to the ancestor figure Beli Mawr, given as a son of Outham Senis (Outham the Old), the figure known in later sources as Eudaf Hen and Octavius. Outham is given another son, Kenan (an Old Welsh spelling of Conan), who is said to have been the founder of Brittany. This reference shows that the Conan story was known in Brittany from a comparatively early date, but certain evidence suggests that it was imported from Wales. The text's compiler, Gurheden, says that his source for the information was one "Iuthael son of Aidan"; while the name Iuthael is a Brittonic name known in both Wales and Brittany, the Gaelic Aidan is not attested in early Brittany but is known in Wales. Additionally, Gurthiern's genealogy corresponds strongly with the descent elsewhere attributed to the Welsh saint Cadoc, further suggesting a Welsh origin.
Conan Meriadoc also appears in the prologue to the Latin Life of Saint Goeznovius, though the date of this text is disputed. The prologue, the only part of the work still extant, survives in a copy by the French historian Pierre Le Baud (died 1505), but contains a passage claiming it was originally written in 1019 by a certain Guillaume, a servant of Bishop Eudo. This date has been defended by Gwenaël Leduc and Léon Fleuriot. However, Hubert Guillotel has argued that the text dates instead to the mid-12th century.
There is evidence that Conan Meriadoc figured into the Brittonic prophetic tradition as a messianic saviour who would return to lead his people in a time of need. A Cynan appears in several prophetic poems, most notably the Armes Prydein, where he is named alongside Cadwaladr as a figure whose return is promised. Geoffrey of Monmouth, whose knowledge of this tradition is evinced in both the Historia Regum Britanniae and the Vita Merlini, specifically identified this Cynan with Conan Meriadoc. Rachel Bromwich suggests that Geoffrey was relying on an older tradition identifying the founder of Brittany with the prophetic Cynan, and argues that this identification is made already in Armes Prydein. At the time Armes Prydein was composed, the Breton nobility under Alan II, Duke of Brittany had forged an alliance with Æthelstan, king of England, in the face of Viking attacks on their territory. Hywel Dda, then ruler of most of Wales, had also formed a similar relationship with Æthelstan at that time. In spite of this, the poet repeatedly refers to the men of Llydaw (Brittany) as part of his prophesied pan-Celtic union which will oust the English from Britain for good. Bromwich reads the line "A chymot Cynan gan y gilyd" ("there will be concord between Cynan and his fellow") as a reference to the reunion of the Bretons and their leader Conan Meriadoc with their fellow Britons. ] List of rulers of Brittany This is a list of rulers of the Duchy of Brittany. In different epochs the sovereigns of Brittany were kings, princes, and dukes. The Breton ruler was sometimes elected, sometimes attained the position by conquest or intrigue, or by hereditary right. Hereditary dukes were sometimes a female ruler, carrying the title duchesse of Brittany. Its principal cities and regions were ruled by counts who often found themselves in conflict with the Breton ruler, or who became the Breton ruler.
During the declining years of the Roman Empire, the earliest Breton rulers in Gaul were styled "kings" of the small realms of Cornouaille and Domnonia. Some such kings may have had a form of hegemony over all of the Brythonic populations in the Armorican peninsula, and Riothamus is called King of the Britons by the chronicler Jordanes. However, there are no certain rulers of the whole of Brittany, which was divided into the fiefdoms of local counts.
The Duchy of Brittany had its origins in the Battle of Trans-la-Forêt of 939, which established the river Couesnon as the boundary between Brittany and Normandy. In 942, Alan II paid homage to Louis IV of France, however the duchy did not gain royal attention until 1123, when Louis VI of France confirmed the bishop of Nantes. No other Duke of Brittany repeated Alan II's homage until Arthur I recognised Philip II of France as his liege in 1202.
The area was often called a Duchy, and its rulers were considered independent Sovereign Dukes. However one historical view is that before the middle of the 12th century the Dukes of Brittany were often also called Counts by the Kings of France, as the kingdom of France then saw Brittany as no more than a county. In 1297, the peninsula was elevated into a Duchy in the peerage of France. This view is not consistent with the manner in which Charles VIII of France and then Louis XII of France approached the Duchy and the rights of Anne of Brittany who married each in succession.
The family of Rohan has a long documented history, with close ties to the Dukes of Brittany.
Earliest Viscounts of Rohan
Alan I (-c. 1127), son of Odo I, Viscount of Porhoët
Alan II (-1170) Alan III (1135-1195) married Constance, daughter of Alan, 1st Earl of Richmond and Bertha, Duchess of Brittany, and sister of Conan IV, Duke of Brittany Alan IV (1166-1205) Geoffrey I (-15 Sep 1221) married firstly Margaret, daughter of Constance, Duchess of Brittany and Guy of Thouars, and secondly Gervaise, daughter of Alan of Dinan and Clemencia of Fougères, but died without issue
Oliver I (-1228), died without issue
Alan V (-1242) married Eleanor, daughter of Eudes III of Porhoët Alan VI (-1304) Oliver II (-1326) Alan VII (-c 1352) John I (1324-1396) married Jeanne of Leon (-1372) and then Jeanne of Navarre, daughter of Philip III of Navarre Alan VIII (-1429) Viscount of Rohan and lord of Leon, from the first marriage
Charles (-1438) lord of Guéméné, from the second marriage
Alan VIII, son of John I and Jeanne of Leon Alan IX (-1462) married Margaret, daughter of John V, Duke of Brittany and then Marie, daughter of Antoine, Count of Vaudémont Alan (-c. 1449), son of Margaret and Count of Porhoët, married Yolanda, daughter of Guy XIV de Laval by his first wife, Isabella, daughter of John VI, Duke of Brittany
Margaret, daughter of Margaret, married John, Count of Angoulême
Catherine, daughter of Margaret, married Jean I of Albret and then Jacques Dinan Françoise de Dinan married Guy XIV de Laval as his second wife.
John II (-1519), son of Marie, married Marie, daughter of Francis I, Duke of Brittany Jacques (-1527) married Francoise, daughter of Louis III of Rohan
Anne married Pierre II of Rohan
Marie (-9 Jun 1542) married Louis IV of Rohan
Charles, lord of Guéméné, son of Jean I and Jeanne of Navarre Louis I (-15 Dec 1457) Louis II (-25 May 1508)
Pierre (-1513) Louis III (-29 Aug 1498) Louis IV (-14 Jun 1527) married Marie Louis V (c 1513-14 May 1557) married Marguerite de Laval, daughter of Guy XVI de Laval Louis VI (3 Apr 1540-4 Jun 1611) married Leonore Louis VII (1562-01 Nov 1589)
Hercule, Duke of Montbazon, a title retained in this branch Louis VIII (5 Aug 1598-23 Feb 1667) Charles II (7 Jul 1633-3 Jul 1699) Charles III (30 Sep 1655-10 Oct 1727) Hercule Mériadec, Prince of Guéméné (13 November 1688 – 21 December 1757)
Charles, Prince of Rochefort (7 Aug 1693-25 Feb 1766), started the line of the Princes of Rochefort
Pierre (-1513), son of Louis I, married Francoise Porhoët Pierre II whose marriage merged the County of Rohan to the junior branch
Charles (-6 May 1528) Count of Guise Francois (-29 Dec 1559) Viscount of Fronsac Leonore (10 Jan 1539-20 Sep 1583) married Louis VI
Pierre II (-1524), son of Pierre married Anne Rene I (1516-1552), 18th Viscount of Rohan married Isabella, daughter of John III of Navarre Henry I
Rene II (1550-1586) Henry II (21 Aug 1579-13 Apr 1638), who saw Rohan elevated from a county to a duchy
Cathérine (20 Jun 1578-10 May 1607) was wed at the château du Parc in August 1604 to Johann II, Duke of Zweibrücken (1584-1635).[7
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