Atrum Templum Library

Atrum Templum Library


Pull up a chair and grab yourself a cup of fresh herb tea...

Within this Book you will find all sorts of things having to from the basic to the more complex aspects of witchcraft. I welcome all other coven mates to submit their own information if they would like to.

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What is a Witch?

A Witch is someone who is well versed in, and performs magickal workings. We worship the Earth, and all living creatures, the Moon and Sun, but some have no particular deity. We have been around a lot longer than the new Neo Pagan religions, passed down through writings and orally through generations. However, their are far more Witches that follow another religion such as Druid, Celtic, Fairy or Wicca, as well as practice Witchcraft. After one officially dedicates themselves to study the Craft, you must study very intensely for a year and a day. This amount of time is traditional in every Pagan religion I'm familiar with. At the time, you will have a much better idea as to what Witchcraft is all about, and if it's the path for you, along with another religion, if that's how you've studied. At that point you go through an initiation ritual and are officially a Witch. A Witch is usually a very good healer. We know much about the use of herbs, trees, plants, rocks and gemstones, etc. Witches also tend to be good at divination, particularly tarot or rune stones.

This next question is one that, is most asked and people will often assume that they are both the same thing.

Wicca or Witchcraft? Are they the same?

No, they aren't. Witchcraft itself is considered a path, more than a religion, but I believe both terms are accurate. Witchcraft is the art of being very adept at performing magick. Wicca is the most popular Pagan religion by far. Wiccans worship a Goddess and a God represented in the Moon and Sun. Most Pagan religions incorporate the use of magick into their religious practices, that's were it starts getting confusing. Say you are a Wiccan, but you are also an adept Witch, what do you call yourself Wiccan or Witch? The answer...both, just pick what feels write for you. but also just because you are a Witch that does not mean that you are Wiccan either.

Do Witches worship the Devil?

No we don't. The Devil or Satan is part of the Christian and Muslim religions. Witches don't even believe in the existence of a Devil, Satan or Anti-Christ. That being said, how could we worship something that we don't think exists? Doesn't make sense dose it? Witches believe that each and every human being is completely responsible for their own actions. To us, evil is a choice, that a human might make, not an entity to blame our actions upon. If an individual chooses to do evil, we believe they will be punished via The Law of Three or karma. If one is working for the good of others, we feel that the same laws will reward them. In other words, "What goes around comes around."

What are pentacles & pentagrams? What are they for?

A pentagram is a five pointed star. The top point represents the Spirit and the other four points represent North, South, East and West. A pentacle is a combination of the five pointed star with a circle around it which represents universal wisdom or the "Goddess". It's a symbol of protection worn as an amulet and used as a tool in spells or rituals. Pentacles and pentagrams are not Satanic. Pythagoras used it as a symbol of health and his followers wore them in order to recognize one another. In Medieval times, some Christian knights used the pentagram as their symbol. Satanists turn the symbol upside-down, which puts the elements of Fire and Earth at the top (Fire symbolizes willpower and passion and Earth, prosperity and earthly goods) and Spirit, spirituality, at the bottom. Satanists also turn the cross upside-down. This, in itself, does not make the cross or pentagram a Satanic symbol. In some Wiccan traditions, the reversed pentagram is a symbol of "second degree" status-one who has been elevated from "initiate". To members of these traditions, the reversed pentagram is considered highly positive and has no connection to Satanism.

Do Witches sacrifice humans and animals?

No. Although many ancient religions did perform these sacrifices. Today it's called murder. We don't eat babies or drink blood either. The nature of sacrifice is to give up something of one's own in order to gain something more important. We do not feel that the life of another creature is ours to give. Witches believe in the sanctity of all life. We may occasionally use a drop or two of our own blood, by poking a finger, but that's it.

Do you use magick to curse or hex people?

These two words have such a strong stereotype to them that it's going to be a bit hard to explain. There are different kind of hexes and curses. For example, an adept Witch who just got assaulted could curse the man to slow him down and make him easier to find, or prevent him from leaving the country. You aren't hurting the man, just trying to bring him to justice. If you found a dream car that you've wanted since you were a kid, but don't have quite enough money to get it, you could curse the car, making people feel uncomfortable around it until you can afford to buy it....and lift the curse. However to curse or hex a person out of malice, anger, jealousy, or any bad intentions is not allowed. The consequences would be far too severe, and it's just plain wrong.

Are you a black Witch or a white Witch?

I'm just a Witch. I don't know how this white/black, good/bad thing started but I've been asked this question a lot. There are no black/white or good/ bad Witches, just good or bad people, and a lot of magickal 'gray' areas in between. It is your sense of ethics, and common sense, that will tell you if the magick you're planning is karmic ally good or bad for you. Magick is not simply black or white, just like you can't point to everything and say whether it's good or bad, it may be somewhere in the middle, or as I say, the 'gray' area. Just remember that magick done for selfish or hurtful reasons will come back to bite you. So remember the Law of Three

Why don't Witches try to convert me?

We believe that finding your religious path is a personal choice. There is no right or wrong path. Yours should be the one that fills you will love and content. What ever path that is, is for you to discover. We respect all religions and wish that the same respect is reciprocated. The only time you may encounter a Witch at your door would be on Samhain (Halloween). They will be small in stature and will quickly leave if you give them a treat.

Are male Witches Warlocks ?

A male Witch is a Witch. To call him a Warlock would be an insult as it means "oath breaker."

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Before going into the Creeds and Rede's I thought first we might talk about the Goals.

Thirteen Goals of a Witch

These goals were written by Scott Cunningham. I find them very important and significant. What I love about them is that they are not a bunch of lofty, unattainable goals. They are a way of life, and realistic things that can be achieved through work and dedication. I think that we should remind ourselves of them daily. Have them written somewhere in your home. Know them by heart and say them out loud to yourself every day.

Know yourself

Who are you? Do you really know all there is to know about yourself? Getting to know who we are is a life time journey. We are always growing and changing. The exploration of the soul is the most important journey you will ever make...and the longest one too :)

Know your Craft

The Craft. So many different ways of worship. So many traditions! Knowing your chosen Craft path doesn't end when you have read all the 'right' books or after initiation. That is, in a sense the beginning of knowing your Craft.


To achieve any of these goals, you must be on a constant quest to learn more. More about yourself, your Craft and the world around you.

Apply knowledge with wisdom

Some people seem to think that these 2 words are interchangeable. They are not. Knowledge is what you know. You gain knowledge through various forms of study. Wisdom is something else entirely. It is something that can not be taught. It is that which you gain through experience and intuition. Combine your knowledge with your wisdom.

Achieve balance

This seems to be something of a challenge as many of us have busy lives. We have many responsibilities and it can be difficult at times to just stop..take a deep breath , and put your personal priorities into perspective. This means creating balance in your life. Spiritual, emotional and physical. If you don't have balance, you're unbalanced. It's as simple as that. Make time to achieve balance...you won't regret it.

Keep your thoughts in good order

Think positive, do not think bad will of others.

Keep your words in good order

Self explanatory but the quotes "Speak little, listen much" come to mind, along with "Think before you speak".

Celebrate life

Enjoy your life! Celebrate it and all of the wonders it brings you. There is cause for celebration every day. From the simple things like waking up, enjoying a nice cup of tea or a warm bath to the more obvious ones. In Pagan books of days, you see that everyday is cause for celebration.

Attune with the cycles of the Earth

This can be a tough thing to do if your schedule seems destined to keep you indoors. Working long hours in a concrete building with no window, driving in grid lock traffic and then rushing to take care of your house hold tasks. Our ways worship the Earth and there are ways (no matter how busy you are) to attune with the cycles of the Earth.. It just takes some creativity and imagination.

Breathe and eat correctly

The importance of eating correctly is fairly obvious. You are what you eat. Unfortunately, since healthy living has come in to major focus, many have become confused about just what is and is not good for you. There are, however some foods that never come into question. Fresh fruits/ vegetables and grains. A balanced diet that includes these every day is essential. Breathing is something that is not discussed very much. There are yoga and meditation books and web pages that do discuss the importance of adopting a calm, slow and deep breathing pattern.

Exercise the body

No matter what path you follow, it is imperative that you take very good care of yourself. You know that saying "Your body is your temple?" It is!!! And if you truly want to please the 'Powers That Be', you will treat the amazing body they gave you with honor and respect. I can't emphasise this enough! Be good to yourself, and your body will reward you with health, long life, and happines.


Meditation is as important to your health, as a proper diet and regular exercise. It is also imperative, along with visualization for successful rituals, spells and divination.

Honor the Goddess and God

Show respect to both and honor them daily. Each has their own way in which they honor them. I myself do so, my keeping fresh flowers on my altar.

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The Witches’ Creed

By Doreen Valiente

Hear now the words of the witches,

The secrets we hid in the night,

When dark was our destiny’s pathway,

That now we bring forth into light.

Mysterious water and fire,

The earth and the wide-ranging air,

By hidden quintessence we know them,

And will and keep silent and dare.

The birth and rebirth of all nature,

The passing of winter and spring,

We share with the life universal,

Rejoice in the magical ring.

Four times in the year the Great Sabbat

Returns, and witches are seen

At Lammas, and Candlemas dancing,

On May Eve and old Hallowe’en.

When day-time and night-time are equal,

When the sun is at greatest and least,

The four Lesser Sabbats are summoned,

Again witches gather in feast.

Thirteen silver moons in a year are,

Thirteen is the coven's array.

Thirteen times as Esbat make merry,

For each golden year and a day.

The power was passed down the ages,

Each time between woman and man,

Each century unto the other,

Ere time and the ages began.

When drawn is the magical circle,

By sword or athame or power,

Its compass between the two worlds lie,

In Land of the Shades for that hour.

This world has no right then to know it,

And world beyond will tell naught,

The oldest of Gods are invoked there,

The Great Work of magic is wrought.

For two are the mystical pillars,

That stand to at the gate of the shrine,

And two are the powers of nature,

The forms and the forces divine.

The dark and the light in succession,

The opposites each unto each,

Shown forth as a God and a Goddess,

Of this did our ancestors teach.

By night he’s the wild wind’s rider,

The Horn’d One, the Lord of the shades,

By day he’s the King of the Woodlands,

The dweller in green forest glades.

She is youthful or old as she pleases,

She sails the torn clouds in her barque,

The bright silver lady of midnight,

The crone who weaves spells in the dark.

The master and mistress of magic,

They dwell in the deeps of the mind,

Immortal and ever-renewing,

With power to free or to bind.

So drink the good wine to the Old Gods,

And dance and make love in their praise,

Til Elphame's fair land shall receive us,

In peace at the end of our days.

An Do What You Will be the challenge,

So be it in Love that harms none,

For this is the only commandment,

By Magick of old, be it done.

Eight words the Witches’ Creed fulfill:

If it harms none, do what you will.

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The Wiccan Rede

Bide ye Wiccan laws ye must,

in perfect love and perfect trust.

Live and let live, fairly take and fairly give.

Form the circle thrice about, to keep all evil spirits out.

To bind ye spell every time, let ye spell be spake in rhyme.

Soft of eye, light of touch, speak ye little, listen much.

Deosil go by the waxing moon, singing out ye Witches’ Rune.

Widdershins go by the waning moon, chanting out ye Baneful Rune.

When the Lady’s moon is new, kiss your hand to her times two.

When the moon rides at her peak, then ye heart’s desire seek.

Heed the North wind’s mighty gale, lock the door and trim the sail.

When the wind comes from the South, love will kiss thee on the mouth.

When the wind blows from the West, departed souls may have no rest.

When the wind blows from the East, except the new and set the feast.

Nine woods in ye cauldron go, burn them fast and burn them slow.

Elder be ye Lady’s tree, burn it not or cursed ye’ll be.

When the wheel begins to turn, soon ye Beltaine fire’ll burn.

When the wheel hath turned to Yule, light the log the Horned One rules.

Heed ye flower, bush and tree, by the Lady blessed be.

Where the rippling waters flow, cast a stone and truth ye’ll know.

When ye have and hold a need, harken not to others greed.

With a fool no season spend, nor be counted as his friend.

Merry meet and merry part, bright the cheeks and warm the heart.

Mind ye threefold law ye should, three times bad and three times good.

When misfortune is anow, wear the blue star upon thy brow.

True in love ye must ever be, lest thy love be false to thee.

In these eight words the Wiccan Rede fulfill,

‘An ye harm none, do what ye will.

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The Three-Fold Law

The Three-Fold Law is the belief and principle on which magick is used. This law relates to the use of power and energy, for when used, power is returned to the sender, three times the level it was sent out.

Used in relation with the ethos, “Do what thy wilt, though it harm none” (as stated in the Wiccan Rede), we take great care when preparing and casting spells that no harm should come to others because of it.

The nature of this three-fold return can perhaps be better understood when considering the cause and effect principle of a spell. Let’s take an example – someone comes to you in distress with a problem, you help by sending out positive energy and the problem is successfully resolved. This automatically makes you feel good about yourself and influences your thoughts; thus your state of consciousness is altered. In turn your thoughts stir the emotions, which has a physical effect in the body by causing glandular secretions to enter into the blood stream. The resulting state of mind and body lifts your spirit, which is what makes you feel good. Thus with the act of a single good deed, you have been effected three times, in mind, body, and spirit. This then is your three-fold response to the return of positive energy. Now consider your response had you sent out negative energy or something went drastically wrong?

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The Law of Power

1. The Power shall not be used to bring harm, to injure or to control others. But if the need arises, the Power shall be used to protect your life or the lives of others.

2. The Power is used only as need dictates.

3. The Power can be used for your own gain; as long as by doing so you harm none. ( I do not agree with this, personal gain has always been frowned upon and it is not something that I practice.)

4. It is unwise to accept money for the use of the Power, for it quickly controls its taker. Be not as those of other religions.

5. Use not the Power for prideful gain, for such cheapens the mysteries of Wicca and Magick.

6. Ever remember that the Power is a sacred gift of the Goddess and the God, and should never be misused or abused.

7. And this is the Law of the Power.

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The Four Powers of the Magus

The Four Powers of the Magus are the personal attributes traditionally necessary and required for the successful use and practice of magick. These are - To Know, To Dare, To Will, and To Be Silent. Without these four attributes combined, the individual will never be successful in magick.

The reasoning is quite simple; none of the attributes mentioned are enough in themselves, as all four attributes must be present to balance each other out. For instance:

To Know - Knowledge is no good, without the will and audacity to see magick done.

To Dare – Audacity is no good, without the knowledge and will to see magick done.

To Will – Will power is no good, without the knowledge and audacity to see magick done.

To Be Silent – What good are the above, without the discretion to remain silent until the magick is done? To reveal your magick before it is done, dissipates it’s power and effectiveness.

So, anyone aspiring to use magick, he/see needs a knowledge of what he/see is doing, the audacity to use it, the will power to control it, and the discretion to remain silent till the work is done.

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The Charge Of The Goddess

Written by Doreen Valiente

Whenever ye have need of anything,

once in the month and better it be when the moon is full,

then shall ye assemble in some secret place,

and adore the spirit of me,

who am Queen of all witches.

There shall ye assemble,

ye who are fain to learn all sorcery,

yet have not won its deepest secrets;

to these will I teach all things that are as yet unknown.

And ye shall be free from slavery;

and as a sign that ye be truly free,

you shall be naked in your rites;

and ye shall dance, sing, feast, make music and love,

all in my praise.

For mine is the ecstasy of the spirit,

and mine also is joy on earth;

for my law is love unto all beings.

Keep pure your highest ideals;

strive ever towards them,

let nothing stop you or turn you aside.

For mine is the secret door which

opens upon the Land of Youth,

and mine is the cup of the wine of life,

and the Cauldron of Cerridwen,

which is the Holy Vessel of Immortality.

I am the gracious Goddess,

who gives the gift of joy unto the heart of man.

Upon earth,

I give the knowledge of the spirit eternal;

and beyond death,

I give peace, and freedom,

and reunion with those who have gone before.

Nor do I demand sacrifice;

for behold, I am the Mother of all living,

and my love is poured out upon the Earth.

I am the beauty of the green earth,

and the white moon among the stars,

and the mystery of the waters,

and the desire of the heart of man.

Call unto thy soul, arise, and come unto me.

For I am the soul of Nature,

who gives life to the Universe.

From me all things proceed,

and unto me all things must return;

and before my face, beloved of gods and of men,

let thine innermost divine self be enfolded,

in the rapture of the infinite.

Let my worship be within the heart that rejoicest,

for behold, all acts of love and pleasure are my rituals.

Therefore, let there be beauty and strength,

power and compassion, honor and humility,

mirth and reverence within you.

And thou who thinketh to seek for me,

know thy seeking and yearning shall avail thee not,

unless thou knoweth the mystery;

that if that which thou seekest thou findest not within thee,

thou wilt never find it without thee.

For behold, I have been with thee from the beginning;

and I am that which is attained at the end of desire.

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The Charge Of The God

Listen to the Words of the Horned God,

Who was of old called among men:

Adonis, Tammuz, Dianus, Herne,

Bran, Beli, Lugh, Gwyn,

Dionysus, Osiris, Cernunnos, Pan,

And by many other Names.

O Secret of Secrets,

That art hidden in the being of all that lives,

Not Thee do we adore,

For That which adoreth is also Thou.

Thou art That, and That am I.

I am the Flame that burns in the heart of every being,

And in the core of every Star.

I am Life, and the Giver of Life,

Yet therefore is the Knowledge of Me

The Knowledge of Death and Resurrection.

I am alone, the Lord within ourselves,

Whose Name is Mystery of Mysteries.

I am the Horned God.

I am the Lord of the Universe,

The Father of all living,

The All-Devourer and the All-Begetter.

I am He Whose Seed lies strewn

As glittering Gems across velvet darkness

Within the Womb of the Mother.

I am the Lord of the Shadows

In the darkness of the Underworld,

For I am the Midnight Sun.

I am the Light of the Stars,

And the Spark of the Spirit Eternal,

For I am the God Within.

I am the Horned Leader of the Hosts of Air,

The Leader of the Wild Hunt,

The Judge of Gods and of Men.

I am the Hidden God,

Who ever yet remains,

For I dwell within the secret seed.

I am the seed of grain,

I am the seed of flesh,

I am the Seed of the Stars.

I am the Lord of the Heights,

I am the Lord of the Depths,

God of forest, of flock, and of field.

I am the Hunter and Hunted,

I am the wolf and the Shepherd,

I am the vine and the grain.

I am a Guiding Star above you,

I am a bright Flame before you,

I am a smooth Path beneath you.

I am the Light of Life.

I am the Flame of Love.

I am the Horned God!

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Call of the Dark Goddess

Night is the cloak of the Dark Goddess of Transformation; Wisdom and prophecy are her gifts.

She is known to us as Kali, Cerridwen, Lilith, Hecate, Persephone, Arianhod, Tiamat, The Morrigan, or simply The Crone; the Dark One is Infinite.

These are the words of the Dark Goddess - heed them well.

Hear Me, child, and know Me for who I am. I have been at your side since the day you came to be, and will stay by your side until come to Me in the final darkening of the light.

I am the the passionate, fiery one who inspires the poet to dream of the future.

I am She who calls all things back to the Cauldron, who grants Her children blessed rest and peace in Her embrace.

I am the Womb, the place which all life springs from.

I am the Wild Magess, the sorceress who cannot be ruled, the Weaver of the Rune, the Mistress of Time, the Teacher of Mysteries and Keeper of Secrets. I cut the threads of silver, I slit the throats of the cruel and drink the blood of the coward, I feed My crows with carrion crop.

Have no fear when you face me, children, for I am your protector, the one to whom you will turn for peace. Fear is crippling; cast it aside and you shall know inner peace, strength, courage and beauty in the night.

I am the fury that rends asunder the unjust heart, the maelstrom that destroys the wicked and the foul.

I am the brilliant forge that tempers the Inner Beast, turns disharmony and falsehood to a source of great power. Open yourself to the embrace of the Night-clad Lady, and overcome the demons of your mind.

I am the crucible that shapes all; the realm in which all parts of Self are joined, in which All become One.

I am the velvet tones of the midnight sky, the swirling mysts of the moonlit vale; I am the Mistress of the Winter Night, She who is shrouded in Mystery and Magick.

I am the glinting sword that protects you from harm, the promise of violence that ceases all fighting.

I am the Shroud, the chrysalis in which we all must face our fears and conquer them; the place from which we burst forth anew. Seek me at the Crossroads, and you shall be transformed; for once you look upon the face of Death, there is no return to what you have been, only to what you are to become.

I am the searing fire that burns away the shackles of ignorance, the Cauldron in which the Waters flow deep and darkening, She who in which all opposites learn truth and tolerance for one another.

I am the Healer of all wounds, the Warrior who rights all wrongs in her time. I make the weak strong; I make the arrogant humble. I raise up the oppressed by the Power within them; that of instinct and feral longing that only comes of great need. I am Justice tempered with Wisdom, a Vengeance tempered with Mercy.

Most importantly, children, I am you; I am part of and within you all. Look for me within and without, and you will find strength. Come and know Me, for I should not be lost. Light without Dark is blinding, just as Darkness without Light swallows all. Roam into the dark and find yourself, find your balance, and walk in beauty. Take Me with you always, and have the Power to be whatever you wish.

These are the words of the Dark Goddess, blessed be Her name.

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The Charge of The Dark God

Listen to the words of the Dark God, who was of old

called Acheron, Chamer, Anubis, Hades, Mors, Hoder,

and by many other names.

I am the shadow in the bright day, I am the reminder

of mortality at the height of living. I am the

neverending veil of Night where the Star Goddess

dances. I am the Death that must be so that Life may

continue, for behold, Life is immortal because the

living must die.

I am the strength that protects, that limits. I am the

power that says No, No Further, and That Is Enough. I

am the things that may not be spoken of, and I am the

laughter at the edge of Death.

Come with me into the warm enfolding dark, feel my

caresses in the hands, in the mouth, in the body of

one you love, and be transformed.

Gather in the moonless night and speak in unknown

tongues. The Dark Mother and I will listen. Sing to us

and cry out and the Power will be yours to unfold.

Blow me a kiss when the sky is dark, and I will smile,

but no kiss returns, for my kiss is the final one for

all mortal flesh.

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To be a witch is to love & be loved.

To be a witch is to know everything & nothing at all.

To be a witch is to move amongst the stars while staying on earth.

To be a witch is to change the world around you & yourself.

To be a witch is to share & give while receiving all the while.

To be a witch is to dance & sing & hold hands with the universe.

To be a witch is to honor the gods & yourself.

To be a witch is to Be Magick not just perform it.

To be a witch is to be honorable or nothing at all.

To be a witch is to accept others who are not.

To be a witch is to know what you feel is right & good.

To be a witch is to harm none.

To be a witch is to know the ways of old.

To be a witch is to see beyond the barriers.

To be a witch is to follow the moon.

To be a witch is to be one with the gods.

To be a witch is to study & to learn.

To be a witch is to be the teacher & the student.

To be a witch is to acknowledge the truth.

To be a witch is to live with the earth & not just on it.

To be a witch is to be truly free!

-author unknown-

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It is a known fact that Gerald Gardner was fascinated with swords, athames, and knives. He brought these tools in to play as The Witches Tools.

Once again, your women of old would be using a regular kitchen/garden/utility knife for her magickal workings for cutting herbs and the like. Being a country dweller, she would use what she already had on hand to be practical. Unless you were of nobility or royalty you would not have this luxury. It is doubtful that any woman ever accused of being a Witch owned anything that Gardner called a Witches Tool.

SWORD In organized Wicca, (at least the Covens we have encountered) get caught up in all the fancy material products. But as the Lady said, "Do not get caught up in tools and trappings. "The covens that use the sword feel it is used: to channel the Will of the entire coven, in the opening and closing of the Circle, (if it is used to cut the circle, that is), to pass and reserve power, and control - channeling of energies from entities that are outside of our physical domain. Because it represents the Will of Both the Witch and the Gods, all Covenants are sworn upon it. "With this in thy hand, thou are ruler of the Magick Circle".

ATHAME AND WHITE HANDLE KNIFE Much emphases has been put to the white-handled knife and athame. And again, due to Gardner. He brought in the double-edged athame using it to cut a circle. But when you think about it, Witches that wanted to cast a circle, more than likely used a branch off a tree to draw a circle in the ground or and imaginary one. Current day Witches have their sacred wands and staffs. (See wands and Staffs). The athame or knife, is also used for consecrating of the elements on the altar, and of the blessings of the cakes and wine. The athame is related to the element of Air and The Swords in Tarot Cards.

WAND The wand is used to draw in and direct energies. It carries energy in a specified direction. You can make your own by acquiring a branch from a tree. (Please ask permission from the tree first). Willow wands are considered to be very magickal. You can also put gem stones in the wand and a crystal at the point of the wand. There are plenty of New Age stores where you can acquire some beautiful wands, whether it be wood or metal. Hold and point your wand when you invite the Watchtower Powers to your circle. You can also hold a feather, a quartz point, a stalk of dried wheat or simply your fingers during rituals. The Wand is related to the element of Fire and the Staff/Wands in the Tarot Cards.

STAFF The Staff is just a long extension of the Wand. It has all the powers of the Wand, and can be energized in the same manner. By adding gem stones, a quartz crystal, or maybe feathers which birds have left on the ground.

PENTACLE Usually made out of brass, gold, silver, wood, wax, or clay with a flat surface having the Pentagram and other related magical symbols embossed on it. The Pentagram, the five pointed star was taken from Ceremonial Magic. In this ancient art, it was used for protection or a tool used to evoke spirit. In the Craft it represents the element of Earth and generally is used to place amulets, charms or other items to be consecrated and charged. Some Witches buy a piece of round wood and using a burning tool to inscribe the Pentagram and other various items on it like runes and symbols. Some Witches also add gem stones and crystals for more empowerment.

CHALICE The Challis is the womb of the Goddess and should not be used except during rituals. It is considered a cauldron on a stem and is related to the element of Water. It can be made of silver, brass, gold, earthenware, soapstone, alabaster, crystal, or any other material that is non toxic to drink from. It is considered Cups in the Tarot Card.

CENSOR The Censor is used to hold the charcoal and incense to sweeten the air and heighten our minds that the Circle will be a fit place for the Goddess. Incense used in ritual is an art in itself. The censor can also be considered a cauldron brewing up your incenses for the ritual at hand. Please make sure when acquiring one that you get one big enough to hold your charcoal and will retain any sparks.

CAULDRON Now what would any good Witch do without her Cauldron? A small cauldron or bowl is placed on the alter to hold consecrated water in it and for the consecrated salt to be added to and then cast around your circle for cleansing. Not only is it a magickal tool, but it symbolizes so much. The Cauldron is the symbol of the Goddess. It is used often in ritual as a focal point. Ideally, it should be of iron and resting on three legs. Cauldrons can be difficult to find, but I am sure if you ask the Goddess, she will help you in your quest. Antique stores are an excellent place for looking for cauldrons. (You could also try a hardware or kitchen store). Most Witches have a bowl on the alter and have the large cauldron sitting someplace of importance like a fireplace or by the broom.

BELL Ringing a bell unleashes vibrations which have powerful effects according to its volume, tone, and material of construction. The bell is a feminine symbol and is often used to invoke/evoke the Goddess in ritual. It is also rung to ward off evil spells, evil spirits, and to evoke good energies/spirits. Hung on the door, it guards the home. Bells are sometimes rung in ritual to mark various sections of thought/speech, like a period used at the end of a paragraph.

SCOURGE Witches of old did not use a Scourge. Gardner was into a lot of things and he brought this "beauty" into the Craft. He called it Magickal Art, stating that it represented the inner suffering the Initiate must endure on the path to enlightenment!

WITCH'S ROBE Now this is not a magickal tool but it certainly is magickal. There is much to-do about this item as well. Some organized covens claim that it MUST be 100% cotton, it must be black, it must be made by your hand, and the "MUST" goes on and on. If you are a solitaire, then black, blue, purple are very good colors to wear simply because it helps you to connect when you are "Between the Worlds". Meaning it helps put you in an altered state of mind, away from the mundane world. It puts you in that ritual frame of mind. White can be difficult because it can be guaranteed that you will spill wine on it! It does not have to be 100% cotton, what ever material makes you feel like the Goddess you are - you use. It can be made out of any material you like, but be careful, make sure it is flame retardant and does not have large bell sleeves. (Yes, we had someone catch on fire while in Circle! Remember you are in an altered state, you don't want to be distracted by your robe.) There are some beautiful robes out there, you don't have to sew them yourself. You can always buy a robe, add things to it and charge it by running it through charged incense and cleansed salt and water. Offer it up to the Goddess instilling that from hence forth this robe is to be worn only when the Priestess seeks the Goddess whether it be in magickal purposes, ritual, or simply to sit and be with the Goddess. During first Degree initiation, the High Priestess and High Priest charge the Initiate's robe, bought or sewn. That way they are making the initiate feel that whatever they choose to do while wearing it, the robe will be sacred.

BROOM The Broom is also not considered a magickal tool to some, but "The Church" was terrified of the Witch on her broom, flying through the night sky. Actually, the broom is used to "sweep out negativity from your hearth and home or your pre prep for Circle setup. It, again, aids in your focus of cleansing your area.

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Choosing a path is something that no one else can choose for you. It is something that only you yourself can do. There are many different traditions. Below you will get a brief overview of the most common and well known traditions.

Alexandrian Wicca

Founded by Alex Sanders and his wife Maxine in the 1960's, the Alexandrian Tradition originated in England. Alex Sanders was often referred to as the “King of the Witches”, and with the help of his wife Maxine, they were instrumental in opening up Wicca to the general public. During the 1960’s and early 70’s, they were responsible for initiating many hundreds of newcomers into the craft, amongst whom where Stewart Farrar and Janet Owen.

In the early days the original rituals of the tradition are thought to have been Gardnerian, plagiarized by Alex and embellished with a few of his own amendments. These he then used to found his own coven from which emerged the Alexandrian Tradition. Today although still similar to Gardnerian in terms of its hierarchical structure, the Alexandrian Tradition tends to be more eclectic and liberal, focusing strongly on ceremonial magick.


The Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC):

The Aquarian Tabernacle Church was founded on the 01st November 1979 in Index, Washington, by Pete “Pathfinder” Davis and dedicated to providing religious services and support to the larger Wiccan community. On the 12th of November 1988 the ATC gained governmental recognition in the USA, and on the 30th of December 1991 won IRS group exemption as a Wiccan tradition. This means that any congregation that the ATC accepts as a group affiliate automatically receives Church tax-exemption within the US. Since then the ATC has also won recognition as a Church by the government’s of Canada and Australia.

The ATC is a positive, life-affirming spirituality; it is a non-dualist, non-racist, non-sexist, non-exclusive, bipolar and ecologically oriented faith dedicated to the preservation of Holy Mother Earth and the revival of the worship of “The Old Gods” in a modern context. ATC members seek to achieve the fullest of human potential by the creation of a peaceful world of love, freedom, health and prosperity for all sentient beings.


Ár nDraíocht Féin: A Druid Fellowship (ADF)

Ár Ndraíocht Féin (pronounced - arn ree-ocht fane) in Gaelic means “Our Own Druidism”, is an independent religious fellowship of neo-Pagan Druids founded in 1983 by P.E.I (Isaac) Bonewits, a former Archdruid of several groves in the Reformed Druids of North America. Ár Ndraíocht Féin has no direct links to the ancient Druids but is a reconstruction of Druidic and Indo-European Pagan rituals and religions. Organized into groves, many of them named after trees, the ADF integrates religion with alternate healing arts, ecology-consciousness, psychic development and artistic expression. They have eight seasonal High Days (equivalent to the Wiccan Sabbats) and they conduct regular study and discussion groups in addition to a wide range of artistic activities.


Blue Star Wicca

Founded in 1976 in Norristown, PA by Frank Dufner (“the Wizard”) and Tzipora Katz, who later moved to Manhattan, where they trained and initiated a number of people. Early rituals were based on Alexandrian and Greco-Roman Traditions. After Frank and Tzipora's divorce, in the early 1980's, Kenny Klein became high priest, steering the Tradition towards a more traditional British form, discarding Alexandrian and ceremonial rituals and replacing them with British folkloric Craft practices, including the 8 Paths of Power, the 7 Tenets of Faith, and the Drawing Down of the Moon and Sun. Touring the country from 1983-1992 performing music, Kenny and Tzipora continued to teach Blue Star Wicca, initiated many people and founded many covens, at the same time recording and distributing lessons on cassette tapes. Blue Star’s rigorous training can take 2-3 years before initiation.


British Traditional (Druidic Witchcraft)

Druidic Witchcraft is an eclectic tradition, drawing its beliefs and practices from a variety of sources. These include elements of the Druid religion, as well as Irish, Celtic, and Gardnerian beliefs. Their coven training consists of a degree structure similar to that advocated by other traditions. The International Red Garter is perhaps their most popular Order at this time.

Druidic Witchcraft should not be confused with that of the Druid Religion, which is entirely different. Druids are not witches and do not practice magick, though there are many links and similarities between the two. For instance, the traditional cauldron of the witches is in likeness to the Sacred Cauldron of Inspiration, which is presided over by the Goddess Cerridwen, who is revered by the Bards and Druids.

Other similarities include the four great annual festivals celebrated by the Druids, these mark the four changing seasons; Winter, Spring, Summer, and Autumn, and are identical to the four great Sabbats celebrated by witches. The Druids also celebrate the lesser Sabbats, the solstices and equinoxes, known to them by their Druidic names as the four Albans; Alban Arthan – the winter solstice, Alban Eilir – the spring equinox, Alban Hefin – the summer solstice, and Alban Elfed – the autumn equinox.

The Druids in common with witches hold to a belief in reincarnation. They are taught that the human soul has to pass through a number of existences while in Abred, the Circle of Necessity, before attaining to Gwynvyd, the Circle of Blessedness. Abred was the condition of earthly existence, but once transcended and its lessons learned, the soul would return to it no more. Three things hold back the soul’s progression to achieve Gwynvyd - Pride, Falsehood, and Cruelty.


Celtic Wicca

The Celtic tradition is based on an eclectic blend of materials, beliefs and practices taken from the pre-Christian, Celtic and Gaulish peoples of Northern Europe, including Gaul, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland. This tradition has obvious close links with the Druids, who of old were the “wise men” and “priests” of the ancient pagan Celts and Gaul’s. The Celtic tradition is an earth-based tradition, and has a strong focus on its religious belief’s.

Many aspects of Christianity, as adopted by the church, were taken from ancient Celtic beliefs. The “Holy Grail” can be attributed to the pagan’s “Cerridwyn’s Cauldron”, likewise the Celtic pagan goddess “Brigit” became the Christian’s “Saint Bride”.


Ceremonial Magic:

A form of magic that calls upon the aid of beneficent spirits and is akin to religion. Ceremonial Magic is based upon a blend of doctrines taken from the teachings of Plato and other Greek philosophers, Oriental mysticism, Judaism and Christianity. Ceremonial Magic can be divided into three forms: Enochian, Thelemic and Eclectic. Enochian Magic originated with John Dee and Edward Kelly in the 16th century who developed the Enochian system of Angelic communication with spirits. This involved Nineteen Calls (or Keys): incantations in the Enchonian language, a complex language of unknown origin.

Enochian Magic was revived in the late 1800’s by S.L. MacGregor Mathers of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and studied at length by Aleister Crowley. From his studies Crowley developed his own system of Thelemic Magick, which in turn has been expanded and developed into an Eclectic system of Ceremonial Magic based on a variety of different sources including: Alchemy, Egyptology, Kabalistic doctrines and Chaos Magic etc.

Ceremonial Magic requires a rigorous discipline and has an intellectual appeal; the mage derives power from God (the Judeo-Christian God) through the successful control of spirits, usually demons, which are believed easier to control than angels. Demons may be good, evil or neutral. In its highest sense, Ceremonial Magic is a transcendental experience that takes the mage into mystical realms and into communication with the Higher Self. Ceremonial Magic is also known as High Magic, Ritual Magic, Theurgic Magic and Theurgy.


Chaos Magic

In the late 1970's some twenty years after the death of the great “Austin Osman Spare” (1886-1956), a Mr. Carroll and Mr. Sherwin formed the "Illuminates of Thanateros" (IOT), a new tradition that became synonymous with Chaos Magic. Chaos Magic is based primarily on the workings and philosophy of Austin Osman Spare. It would seem to me that Chaos Magic is not exactly Witchcraft. While it incorporates witchcraft, its the cutting edge of "High Magic" and is more into the realm of the Magician than that of the Witch.

To explain Chaos Magic I can do no better than to quote the authors introduction to a book I have recently read, “Understanding Chaos Magic - by Jaq D. Hawkins”. I do so in the interest that shared information helps us all, and have adapted the text slightly for use here:

"Chaos Magic is the newest and fastest growing area of hands-on practical magic available to the modern magician. It is an area of study that disposes of the need for religion, or pre-packaged philosophy and superstition in the use of magic. The Chaos Magician seeks to understand the natural laws behind the workings of magic, and the- reasons behind the use of ritual in the performance of a magical working.

Chaos magic leaves the practitioner free to establish his/her own ideas of method, ethics and the appropriate uses of magic. It is magic for a liberated free thinker who is able to go beyond the teachings of any book to the outermost reaches of imagination in the creation of one's own magical world.

It is magic based on the concept of the primal creative force itself, a realm of infinite probability. Creative Chaos is a subject most useful to experienced magicians who can determine for themselves the risk factor in the release of powerful spells that work.

While the actual practice of this form of magic is recommended only for the experienced magician, the subject is of interest to anyone who can understand the way the mind can effect our environment.

Chaos Magic is based on natural laws, many of which are only just beginning to be understood by the scientific community. Stripped of superstition and religious bigotry, it is a realm where fact meets theory, and results are the objective.

This is a magical philosophy that transcends tradition and dogma. It is a journey toward results rather than hierarchical megalomania. It is as useful and effective to the individual as it is for a group, and infinitely adaptable to the needs of the many or the few. Any and all methods are allowed and encouraged, the only requirement is that it works.

Chaos Magic is the cutting edge of modern magic. It is on the minds and lips of magic users of all descriptions and in many parts of the world. As we learn more and more about the nature of magic and reality, we are beginning to realize that behind all forms of magic, are the natural laws of Chaos".

Adapted from the introduction of a book by: Jaq D. Hawkins – “Understanding Chaos Magic”, 1996.

In my opinion the book seems to explain Chaos Magic as advocating the premise that "results justify the means" however extreme the method used to achieve those results. I'm not sure I fully agree with this for it’s easy to see how such a premise could be used and abused by those would be practitioners inexperienced with the powers and influences of high end magic. It makes no reference too, nor does it differentiate between good or bad, light or dark, white and black magic. Magic itself as most people seem to agree is inanimate; it’s the person using it that makes all the difference between white and black and the way that it is used. Should however "how magic is achieved as long as the method works", make any difference?


The Church and School of Wicca:

The Church and School of Wicca was founded by Gavin and Yvonne Frost in the early 1970’s, initially as a correspondence School for presenting courses in their own blend magic, sometimes called Celtic Wicca. Much of their course material was later published in their book: The Witches Bible (1972). Originally the book had no mention of the Goddess and contained some extremely disturbing practices relating to the initiation of the “Wicca Child” (i.e. children as young as ten years old), which dismayed many who would otherwise have been drawn to the tradition. While the latter was modified to include mention of the Goddess when the book was re-issued as “The Good Witch's Bible” in (1976), the other business is still cause for contention within the general Wiccan community today.

Seeking legal recognition for the School as a Church and a tax-exempt non-profit organization, on the 31st August 1972 the IRS issued the Church of Wicca with a “Letter of Determination” making it the first legally recognised Wicca Church in America. It also helped to redefine witchcraft in America as a bona-fide religion entitled to all the same benefits and representation as all other religions.

Over time the Frost’s continued to develop the School of Wicca and now offer correspondence courses on such subjects as: Astrology, Celtic Witchcraft, Psychic Development, Tantric Yoga, Healing and Herbs among others, these they continually update to include new trends and wisdom. Through the School they have published America’s longest lasting Wiccan periodical called “Survival”, which today is edited by their daughter Bronwyn. In 1996, Gavin and Yvonne moved to their present location in Hinton, West Virginia.


Circle Sanctuary:

Circle as a craft tradition was founded in 1974 by Selena Fox and Jim Alan, and differs from many other traditions of Wicca in that it blends both old and new forms of Pagan spirituality and folkways with cross-cultural Shamanism and transpersonal psychology. In 1978 Circle was incorporated as a non-profit spiritual centre and was given recognition as a legal Wiccan Church by state and federal governments. Also in 1978 Circle published a newsletter called “Circle Network News”, which by 1998 had expanded into a quarterly magazine format and is one of the oldest Pagan journals to remain in continuous print. Today its headquarters are centred at Circle Sanctuary, a 200-acre Nature reserve and organic herb farm in the rolling hills of Mount Horeb near Madison, Wisconsin.


Covenant of the Goddess (COG):

The Covenant of the Goddess (CoG) is an internationally recognized Wiccan church with an organization of Wiccan clergy, covens and solitaries. The COG was founded in 1975 at Coeden Brith, a wildness sanctuary owned by Alison Harlow and situated on Greenfield Ranch near Ukiah in California. Organized into a cross-traditional federation of over one hundred covens, solitary practitioners, elders and associates, members of the COG have joined together to win recognition for the Craft as a legitimate and legally recognized religion. Incorporated as a non-profit religious organization in California, COG has grown to be an international organization with members throughout the United States, Canada and Overseas.

Decisions of the COG are made at the annual Grand Council meeting or in local “Chapters” that cover major Cities, States or other countries. Coven’s can apply for membership to the COG if they have a cohesive, self-perpetuating group that has been meeting for six months or more. Groups and covens are expected to follow a code of ethics as defined by the COG, in that a coven must have three or more members studying for the priesthood, one of whom is an Elder; and the focus of the group’s ritual and theology is the worship of the Goddess and the Old Gods (or the Goddess alone).

Politically the COG is proactive and have social and professional networking for Education, Legal Assistance, Information and Referrals. They advocate and support Clergy and Elder’s, and perform and give out Handfasting Certificates. The COG Interfaith Network provides representatives for Paganism at World Religious Conferences, and their Children’s services includes the Boy Scouts Of America Paganism merit badge and the “Hart & Crescent Award”. Each year the COG sponsors and holds a National Festival on Labour Day weekend, alternating the festivals sites between the East coast, Midwest and West coast area’s of the United States.


Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS)

The Unitarian Universalist Association (UUA) is a liberal religious denomination formed in 1961 by a merger of the American Unitarian Association and the Universalist Church of America. By the mid-19th century the Unitarians and Universalists held to a similar but separate set of principles, each with a strong emphasis on congregational independence and humanitarian concerns. During the early half of the 1900’s, each began to promote closer cooperation and in 1953 the Council of Liberal Churches was formed bringing together their publishing and educational programs. After a plebiscite in 1959 showed that members in both groups were in favor of complete union, separate denominational meetings ratified a common charter in 1960 and the merger was completed the following year.

The UUA has no official statement of faith and does not require its Ministers or members to subscribe to any particular religion, indeed congregations may include many widely different beliefs and practices. Their headquarters are located in Boston, from where they coordinate Ministers’ Associations, Women’s Federations, Service Committees and Religious Education throughout 23 administrative districts across the U.S.A. and Canada. There are currently some 950 UU Churches with about 172,000 members in the U.S.A., and about 48 Churches and some 6200 members in Canada. The organization holds an annual General Assembly and is associated with the International Association for Liberal Christianity and Religious Freedom.

The Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS) is an independent affiliate of the UUA, and was chartered by them as a liturgical and theological community in 1987, making it the first Pagan organization to be formally accepted into a “mainstream” religion. Membership of CUUPS is open to all UU members and those in sympathy with UU beliefs, purposes and principles. One of the beliefs of the UUA is: “The spiritual teachings of Earth-centered traditions which celebrate the sacred Circle of Life and instructs us to live in harmony with the rhythms of nature”.


Cyber Wicca

Cyber Wicca is less of a tradition of witchcraft in the practical sense of the craft, and more about networking and disseminating information. The Internet is the ultra-modern age of Wicca, and more and more people are turning to it in their quest to practice The Old Religion. It is the ideal medium for the solitary or eclectic practitioner, to learn from and communicate with others in the craft. It is also ideal for those people unable to meet with and practice with others, and indeed for those who for various reasons need to remain anonymous.

There are now many groups on the Internet that take part in live play and group rituals. This is accomplished through synchronized live imagery and the typed word. When you think about it, magick holds no boundaries, a person practicing in England using the same tools, method and intent, synchronized with a person in America, should and now do work together in common magical goals.

Many teaching covens operate on the net, offering no end of courses in varying aspects of the craft. These range from courses on Healing, the use of Herbs & Spices, Stones & Gems, courses on Divination including the use of Tarot cards and Crystal Ball scrying. Some even offer degree courses for certain traditions, and the list goes on.

I would caution readers here, for many people charge for the privilege of learning, nothing wrong in that, but some do so unscrupulously. It’s worth finding out who they are, what they are, and how qualified they are, before paying them anything. Bare in mind what the “Wiccan Rede” tells us:

"When ye have and hold a need, harken not to others greed.

With a fool no season spend, nor be counted as his friend".

There are on the Internet many Chat rooms, News groups and E-mail discussion groups that can be joined where many Wiccans and other like-minded individuals meet, talk and exchange information freely. These are well worth investigating. My own internet E-mail discussion group can be found at:


Dianic Wicca

Dianic Wicca is a relatively new phenomenon in relation to traditional witchcraft, though the goddess Diana has been revered since ancient times. Zsuzsanna Budapest of California founded the tradition in the United States during the 1970’s, and in the early 70’s was arrested and tried for her belief’s.

Dianic Wicca is a feminist religion, for women only. They honour the deities in their feminine aspects only, and never invoke the God or other male aspects into their rituals or sacred spaces. This practice has caused many conflicts and heated discussions amongst its members. Aside from this exclusion of men, they follow the same ritual paths and beliefs as other Wiccan traditions.

Many Dianic members are politically active in the feminist movement, striving to lift the oppression of female rights, and to bring about the equality of the sexes into all walks of life. This is not a requirement of the tradition; its left to the individual to make her own stand and practice her own beliefs.


Eclectic Wicca

An eclectic Wiccan as the term implies doesn’t follow any strict traditional guidelines in their practice of the craft. Eclectic Wicca includes a broad range of groups and individuals who have based their philosophies, rituals and practices on a wide and varied number of sources, and practice only those beliefs that suit them best. They often mix traditions and practices together in order to find that which most suits their own circumstances, lifestyles and religious belief’s, practicing whatever magic they consider obtains best results. This is mostly of modern origin for previously Wiccan traditions had more restricting boundaries.

Eclectic Wicca emphasizes spontaneity and therefore plays down the importance of such concepts as Initiations, Oaths, Tradition and Lineage. Critics claim that the majority of Eclectic practitioners take the position that Wicca is a completely modern religion created by Gerald Gardner, and that the beliefs and practices of Wicca are completely individualistic, therefore nobody can define “Wicca” for others. Many traditional Wiccans object to these groups using the name Wicca, and believe their practice should simply be called Eclectic Witchcraft.


Feri Wicca

The Feri Tradition, (also known as the Faery or Faerie tradition) was founded by Victor and Cora Anderson in the mid-late 1950’s, when they were inspired to form their own tradition after reading a book by Gerald B. Gardner “Witchcraft Today”. Anderson based the tradition on fairy folklore and beliefs and was universally recognized as the Grand Master of the Feri Tradition. In 1959, Anderson initiated Gwydion Pendderwen, and together they were responsible for writing most of the tradition’s rituals, later adding Alexandrian and Celtic influences.

An old African priestess initiated Victor Anderson into Witchcraft in 1926, they practiced a form of Witchcraft with Huna and African influences that was primarily Dahomean-Haitian. Anderson was one of the last genuine Kahuna. Some of these earlier influences he incorporated into the new Feri tradition. After visiting an Alex Sanders coven in England, Pendderwen incorporated material from the Alexandrian Book of Shadows. Today the tradition has evolved and contains of a mixture of Green Wicca, Celtic and Druidic practices as well as modern Witchcraft.

The Feri Tradition honors the Goddess and Her son, brother and lover (The Divine Twins) as the primary creative forces in the universe. The Gods are seen as real spirit beings like ourselves, and not merely aspects of our psyche. The tradition is an ecstatic tradition, rather than a fertility tradition with emphasis on polytheism, practical magic, self-development and theurgy. Strong emphasis is also placed on sensual experience and awareness, including sexual mysticism, which is not limited to heterosexual expression.

This is a mystery tradition of power, mystery, danger, ecstasy, and direct communication with divinity. Most initiates are in the arts and incorporate their own poetry, music and invocations into rituals. The Tradition is gender-equal, and all sexual orientations seem able to find a niche. According to Francesca De Grandis, founder of the 3rd Road branch: “Faerie power is not about a liturgy but about one’s body: a Fey shaman’s blood and bones are made of stars and Faerie dust. A legitimate branch of Faerie is about a personal vision that is the Fey Folks’ gift to a shaman”.

Initially small and secretive, many of the fundamentals of the tradition have now reached a larger audience, mainly through the writings of Starhawk, one of the tradition’s most famous initiate. Some secret branches of the tradition remain, but while only a few hundred initiates can trace their lineage directly back to Victor Anderson; many thousands are estimated to practice neo-Feri Traditions.


Gardnerian Wicca

After the repeal of England’s last antiquated witchcraft laws in 1951, there began a resurgence of interest in the old religion, and witchcraft in particular. Gerald Brosseau Gardner, who later that year became director of the newly opened “Museum of Magic and Witchcraft” in Castletown, Isle of Man, spearheaded this resurgence. Gardner started to establish covens, using the basic ideas and rituals he had written about in his fictional book “High Magic’s Aid”, published in 1949.

In 1953 Gardner initiated into his coven Doreen Valiente. It was Doreen who helped Gardner reshape the structure of his covens, by re-writing and embellishing his “Book of Shadows”, thus establishing a new tradition and calling it Gardnerian Wicca. Both Gardner and Doreen were greatly influenced by the teachings of Charles Godfrey Leland, and in time the tradition took on elements of Italian Witchcraft. The famous “Charge of the Goddess” written by Doreen, was clearly inspired by his work.

Other aspects of the tradition influenced by Leland’s view of Italian Witchcraft are, The full moon gatherings, The worship of the goddess and god consort, The cakes and wine rituals and celebrations, and Ritual nudity.

Today the tradition is mainly coven based, and follows an extremely traditional path with a hierarchical grade structure unsuitable for solitary practice. The Gardnerian covens of today still adhere to the old time values of secrecy, and new initiates are pledged to take oaths upon initiation.


The Georgian Tradition:

The Georgian Tradition of Wicca was founded in California in 1971 by George “Pat” Patterson and two women called Zanoni Silverknife and Lady Tanith. In 1972 the Universal Life Church chartered the Georgians as The Church of Wicca of Bakersfield, then later in 1980 it was reorganised and re-chartered as The Georgian Church.

The Georgian tradition is an eclectic mix of Gardnerian, Alexandrian and British Traditional practices in that it is an initiatory line and oath-bound. Many of the rituals are similar to those published in various books such as the Farrar's Eight Sabbats for Witches and The Witches' Way, as well as the privately distributed version of what was later published as Ed Fitch's Grimoire of the Shadows. The Georgians are God - Goddess oriented and both religious and magical, they also celebrate the eight Sabbats and encouraged members to learn from all available sources.


Hereditary Witchcraft

This refers to those people that can trace Craft practice back on their family tree in an unbroken family tradition passed down through the generations by their ancestors from the ancient Pagan Mysteries, and were taught the secrets of the Craft by a living relative (my mother’s grandmother’s sister’s cousin was a Witch, doesn't count). Many Hereditary Witches do not consider their traditions Wiccan, and some admit that they only use the term Wicca because of what they had read about Gardnerian beliefs and practices, which seemed to fit more or less closely with their own beliefs and practices. Hereditary traditions are also often referred to as FamTrad, or Family Traditionalists i.e. a Tradition that has passed down within the family and hence by hereditary descent.

The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn

The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was originally founded in England in 1888 by Dr. William Wynn Westcott, Dr. W.R. Woodman and S. L. MacGregor Mathers. The Order was based on a cipher manuscript said to have belonged to an old German occult order. Aleister Crowley was perhaps the most well known member of the order, but membership also included such notables as W.B. Yeats and A.E. Waite. During the height of the Orders success in the late 1890’s, it is thought to have possessed the greatest known repository of Western magical knowledge.

The Golden Dawn was very much a Ceremonial Magic Order, providing training instruction on three magical systems: the Key of Solomon; Abra-Melin and Enochian magic. Material was also incorporated from the Egyptian Book of the Dead, William Blake’s Prophetic Books and the Chaldean Oracles. Some of the texts included Christian elements and members circulated various Catholic and Anglican writings and sermons. Instruction was also given in Astral travel, Scrying, Alchemy, Geomancy, the Tarot and Astrology. By 1903 the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn began to break up due to irreparable schisms among its members, and was followed for a number of years by two offshoot Orders, the Stella Matutina and the Alpha et Omega.

In 1933 Israel Regardie, a one-time secretary of Aleister Crowley, joined the Stella Matutina and became an Adept in 1934. Regardie quickly realized the Order was dying a slow death and felt that the leaders were more interested in self-glorification than in understanding and learning from the basic materials. After much soul searching in regard to his Oath of Secrecy, in 1937 Regardie made the decision to publish the Order’s lectures and rituals in his book, The Golden Dawn. By doing so he kept the teachings of the Golden Dawn from being lost forever. While vilified at the time, today Regardie is often credited with keeping the traditional teachings of the Golden Dawn alive, by insuring that anyone who is interested has access to it.

One of Regardie’s primary objectives had been to preserve the teachings of the Golden Dawn, but he also set himself another task. As an Adept of the Golden Dawn, he felt it was down to him to bring a valid branch of the initiatory lineage of the Order to America. He waited patiently for four decades before he was able to achieve his goal. A couple in Georgia were inspired to build a Rosicrucian Vault, the powerful ritual chamber required to pass-on the Adept Initiation. At the same time two magicians (one on the east coast of the United States and one on the west coast), unknown to each other or to the Georgia couple, came to be ready to receive that Initiation. Regardie was the connecting link between them, and using his title and order motto A. M. A. G., he had the right to confer the Initiation in such a Vault. In one remarkable weekend, Regardie presided over two Initiations into the Inner Order, the first and the last that he ever performed, and with the following oath repeated by the initiates, the Lamp of the Keryx passed into American hands:

“I further promise and swear that with the Divine Permission, I will from this day forward, apply myself to the Great Work, which is: to purify and exalt my Spiritual Nature so that with the Divine Aid I may at length attain to be more than human, and thus gradually raise and unite to my Higher and Divine Genius, and that in this event I will not abuse the great power entrusted to me”.

The American Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) in its present form was founded in Columbus, Georgia in 1977. Since then the H.O.G.D. has continued to grow and in 1988 was incorporated as a non-profit organization by Charles "Chic" Cicero in Florida. The function of the H.O.G.D. today is the advancement of philosophical and spiritual education, while continuing to preserve that body of knowledge known as Hermetism or the Western Esoteric Tradition.

The modern H.O.G.D. follows the traditional hierarchical structure of the original Golden Dawn of England, with a ruling triad of Officers known as the “G.H. Chiefs” who govern both the First or Outer Order as well as the Second or Inner Order (known as the Ordo Rosae Rubeae et Aureae Crucis or the RR et AC). The H.O.G.D. also follows the traditional teachings, grade structure and ethos as the original Order. Although it currently has a worldwide membership with temples in several countries, it remains rather private and membership is by invitation only.

The H.O.G.D. system of magic is designed to teach its students both abstract esoteric concepts as well as the more practical applications of Ceremonial Magic. Egyptian, Judeo-Christian, Greek, Gnostic, Rosicrucian and Masonic elements can all be found within the teachings of the H.O.G.D. The curriculum includes the study of Kabalah, Astrology, Divination, Alchemy, Egyptian magic, Scrying and Enochian magic.


Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch)

The traditional British Witch, a Kitchen Witch is a person that practices from home by hearth and concentrates on the practical side of religion, magick, earth mysteries and the elements. Normally he or she is a solitary practitioner and does not belong to a coven or particular tradition, relying instead on self-study, personal discernment, and intuition. In many ways the Kitchen Witch is akin to the old village Witch who lived a solitary life but was called upon for spells and healing potions by the local folk.

The Kitchen Witch commonly works with a familiar spirit, and incorporates the use of herbs, trance, and shamanic techniques such as drumming to induce altered states of consciousness. It’s a more convenient form of practice for those who have limited space and resources like today’s suburban and busy professional city witches. Their focus is on practicality, the use of magick in the home and in the workplace with convenient rituals that include readily available ingredients available at short notice, and on a tight budget.

The Kitchen Witch is usually very involved with working for the ecology of the planet, and tries to use only natural objects and materials for ritual and magical purposes.

Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition

The Minoan Brotherhood, a Gay Men’s tradition of Witchcraft was established in New York by the late Lord Gwydion (Eddie Buczynski), a classical scholar, a Gardnerian Elder and a founder of the New York Welsh tradition in the mid 1970's. At about the same time, Carol Bulzone (Lady Miw) of the Enchantments Occult shop in New York and Lady Rhea of the Magickal Realms Occult shop in the Bronx established the Minoan Sisterhood, a similar but Gay Woman’s tradition of Witchcraft. The Minoan tradition consists of three branches, the Minoan Brotherhood (gay men) the Minoan Sisterhood (gay women) and the Cult of the Double Axe/Cult of Rhea (gay men and women).

The initial mother coven of the tradition, of the Minoan Brotherhood was called Knossos Grove, and was founded by Eddie Buczynski in New York in 1975, from where it quickly spread across North America. The Minoan Sisterhood branch founded later by Lady Miw for women was based on the same initial research and teaching of Eddie Buczynski and his work with Cretan god forms and mythology. While the sisterhood branch grew quickly from its beginnings, it remained largely confined to the New York area of North America. The Cult of the Double Axe/Cult of Rhea brings the other two branches together on mutual ground, but to be a member of the Cult of the Double Axe/Cult of Rhea, one needs to be a properly initiated member of either of the other two branches, the Cult having no initiations or elevations of its own.

The Minoan Brotherhood and Sisterhood branches remain exclusively for Gay men and women to explore traditional ritual Witchcraft, rituals that foster a similar, though Gay, sexual mysticism and sense of personal empowerment, as do other traditional traditions of Wicca and Witchcraft. As the founder Eddie Buczynski was a Gardnerian initiate, the Minoan rituals are roughly Gardnerian, with changes to accommodate a different core mythology and ritual custom. Imagery and deities are those of Ancient Crete and Mycenae, but their working tools and uses are virtually identical to those of British traditional Wicca.


Nordic Paganism

Nordic Paganism includes those traditions that worship the Norse pantheon of deities and stress conservative values of honour, honesty, courage and duty to one’s family, kith and kin. In the 1970’s a number of Norse Pagan groups sprang into existence almost simultaneously and independently of one another in America, England and Iceland. Many adherents to Norse Paganism are attracted by the emphasis on blood ties and genetics, the warrior ethic and Norse symbology. Norse Pagans recognize both branches of the Norse pantheon, the Aesir (e.g. Odin, Thor, Tiu and Balder) and the Vanir (e.g. Njord, Frey, and Freya).

Norse festivals centre on the seasonal equinoxes and solstices, and holidays such as Ragnar’s Day. Heavier emphasis is placed on skill mastery and shamanism than on magick and meditation. There are a few extreme right-wing Norse Pagan groups who believe they have founded a religion upon the Aryan race; and while some do include neo-Nazis, most Norse Pagans consider these people a fringe element not connected to their religion. Norse traditions are also known as Teutonic traditions.


The Pagan Federation:

The Pagan Federation (UK) is the leading organization supporting Paganism in the U.K., and founded in 1971 to provide information on Paganism by countering the many misconceptions about the religion. The Federation works for the rights of Pagans to worship freely without censure as decreed in “Article 18” of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states:

“Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public and in private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance”.

The Pagan Federation publishes a quarterly magazine called the “Pagan Dawn”, formerly known as “The Wiccan”, an influential periodical founded in 1968 by one of the Federations founding members, the late “John Score”. Under his guidance in the late 60’s, the Wiccan rose to prominence in both Britain and the United States as one of the worlds leading journals on Paganism. In collaboration with groups from Britain and the US, Score then played a key role in the formation of the “Pagan Way” in America, and in 1971 its counter part in Britain the “Pagan Front”. The Pagan Front however, evolved separately from the Pagan Way, and eventually changed its name to the Pagan Federation. The Wiccan remained the means of dissemination for the Pagan Front/Federation, before changing its name to the Pagan Dawn.

Through-out the year, the Pagan Federation sponsors and arranges private (members-only) meetings, as well as public orientated events up and down the country. The highlight of these events is the Annual Conference held normally in November, which attracts an international gathering. The aim of the Federation is to provide information and contact between Pagan groups and genuine seekers of the Old Religion. To promote contact and dialogue between the various branches of Paganism in Britain and Europe, as well as other Pagan organizations world-wide, and to provide practical support and effective information to members of the public, the media, public bodies and government administrations.

The Three Principles of the Pagan Federation are:

Love for and Kinship with Nature. Reverence for the life force and its ever-renewing cycles of life and death.

The Pagan Ethic: “If it harms none, do what thou wilt”. This is a positive morality expressing the belief in individual responsibility for discovering one's own true nature and developing it fully, in harmony with the outer world and community.

Recognition of the Divine, which transcends gender by acknowledging both the female and male aspect of Deity.

Membership to the Federation is restricted to persons over the age of 18 years, who agree with the above Three Principles.



Pecti-Wita is presumed an old hereditary Scottish tradition that first came to the attention of the general public when mentioned by Raymond Buckland in his book: “Buckland’s Complete Book of Witchcraft” (Llewellyn Publications – 1986). In his book, Buckland detailed many different varieties of Wicca and such was the response he received for more information, he later published full details in another book: “Scottish Witchcraft: The History and Magick of the Picks” (Llewellyn Publications – 1991). The information in his book was supposedly provided by a Wiccan teacher Aidan Breac (1897 – 1989).

Breac was a Scottish Highlander, born and raised into a hereditary Craft family on an island off the northwest coast of Scotland. He was a descendant of the Carnonacae tribe of the Picts who lived in the northwest of what is now Ross and Cromarty Counties. Breac, a family man but without children for the last thirty years of his life, devoted himself to teaching the Pecti Wita tradition to others.

Pecti Wita is different from many other forms of Wicca, in that it is a solitary tradition. It doesn’t practice circle consecration, or the formalized rituals of most other Wiccan traditions. The basic tools of the Pecti Witan is the dirk and staff, and rather than casting a circle, he or she simply “centers” themselves. Magick is very much a part of the tradition and there are some celebrations of the seasons namely at Samhuinn, Feill-Fionnain, Bealltainn, and Feill-Sheathain. Healing is also an important part of this tradition as is herbal lore and divination.

Pecti Wita is perhaps closer to the traditional “Kitchen Witch” of the British Isles than to the more formalized traditions of Wicca. Until it was made public by Buckland, Pecti Wita was found mainly in Scotland and parts of Canada, but in recent years has expanded and is now practiced in many other parts of the world.


After much debate about Pecti Wita on several British e-mail lists. I have found that the vast majority of Scottish Witches I have spoken too rubbish and reject all claims made by Raymond Buckland about Pecti Witta as a made up figment of his imagination similar to his Seax-Wica. They point out that nobody to-date has been able to confirm the existence of an "Aidan Breac" and no records of a birth certificate has ever been found or materialized?



Seax-Wica was the inspiration of Raymond Buckland. In 1973 fed-up with the egotism and power trips exhibited by others within the craft, he decided to leave the Gardnerian tradition feeling it no longer met his religious needs. He developed and founded Seax-Wica as a new tradition at Samhain that same year. While he claimed no direct descent from Saxon times, he chose a Saxon background as a foundation for the new tradition with "Woden and Freya" as its main deities.

After his experiences in other traditions, Buckland determined to make Seax-Wicca more open and democratic. There are no degree structure and no oath of secrecy, and to alleviate any possibility of the abuse of power, the priesthood is chosen democratically by the coven members. Priests and priestesses are elected annually to serve for a year and a day only, after which new leaders may be elected. It is possible however for leaders to continue for more than one term, if acknowledged by the coven as being good leaders. The coven can be lead by either a priest or priestess, or by both acting together, in which case neither is regarded superior to the other.

In the Saxon tradition, non-initiates, or cowans, are referred to as Theows (pronounced thoe) and are permitted to attend ritual meetings by invitation. A neophyte training to enter a coven is known as a Ceorl (pronounced cawl), and once initiated becomes a Gesith. As there is no degree structure for further advancement all Saxon Wiccans are known as Gesiths. Once Gesith has been attained, he or she may break away and form a new coven, or start their own coven by doing a simple self-dedication rite before initiating others to join them. The Book of Shadows is called The Tree, and is usually bound in a green cover.

Buckland was known as the Faeder, or Founder/Father of Seax-Wica and for many years ran a correspondence course for the tradition, believing that individuals unable to join or contact a coven should not be excluded. As a result, Seax-Wica is now a worldwide tradition with covens operating in such places as Japan, Russia, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and all across England, Europe and the United States. In 1993 at Lughnasadh, Buckland decided to retire from active participation in the Craft, and handed the leadership of the tradition on to an ex-student, Michael B. Smith. As the new leader, Smith has re-started the tradition’s correspondence course, which is available from Crowhaven House, P.O. Box 4202, New York, NY 10163.



Shamanism is a religion that blends Witchcraft with the magical beliefs of African and Native American tribal societies. Rituals and practices are designed to connect individuals to the divine through contact with the spirit world. Through communication with the spirits, the Shaman can work acts of healing, divination, and magic - revealing by way of vision, poetry, and myth the deeper reaches of the human spirit.

According to archaeological and ethnological evidence, shamanism has been practiced for some 20,000 to 30,000 years. It has been found all over the world including remote parts of the Americas, Siberia, Asia, Australia, Northern Europe and Africa. Selena Fox founded the modern Wiccan style of shamanism under the banner of Circle Sanctuary, which is an interfaith blend of Wicca made up from cross-cultural shamanic practices and transpersonal psychology.

To achieve or induce the required mental state of consciousness to perform his or her work, drumming, chanting, and the use of rattles are normally employed. However shamanism is also one of the few Wicca traditions to accept and permit the use of hallucinogens to achieve this altered state. Once achieved the primary focus of the shaman is to heal mentally, emotionally, and physically. To do this the shaman must first have acquired a guardian spirit, the source of his spiritual power. Guardian spirits may appear to the shaman in differing guises such as power animals, tutelary spirits, totemic animals, or familiars.

The most common method of discovering and connecting with the guardian spirit is a solitary all night vigil outside, preferably in some quiet remote place. The guardian spirit will usually manifest itself as an animal, bird, fish, or reptile, but can also appear in human form. It is both beneficent and beneficial and will bring to the shaman the power of an entire species. Once it has appeared the shaman invites the spirit into his own body where it protects him from illness and unfriendly forces while he or she is in an altered state. Healing, divination and other works of magic can now be performed.

Pagan and Wiccan shamanism fosters a close connection with earth issues, and plays a leading role in the environmental and ecological interests of many individuals. It also plays a significant role in the creation of alternative healing therapies especially tailored to Pagan and Wiccan spirituality.



Solitary practitioners are individuals preferring to work in private rather than within the confines of a group or coven. Some practice and study a particular single tradition, while others, like the Eclectic Wiccan pick, choose and blend different traditions. Wicca with its diverse number of traditions works well with this sort of practice, and Solitary working can be as fulfilling as working in a group setting. Because of its solitary nature and without clear guidance, it does involve a deal of self-study and determination to achieve results. Solitary Wiccans often undertake a ritual of self-initiation to dedicate themselves to the Goddess and God.


Strega is the Italian word for a witch, a practitioner of the Italian-American traditions of witchcraft called Stregheria. Stregheria is the Italian word for the religion of Witches, and Sregoneria the magickal practice of Witches. Italian Witchcraft is one of the oldest forms of European Witchcraft that can be documented through historical and literary references, and is perhaps second only to Greek Witchcraft, which was first mentioned by Homer and Hesiod (circa - eighth century B.C.). Some of the earliest historical references to Italian Witches date from around 30 B.C., in the writings of the Roman poet Horace.

Although his depiction of Witches is less than kind, Horace ascribes to them the power to draw down the moon from the sky. He also notes that they worshiped Diana and Proserpina in secret ceremonies at night, and speaks of a Witches book of incantations called the “Libros Carminum”, the Book of Charms. Other writers of this era such as Ovid and Lucan also note the worship of Hecate, Proserpina, and Diana by Italian Witches.

Italian Witchcraft differs from region to region. Those traditions originating in the north tend to be rooted in the ancient Erruscan religion. Those in central Italy often contain a mixture of medieval magick with Italic Paganism, while those in southern Italy retain the more rural forms of Witchcraft. Sicilian Witchcraft is probably one of the least altered forms of original Witchcraft due to its relatively insular nature as an island.

One of the most influential writers on Italian Witchcraft was Charles G. Leland, his book “Aradia: Gospel of the Witches” is one of the most influential works to affect and influence modern day Wicca and Witchcraft. Both Gerald Gardner and Doreen Valiente were greatly influenced by his teachings and in time the Gardnerian tradition took on many elements of Italian Witchcraft. The famous “Charge of the Goddess” written by Doreen was clearly inspired by his work. Other aspects include: The full moon gatherings, worship of the goddess and god consort, cakes and wine after rituals and celebrations, and Ritual nudity.

One of the early proponents of Italian witchcraft in America was Dr. Leo Louis Martello, who on the 26th of September 1951 was initiated into his cousin’s secret Sicilian coven. His initiation involved a blood-letting oath never to reveal the secrets of the coven, its members or any of their secret teachings. Later together with Lori Bruno another hereditary witch, they founded the Trinacrian Rose one of the first Italian-American covens in the United States.


The Sylvan Tradition

The Sylvan tradition began in the 1970’s in Northern California and incorporates some of the working practices of the Feri Wicca tradition formed by Victor and Cora Anderson. This tradition is a magic working earth-based tradition that considers Witchcraft not as a religion with rules and doctrines, but as a Craft tradition and way of life. It celebrates diverse viewpoints and believes in no set dogma, but has a working approach that meets its member’s needs.

The tradition teaches that the earth is sacred in itself, and as such its members generally do not exorcise or banish negative energy from an area before raising a Circle, nor do they feel a need to guard it. Most of the traditions members believe that no dark or negative energy can coexist in the circle with the elements, Goddess, God and fey, whom they invite into the circle as the ritual begins. Similarly because the elements can be found in all directions, they do not link the elements to directions. Likewise, as they believe the elements are already present, they do not invoke them during ritual but rather call them to join the circle and aid its members. During ritual they work with the fey, including the elementals and devas, in part because everything is asked to aid the magick.

The tradition is named Sylvan meaning “of the forest”, to honour the connection to all seen and unseen forest things including trees, which the tradition considers the most balanced beings in nature. The forest is also the home of the fey (the middle agents between members and Nature) who help all stay in harmony with Nature. Part of the tradition is consideration for the earth.

Though some Sylvan rites are repeated, most are created by members in honor of a particular sabbat or esbat, or to achieve a particular magical goal. During ritual, and in contrast with many traditional Wiccan rituals, the High Priestess or Priest cuts the circle widdershins to acknowledge existing chaos and to take the circle out of mundane time and space transporting it and its participants into magical space.


Vodoun or Voodoo:

Vodoun or Voodoo is a blending of worship to the traditional Catholic saints and the Gods (loas) of Africa, for example a Vodoun practitioner could be preying for the intercession of St. Patrick and really be calling on their serpent God, Danbhalah-Wedo. Vodoun worshippers believe that the work of the loas appears in every facet of daily life and that pleasing the loas will gain the faithful health, wealth and spiritual contentment. The loas speak to their devotees through spirit possession, but only during ceremonies when they are called upon to protect, punish or confer skills such as prophesy, curing illness, exorcising spirits, giving counsel, assisting in rituals and take sacrificial offerings. The priest (a houngan) or priestess (a mambo) acts as an intermediary to summon the loa, and helps the loa to depart when his or her business is finished. Magic for both good and bad purposes is an integral part of Vodoun, bad is considered merely the mirror image of good, and the magic of the loas is therefore used to affect both.


The Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA):

WLPA is an international educational organization founded in 1986 by Laurie Cabot and Christine Dumas to protest the filming of John Updike’s novel, The Witches of Eastwick. The novel is a story about three witches and their involvement with the devil, which Cabot and Dumas considered a gross misrepresentation of the Craft. WLPA networks with other major groups of witches from all around the world, and with the American Civil Liberties Union in regard to religious freedom in efforts to end prejudice and bigotry against Witches and Witchcraft. WLPA does not handle individual discrimination cases.


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I find writing quarter calls to be one of my favorite part of creating a ritual. These are calls I've gathered, adapted, and written over the years.

The Watchers and the


Know the history of the

Watchers and Watchtowers and why they are called upon in circle. If you don't

know their purpose, why call?

Early History

They are considered an

old race who have gone past the need for physical bodies. Some claim they are

light. There are legends that say they came from the stars. They are the ones

known as the Watchers. It is claimed that each of the four Watchers reigns over

one of the four directions of the circle.

There were star cults in

Mesopotamia around 3000 bce. One of the beliefs of these cults was that there

were four major stars, each ruling over one of the four cardinal points. These

stars where known as "Lords" or "Watchers."

The Watcher of the East was

the star Aldebaran.This star marked the time of the Vernal Equinox. The Watcher

of the South was Regulus, marking the time of the Summer Solstice. Marking the

Autumnal Equinox was Antares, Watcher of the West. The North Watcher was the

marker of Winter Solstice, Foralhaut.

Actual towers, called Ziggurats

(cosmic mountains) were built as a form of worship. Each tower bore the symbols

of the Watchers. During ritual celebrations the symbols were traced in the air

with torch flames or wands, and the Watchers names were called.


Watchers were thought of as gods that guarded the heavens and earth. Lunar and

Solar cults eventually replaced the Star cults.

The Watchers became the

gods of the four winds to the Greeks. The Christians took them over as "guardian


The Hebrews taught that all angels, known to them as Watchers,

were ruled by four "higher" angels. They became the "Archangels" to the


John Dee 1527-1608 and Edward Kelly 1555-1597 and Enochian


It is said Edward Kelly was a seer and alchemist, and John Dee was

a sage. Kelly "received messages" from a group of beings of the spirit who

claimed they were the same who had instructed Enoch. As Kelly received these

messages, Dee wrote them down. His writings now compose the magickal system

known as Enochian Magic. It is a system of angel magic influenced by

Judeo-Christian beliefs.

The doctrine of Enoch is mathematical.

According to Dee and Kelly, there are 49 tables of large number and letter

squares. There are 48 Gates of Understanding, one gate can not be opened. The 49

tables has 49 rows by 49 columns. The directions of the angels, known as the

Enochian Keys, were extracted from these charts.

There are 48 "Calls" or

"Keys" that open the gates of these "astral residences." These are symbolically

represented by a large letter square. It is divided into four parts by a large

cross, called "The Black Cross" by Dee (he had colored it black in his

manuscript.) This large square of letters is called "The Great Table."

This table is divided into four quadrants. These four quadrants are

called the Watchtowers. You are able to access 12 astral cities through each

Watchtower. The Watchers are the angels who live in these astral cities. In

order for the angels to leave their cities and enter human consciousness the

gates to the Watchtowers must be opened. Each city is represented in the table

by a set of letters in numerical and geometric pattern.

The four

Watchtowers guard the 4 extremities of the universe. These Watchtowers are said

to have been formed at the time Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of


The Watchtowers contain all human knowledge and command the

elemental spirits. They are said to also have the power of the transformation of

things. They hold the secrets to all of mankind.

Modern Use of the


The Modern use of Watchtower Elementals is said to be

derived from the works of Dr. John Dee and Edward Kelly.

It is also said

that Aleister Crowley introduced Gerald Gardner to the Elementals (see below),

who then wrote them into his own work.

Many Wicca systems have their own

versions of the Watchtowers and Watchers. Some see the Watchers as demi-gods,

spiritual teachers, cosmic intelligence or beings composed of light. In some

eclectic solitary systems, they may not be used at all.

The Watchers are

known as Lords, Elemental Rulers or Guardians of the Elements, Earth, Air, Fire

and Water. These Elements are said to be populated by Elementals, a type of

spiritual creature. The Gnomes populate the Element of Earth and are seen as

"Little People" or green light. They are the givers of stability and material

gain. They also protect circles cast outdoors. Sylphs are of the Air and are

seen as fairies or white light. They hold the keys to knowledge, dreams and

wishes, and are protectors of magickal applications. The salamanders inhabit the

Element of Fire and may be seen as dragons or lizards. They are protectors of

the home or business. Undines, the Elementals of Water, may be "merpeople",

sirens, or pink light. Undines are protectors of the gates of death and karma.

It is taught in some systems of magick that there are two sets of

portals in a magick circle. Picture a circle within a circle. The inner circle

contains Portals of the Elementals at the East, South, West and North. The outer

circle contains the Portals of the Watchers, also known as Astral Portals. The

corridor between the circles is known as "The World Between the Worlds." Some

are taught that this dimension must exist for ritual and/or magickal energies to

flow between the Worlds. The Elemental Portals represent the point of access to

the Elemental Plane which exists between the Physical and Non-Physical, or

Astral, Dimensions. The Elemental Rulers guard the Portals between this World

and the Astral.

Some consider it a circle within a square, with the

Watchtowers at the outer corners.

The Watchers are said to guard the

direct access to the Astral Plane. Each Watcher has its own Watchtower. It is

taught they have the power to cancel your magick.

GreyWing does not

agree with the above teaching. She does not use the Watchers, nor does she think

they are necessary, but that is her opinion. She does call on the powers of the

Directions. If a spell has not worked she feels it is not right to say "The

Watchers were against my working." It is more likely that you were unsure of

what you were doing, and your subconscious overrode your intended outcome. The

mind is a powerful thing, conscious and subconscious.

There are magickal

gestures to announce that a magickal rite will be performed. Such a gesture is

the drawing in the air of a Pentagram. These gestures, along with tools and

clothing such as robes, are to get you into the proper frame of mind for

magickal work, a signal to let your subconscious mind that something special is

about to happen.

The Watchers may be called upon to guard the Circle and

witness the ritual to be performed. Every time you perform a spell you are

sending out strong vibrations to the entire universe. No matter how good your

intentions are, you may be at risk when you work a spell. For this reason some

witches call upon the Watchers for protection. If in your self-initiation ritual

you called on a Watcher to be with you, he/she will always watch and aid you in

future magickal endeavors, if you so choose. They may also assist in a Wiccan's

spiritual growth, but that too, in GreyWing's opinion, is actually in your own

hands. If you are not ready, your mind will drift, letting you know the time is

not right for you.

Every time you perform a spell you use the essences

of the four elements, earth, air, fire and water. For example, candle magick

uses Fire and Air.

It is important to know what each element means when

you call on them. What do you mean by Air? You have to know which manifestation

of Air you need for your working. This needs to be decided before you begin your

circle so that the aspect of the element you wish to call is correct for what

you are doing.

Will you choose the Watchers or not? It is for you to


"the Fathers of the beginning,.. .the Mothers, the Spirits who

were before the first spirit..." (Aradia-Gospel of the Witches)

For more information, look for books on Enochian Magick.

© AutumnCrystal GreyWing, 1998

"Great Table" from Enochian

Magic for Beginners by Donald Tyson

"Quick" Quarters


I summon the forces of Air.

Blow out the old and bring in the new on your winds of change.


I summon the forces of Fire.

Burn away my regrets and shine your gentle rays on me for growth.


I summon the forces of Water.

Cleanse me of all negativity and purify my thoughts.


I summon the forces of Earth.

Let your strength bury all ills, and open new paths before me!

Four Winds Quarters


Wind from the Realms of the Dawn

Breath of Knowledge and Vitality

Come to the circle -

Be with us this night,

to guard us, and give us your blessing.


Wind from the Realms of Eternal Flame

Breath of Passion and Inspiration,

Come to the circle -

Be with us this night, to guard us and give us your blessing;


Wind from the Realms of the Ocean's Heart

Breath of Empathy and Intuition,

Come to the circle -

Be with us this night,

to guard us, and give us your blessing.


Wind from the Realms of the Mountain's Heart

Breath of Healing and Wisdom,

Come to the circle -

Be with us this night,

to guard us and give us your blessing.

Dragon Quarter Calls

Use your own dragon names here, if you can.


{Name}, Guardian of the Realms of the East; your tongue is a sharp sword,

cutting with knowledge of the arcane. Your spirit flows as swift as the

arctic gale. Purify us with wisdom, and watch over us. Welcome, and

blessed be.


{Name}, Guardian of the Realms of the South; your breath is aflame with

inspiration and passion. Your spirit is searing and fiery. Purify us with

love, and watch over us. Welcome, and blessed be.


{Name}, Guardian of the Realms of the West; your wings sweep the

cleansing, healing waves that nurture the soul. Your spirit leaps with

laughter and joy. Purify us with calm and watch over me. Welcome, and

blessed be.


{Name}, Guardian of the Realms of the North; your talons run like roots

into the Earth, giving infinite strength. Your spirit is hard and pure as

a clear crystal. Purify us with truth, and watch over us. Welcome, and

blessed be.

Elemental Quarter Calls


Eastern Ones!

Lend me your presence and your power,

Give me clarity, vision and swift thought.

Wind and cloud, tall mountain's heights,

Blue horizon, morning's light.

Be with me now, Creatures of Air.


Southern Ones!

Lend me your presence and your power,

Give me inspiration, energy and love.

Bonfire, beacon burning bright,

Embers rich, wild lightining's strike.

Be with me now, Creatures of Fire.


Western Ones!

Lend me your presence and your power,

Give me intuition, wisdom, and empathy.

Green-hearted lake, a river wide,

Rainfall's jewels, ocean tide.

Be with me now, Creatures of Water.


Northern Ones!

Lend me your presence and your power,

Give me protection, grounding and sense.

Hill and dale, deep cove, old bone,

Fertile field and soil and stone.

Be with me now, Creatures of Earth.

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Why Do Witches Cast Circles?

The purpose of casting a circle is to create a safe, sacred space in between worlds for Witches to do their magickal workings. When casting it, you are also doing so to prevent any negative energy, spirits, or other nasty little entities who want to meddle in your magickal workings, from being able to enter it. And trust me, they're real, and they can really screw up a spell if you don't cast your circle properly. And if you're careless in your workings, these nasties can slip through your circle, and take up residence in your home. With that in mind, please take great care when casting & releasing your circle.

As always, the key to creating a strong circle is your personal power, and using your visualization skills so you can actually see the circle. When you cast a circle it is not just a round space on the floor. It is like a bubble that rises high above you, and below your floor. The energy of circles can be so strong that dowsing rods can even detect them.

While some books say a circle must be 9 feet round, they never say why. So I say do what feels right for you, and make it as big or small as you wish. Just make sure the circle is large enough to contain your altar, magickal supplies, and be able to walk around without hitting the edge. If you live in a place where this isn't possible, for example, you can't move your altar from against the wall, or other location, make the entire room into a circle. You are free to visualize what your circle looks like. I visualize a big bubble and see a circle of flames surrounding it. Depending on the spell or ritual, I may visualize the flames in different colours. For example, I'd see a pink fire if doing a love spell, a green fire for a money spell, and blood red when doing high magick like lifting hexes and curses. For everyday things I find a blue flame very helpful for some reason.

Can I Leave The Circle Once It's Cast?

Leaving a circle once it's cast is highly frowned upon as it can give negative energies a chance to get in while you're going out and back in, but you can do it...if you must! Don't just go wandering out as though the circle isn't even there or all heck can break loose. If you are smart, and using the salt water string method I'm about to teach you, you can over lap the string at the ends and just open it enough for you to quickly slip out, and slip back in again. If you cast a circle without using a cord or string, then use your athame, wand, or finger to 'cut' a door. Go through it and seal it. Come back and do the same thing.

Some Witches choose to fast on the day they perform magick so the body is focused on your magick instead of digesting. If you can do that, go a head, if not, try to eat light meals, and don't eat at least two and a half hours before you perform a spell or ritual.

Why do you have to do so many things to cast a circle?

The reason is to get your subconsious, and consious mind in the proper state, in order to perform what ever spell or ritual you're going to do. If you just walk up to your altar, dirty, in the clothing you wore to work, possibly carrying negative energies you picked up from other people, light a few candles and read something, do you really think it would amount to anything? Of course not! You aren't putting any effort into it. And your effort is the most important thing in any spell or ritual. It is most important especially when it comes to beginners, who are new to all of this. Who haven't yet felt the cone of power one builds in their magickal circle, or the fact that after a while, you can litterally feel if you get too close to the end of the circle. All these actions add power and substance to your magickal workings, so don't try to cut corners or rush through the process. Once you have cast circles enough times, it won't feel like so much to do. You will get used to it, as well as the feelings and energies you feel within yourself and your circle.

The first thing you need to do is gather all the materials you need to use in your spell or ritual and place them on your altar. The most common items are as follows:

Reading or 'Iluminator' candle (so you can see what you're reading) Any colour is fine.

The paper you wrote your spell or ritual on. But it's best to get into the habit of being able to do an entire spell from memory.

Presence candle/s (for any Goddesses, Gods, or other Deities) you are going to invite, invoke, or work with.

4 candles for summoning watchtowers, or elements North, Earth (green), South, Fire (red), East, Air (yellow) & West, Water (blue), elementals (personifications of the elements), dragons, angels, or what ever you feel most comfortable with. Don't have the right colour candles? Just use whatever ones you have on hand. Tea candles work quite well.

Compass - So you know exactly wear all the directions are to place your element candles.

Cord, string, yarn etc; to outline your circle (optional)

Bell - Don't have one? Just clap your hands.

Lighter or matches.

Candle snuffer (optional).

Athame - Don't have one? Just use the index finger of your 'power' hand (the one you write with).

Chalice or cup (to place your ale in).

Ale (wine or any non alcoholic beverage except water, for those who don't drink alcohol).

Plate of cakes (a couple of muffins, cookies, or other pastry).

Offering bowl. To add a bit of cakes and ale as an offering to the deities you're working with.

Pentacle - Don't have one? Draw one on a piece of paper.

Incense suitable for whatever spell or ritual you're performing, and holder.

Small bowl of very warm water.

Small bowl of salt.

Wand - Don't have one? Like the athame, just use the index finger of your 'power' hand.

Next it's time to perform some form of personal cleansing to rid yourself of dirt and negative energies that have attached themselfs onto you during the day, and get you in the mood for your spell or ritual. Traditionally that means taking a bath. Preferably a luxurious one, complete with candles, bath salts, bubble bath, or any herbal mixture you made for the occasion. If you can't bathe, take a shower. If for some reason you can't do either, than thoroughly wash your hands and face. But don't do it just to get it done faster. The point of these things is to send a signal to your unconsious mind, that it's time to do some magick.

It is traditional to perform spells or rituals sky clad (nude), but if you can't, wear any clothing and jewelry that makes you feel magickal, like a ritual robe or everyday clean, comfortable clothes. As long as you only use them for doing magick.

Close the drapes, unplug the phone, turn off your cell phone, lock and put a "Do Not Disturb" sign on your door, and make absolutely sure you will not be disturbed by anyone, including children and pets. Don't forget to use the washroom, even if you don't feel like you need to. This will prevent you from having to leave the circle during the ceramony.

Now it's time to begin casting the circle.

First, sweep the circle clean to rid the area of any negative energies. As you do so, think of some kind of chant to say as you sweep. Just a simple saying like "Sweep, sweep, sweep away, any negativity here today." is fine. Just think of your own chant. That one's mine .

Place your element candles in the 4 directions, North, East, South and West. This is where your compass comes in very handy.

Ring your bell 3 times, or clap your hands 3 times to signal the beginning of the spell or ritual.

Moving deosil pronounced Jes-ul (clockwise), begin by outlining the circle with your cord or string making sure to include your altar and all your materials inside. Make sure you have plenty of room to move around. If you don''t want to use a cord, just use your wand or athame to outline the circle. But I find it best, especially for beginners, to be able to actually see the circle. If possible, outline it with salt or sand.

Depending on what book you read, the author will suggest beginning in one of the 4 directions. As North represents the Gods and Mother Earth, and is the direction of the element (Earth), I feel the biggest connection to, I choose to start in that direction. You should start in whatever direction feels right to you, and if you can't decide, then just start in the direction your altar is facing.

Using your athame, slowly trace the circle in the air while visualizing a coloured flame emanating from your body, down your arm and into your athame and around the circle. As you trace the circle visualize a protective bubble growing around, above and below you.

Making Holy Water

Use the tip of your athame to put 3 scoops of salt into the bowl of water, and mix it until the salt dissolves (that's why I suggest using warm/hot water. It makes the salt dissolve faster). Stand up and raise your athame high into the air with both hands, and slowly lower it down to the water. Feel a trickle of the energy you got from the earth flow through your arms and through the athame in the water and say " Creature of water, by my will, the power of the Ancients, I purify you for the purpose of this sacred ritual/spell. Visualize the water glowing with power and say "It is done, so Mote it be!" Raise your athame high once again, and slowly lower it into the water and say: "Creature of salt, by my will, with the power of the Ancients, I consecrate you for the pupose of this sacred ritual/spell. It is done, so mote it be!'

In a deosil direction, beginning in the North, take the bowl of salt water and go around the circle dipping your hand in the mixture, and spraying it around the circle, making sure some gets on the string you used to outline the circle, as well as flicking it upward, downward, and if you wish, a touch on your altar (don't flick water near electrical objects!). For whatever reason, salt is like poison to negative energies and entities. This process will keep out any negativity, and keep the power you're going to raise (often referred to as the "cone of power", inside the circle until you release it into the ethers to do your bidding.

Another way you can do this is to add the salt to the water and just put the entire string in the water, and squeeze out the loose salt water, so you have enough to spray around, up & down.

Now it's time to invoke the 4 elements. Take your pentacle, athame, or finger, and face it outwards as you begin invoking them.

Invoking and Banishing Pentacles:

In casting a circle, many Witches, including myself, like to draw invoking pentacles in the air in each element direction at the beginning of the ritual and banishing ones at the end when releasing the elements. This is optional. Always do what feels right for you. Starting with Earth (North):

To draw and invoking pentacle :







With great respect, and conviction in your voice, say whatever you wish to invoke the elements. Some like to use long sayings that may include aspects of the elements, others, choose something simple. As always, do what feels right for you. I'm not going to put words in your mouth here as you must learn how to get in touch with entities, God/desses and such on your own. You do not have to use long, fancy, flowering rhymes. Rhymes are helpful because it makes them easier to remember, but it isn't mandatory for magick. Just try your best to communicate what you wish of them, and give them the respect they deserve. It may seem pretty weird just talking out loud to yourself, but eventually, you will be able to sense when these entities arrive...trust me. I was very skeptical about that until I had my first 'encounter'. I never looked back from there, or questioned their existance again.

Move to the North with your bowl of salt and light the Earth candle, and athame, wand or finger.. Say something much better than: "I call to the North, and the element of Earth, and invite you to bless this circle. May it protect me with it's grounding force as I perform my spell this night." And draw an invoking pentacle in that direction with your wand, athame or finger.

Spray 3 pinches of salt to the candle, and return the salt to your altar. Light your incense and take it with you.

Move to the East with your wand, athame, or finger, and light the Air candle. Say something much better than: "I call to the East, and the element of Air. I invite you to bless this circle. May it guide my prayers to the ethers as I perform my spell this night." Pass your incense over the candle 3 times. And draw an invoking pentacle in that direction with your wand, athame or finger.

Return the incense to the altar and pick up your lighter or matches, along with, you guessed it, your wand, athame or your finger.

Move to the South and light the the fire candle. Say something much better than: "I call to the South, and the element of Fire, I invite you to bless this circle. May it grant me inspiration and passion as I perform my spell this night." Burn 3 matches or your lighter 3 times. And draw an invoking pentacle in that direction with your wand, athame or finger.

Return your lighter or matches to the altar and pick up your bowl of water, athame, wand or finger.

Move to the West and light the water candle. Say something much better then: "I call upon the element of Water. I invite you to bless this circle. May it grant me with inner sight as I perform my spell this night." Dip your fingers in the water and flick a tiny bit at the candle (making sure not to put out the flame). And draw an invoking pentacle in that direction with your wand, athame or finger.

Return your water, athame or wand to the altar.

Finally, light your diety candle (if you're going to work with one). In your own words, respectfully ask them to come and assist and protect you. Once you feel their presence, it's time to move on.

For some Witches, like me, summoning the elements is sufficient, but others (mostly Wiccans), like to add more ritual to the creation of their circle, and also read (but should learn to memorize) both the Charge of the Goddess & God, or the Dark Goddess & God, depending on what kind of magick they're doing (usually newmoon magick) for the Dark God/dess. Wiccans also invoke the Watchtowers.

A Word About The Watchtowers

The origin of the watchtowers hearken to the days of yore, when castles were bountiful. Most castles were hidden within 4 giant brick walls. The corners were built to face the 4 compass directions, North, South, East & West. These corners had towers built on top of them, and men would stand in them to guard the castle from invading enemies. Wiccans add more ritual to the casting of their circles and call upon the elements of the 4 watchtowers at the beginning of casting their circle. For example, one very popular example of how to do this is:

Hail, Guardians of the Watchtower of the North,

Powers of Earth,

Cornerstone of all Power

We invoke you and call you,

Lady of the Outer Darkness,

Black Bull of Midnight,

North Star,

Center of the Whirling sky Stone,


Fertile Field, Come!

By the earth that is her body,

Send forth your strength,

Be here now!

Hail, Guardians of the Watchtowers of the East,

Powers of Air!

We invoke you and call you,

Golden Eagle of the Dawn,

Star - seeker,


Rising Sun,


By the air that is Her breath,

Send forth your light,

Be here now!

Hail, Guardians of the Watchtower of the South,

Powers of Fire!

We invoke you and call you,

Red Lion of the noon heat,

Flaming One!

Summers warmth,

Spark of life, Come!

By the fire that is Her spirit,

Send forth your flame,

Be here now!

Hail, Guardians of the Watchtower of the West,

Powers of Water!

We invoke you and call you,

Serpent of the Watery abyss,


Gray robed Twilight,

Evening Star! Come!

By the waters of Her living womb,

Send forth your flow,

Be here now!

Once they have concluded their workings, they must remember to thank, and release the Watchtowers, and any other entities they invited, one at a time, in the order they were summoned. You can't just say something like "I thank and release the Watchtowers." These entities do not take kindly to being treated as one single entity, or conjured and released in a disrespectful manner. I personally don't work with Watchtowers at all. I used to summon them in the same way I just described, but to be honest, I never noticed any change in the energy of my circle when they were present. This is just my experience. Many obviously feel their presence or they wouldn't be included in so many examples of circles in books. Since I don't feel them, summoning them would just be a disrespectful, pointless waste of time.

Other popular entities that Witches summon to protect their circles are Elementals (a personification of the elements), Angels, Saints, and Dragons. Dragons often get a bad reputation as people dismiss them as myth, yet by the same token all deities are based on myth. Dragons come from a long line of truly awesome, noble creatures. If you work with them, like the Watchtowers, or any entity you work with for that matter, you need to have a lot of respect for them. They can get angry, and be as frightening as a tornado headed straight for you.

Now you must take some time to ground and center. This is done by slowing down your breathing, and entering a meditative 'alpha state'. Slow your breathing to a 4 count. 4 count inhale, hold for 4, exhale for 4. See the negativity leaving as you breathe out and pure white light coming in as you inhale. As you do this, visualize yourself as a tree, and your feet as roots (you should preferably be bare foot), and feel the roots growing deep, deep into the earth where it's nourished by the water deep within. Let your roots nourish you. You're now grounded, centered, in a 'alpha state'. Now you must hold the picture of exactly how you want your spell to turn out in your mind. NOTHING ELSE! If you still have other thoughts running around the back of your mind, you're not in an alpha state. Practice until you can see nothing but how you want your spell to turn out.

You are now ready to start the portion of your spell or ritual that defines its purpose (protection, healing, money, attracting love, etc.). After you state the purpose of the spell you must build power for the spell to work. Chanting, drumming, using a rattle, or dancing are the most popular methods of doing this. Feel the power increase in your body until it comes to a peak, when you've raised as much power as you can. Then, you release the 'cone of power' usually by doing some physical act such, as droping to the ground in exhaustion, ending your ritual with the words "This is my will! So mote it be!". Your goal is to send the power you have raised into the ethers so it can begin it's work, while you continue doing mundane tasks to make sure your spell is a success.

You will feel very drained if you really put all your power into the spell, and will need to nourish yourself. That's when the 'cakes 'n ale' portion on your spell begins. A time when you take in some nourishment as the last action leaves one feeling drained, and needs to be replenished. The ale is usually wine, but juice, milk or cider will do just fine. The cakes are generally any form of cake or pastry. Some like to use light colored, round cakes for full moon rituals, and dark, round ones for new moon rituals. Bread can be used in a pinch. You might want to take time talking to the deity you invoked, or open yourself up to any messages a totem, or spirit has to say to you. You can also make notes in your Book of Shadows about how you feel the spell went. Or any thoughts on how you should do it differently. Don't forget to put a bit of your cakes and ale into the offering dish for any diety you've invitied to work with.

Once you feel more rejuvenated it's time to open the circle. This is done by saying fair well, and thanking the guardians for protecting you, and being present in your ritual. In this ritual you started in the North and ended in the West, so to close the circle, start with the guardians in the West and proceed to the South, East and finally the North. Then you say farewell to any deity you invited to join you in the circle. Not forgetting to draw a banishing pentacle in the air with your wand, athame, or your power finger (the one you write with).

To draw a banishing pentacle :







For example, if you're Wiccan, you likely invited the Goddess into your circle. To say good bye to Her. Think of something nice and respectful. Like "Thank you great Goddess for blessing me with your company, I release you from this circle. Farewell my lady! Just taylor it to whatever deity you invoked or invited to what they represent.

Once this is done, end the ritual by saying something like "The circle is open, but not unbroken". Your final act is to ground any energy remaining by touching your finger, wand or athame to the ground and finally to your forehead (third eye) to seal it. Then clean up, and put your tools away.

I know this probably sounds like a lot of trouble for a spell, but if you are doing magick that invokes any kind of spirit, deity or other entity, it is imperative that you cast a circle to keep any nasty entities from coming in. And, don't think I'm exaggerating. It is also necessary to do these things to get you in a ritual frame of mind, to really focus on what you're doing, and understand that this is not some game to play when you're bored, or brag about to your friends. Also, the more you practice performing circles, the better you'll become, and the time will shorten considerabley, as you won't have to keep running back to your Book of Shadows BOS everytime you have to do something.

Finally, alway remember to NEVER discuss or brag about a spell you've done with anyone ,other than people in your coven. If you are a solitary Witch, then simply keep it to yourself. The reason for this is that if you do, the energy of the person you are telling it to (that may not believe you, or have the same faith in your power as you), can connect with the energy of the spell and interfere with all the hard work you just did. They could ruin your spell entirely just with powers of disbelief. So keep your mouth shut or who knows what will happen!

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wheel of the year Pictures, Images and Photos


Sabbats are the eight main festivals celebrated by witches; they are solar rituals marking the points of the sun's yearly cycle and that of life and nature. Traditionally they are grouped into two categories with four Greater Sabbats and four Lesser Sabbats. The four Greater Sabbats are those associated with agriculture and the bearing cycles of animals, thus their dates my vary slightly from year to year. Known by a variety of names the four Greater Sabbats are:

Imbolc - (February 2nd) also known as: Oimelc / Candlemas

Beltane - (April 30th) also known as: Roodmas / May Eve / Walpurgis Night

Lughnasadh - (August 1st) also known as: Lammas

Samhain - (October 31st) also known as: Hallowmas / Halloween

The four Lesser Sabbats contain the Solstices and Equinoxes representing the astronomical beginnings of the seasons. their dates may vary by a day or two each year as they depend upon the sun’s entry into the zodiacal signs of: Aries (Spring), Cancer (Summer), Libra (Autumn) and Capricorn (Winter). The four Lesser Sabbats are:

Ostara - (March 21st) also known as: The Spring Equinox

Litha - (June 21st) also known as: The Summer Solstice

Mabon - (September 21st) also known as: The Autumn Equinox

Yule - (December 21st) also known as: The Winter Solstice

The Mythology of the Sabbats

The rituals of the Sabbats are an enactment of the myths that surround the relationship of the Goddess and God, and the effects this has on life and nature as the year unfolds. Stories differ slightly from tradition to tradition, but the most common myth begins when the Goddess descends into the Underworld (see the "Descent of the Goddess") in search of the slain God, for she would solve all mysteries, even the mystery of death. They meet, exchange mysteries, make love and became one. From their union came the birth of the Sun God at Yule. Of old the original beginning of the Celtic new year started with Samhain in October:


October 31st - also known as: Hallowmas / Halloween / November Eve / Feast of the Dead / Feast of Apples / All Hallows Eve:

Samhain celebrates the “Feast of the Dead” a farewell celebration to the God, who as “Lord of the Harvest” and then “King of the Hunt” sacrificed himself at the time when the earth bounty was depeleted and his animals were being slaughtered to provide sustenance throughout the coming winter months. The Goddess begins her descent into the underworld in search of the God.


December 21st - also know as: The Winter Solstice:

Yule celebrates the rebirth of the Sun God, born of the Goddess after her return from the Underworld. Yule is the time of greatest darkness and has the shortest days of the year. Fires and candles are lit to welcome the return of the Sun Gods light, while the Goddess rests after delivery and the hardships of her winter in labor.


February 2nd - also known as: Oimelc / Candlemas / Lupercalia / Feast of Torches / Feast of Pan / Snowdrop Festival / Feast of the Waxing Light / Brigid’s Day:

Imbolc marks the recovery of the Goddess as she sleeps on peacefully after the birth the Sun God. It acknowledges the maturity of the Sun God as he grows in strength to become the new light of the year. After the shut down life of winter hibernation, his light purifies the earth and although the God is still young, he is lusty, his power can be felt in the lengthening of the days. As his warmth fertilizes the earth, it causes seeds to germinate and spout as the earliest beginnings of spring appear.


March 21st - also known as: Spring Equinox /Springs Rites of Spring / Eostra’s Day:

Ostara celebrates the waking of the Goddess after her rest. Warmed by the strengthening light of the Sun, she wakes bursting forth from her sleep and blankets the earth with fertility. The first true days of spring begin as days and nights become equal, and light overtakes darkness. The God stretches and grows to maturity. He walks the fields and forests delighted with the abundance of life and nature. He with the help of the Goddess impel all living creatures out of hibernation, to mate and reproduce.


April 30th - also known as: Roodmas / May Eve / Walpurgis Night:

Beltane marks the courtship of the Goddess and God in a renewal of the ancient marriage of polarity. As the young God emerges into manhood, he desires the Goddess and they fall in love. They meet together in fields and forests where spurred on by the energies at work in nature, they unite and the Goddess again becomes pregnant of the God.


June 21st - also known as: The Summer Solstice:

Litha embraces the beginning of summer, and is the solstice marking the longest days of the year. The God is in his prime and the powers of nature reach their highest point. The earth is awash with ripeing and growing bounty after the mating of the Goddess and God.


August 1st - also known as: August Eve / Feast of Bread / Harvest Home:

Lammas/Lughnasadh is a celebration of the bounty brought to the earth by the union of the Goddess and God. It’s the time of the first harvest when the plants of spring begin to wither and die. They drop their fruits for our use, and seeds to ensure a future harvest. So too does the God begin to die as daylight decreases and the nights grow longer. The Goddess looks on in sorrow and watches God dying, but with joy she realizes he lives on inside her, her unborn child.


September 21st) - also known as: The Autumn Equinox:

Mabon repressents the completion of the harvest started at Lughnasadh. The days and nights become equal as darkness overtakes light. The God dies as the “Lord of the Harvest” and then “King of the Hunt” in a willing sacrifice. He then descends into the earth to the Underworld, there to await his renewal and rebirth of the Goddess. Nature declines and draws back its bounty in readiness for the winter and it’s time of rest. The Goddess looks at the weakening sun, and a fire burns in her belly as she feels the presence of the God. She prepares for her own journey into the Underworld, to search for him again.

And so the cycle of the ritual year begins again with Samhain in October.

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Gemstones and crystals have been a source of magic, power and mystery since prehistoric times.

The magic power in gemstones and crystals can bring love, prosperity, luck in business, protection. Use them properly and you will have magic in your life!


Care and Feeding of


Crystals have been in the lime-light ever since celebrities

such as Shirley Mcleane and Cher have come out of the closet and admitted they

were "New-Agers". However, along with this public scrutiny, has also been a

whole bunch of misconceptions. The most common of which is that a person just

wears a crystal like jewelry or carries it and it works like some kind of

instant stage-magic or prestidigitation. This, of course, is not the case. To

get the full effect of "crystal power" in your life means, as with so much else,

that you must put into it what you take out of it. So here are a few simple

guidelines for those of you who plan on taking this subject seriously.

1. Selecting your crystal

To select a crystal is not all that

much different from selecting a pet or a work of art. When you go into the store

to purchase your crystal - or any other stone used in healing or psychic work -

just pick the one that "calls" to you. Handle the various stones and place them,

one by one, in your receptive hand. (the one that is not your dominant hand; if

you are right-handed or ambi-dextrous, your receptive hand is your left. If you

are completely left-handed your receptive hand is your right.) The stone that is

right for you will "pull" you to it. This may not be the stone that looks the

clearest or the most impressive, either. Our societies materialistic values and

our conditioning to accept them must not enter into our decision, which is very

hard for most of us at first. Our first tendency is to judge the stone -as we

always judge ourselves and everything else in a constant stream of thoughts- by

what we have been conditioned to believe is "good" or "bad".

If the

piece you are choosing is for a specific purpose; i.e. for healing, or to

enhance your psychic abilities, or for meditation; it will help if you keep that

purpose in mind while you are selecting the stone. An interesting phenomena

often happens to people who are just going into the gem and mineral healing or

psychic work. Most people start off with clear quartz, because it has the most

applications. They go into a store or a gem show to purchase a clear quartz and

find themselves drawn to all kinds of other "rocks" (as the collectors call

them) too. Many times they bring a bag of various mineral specimens home with

them. Later they look up the stones in one of the many reference books on this

subject, only to find the stones they were drawn to are exactly the ones they

need to deal with issues or illnesses that they need to work on.


very first thing you need to do when you first get a crystal is to "clear it"

from the imbalanced energies of anyone else who has touched it. Crystals "work"

because of their piezoelectrical field. Researchers in Kirlian photography and

other subjects have long shown us that the body is surrounded by a field of

electro-magnetic energies, which psychics call the aura. People who have studied

this subject tell us that crystals help us by attuning their piezoelectrical

charge to the charge of our auras. So we must first remove the charges from the

stone that come from other's handling of it. This is done by leaving the stone

in sea-salt (available at almost any health-food store) for 3 days. The only

time you will have to use this technique - which is drastic - to cleanse the

stone is when you first buy it. The reason I say the technique is drastic is

because it erases all of your energy from the stone too, so the stone has to be

rebonded. (explained later) This piezoelectrical effect of the stone is the same

reason that quartz is useful in making computers, telephones, watches, and in

other electronic devices.

2. The regular maintenance of your stone

The regular care and maintenance of your stone is really quite simple.

First of all a gentler method of clearing the piece should be used at least once

a week and after any uses in either physical or inner

(mental/emotional/ spiritual) healing work. This can be done in several ways.

First of all, you can run it under cool - no extremes of temperature please -

water in your sink for several minutes, while visualizing (intensely imagining

in vivid detail, from a meditative or extremely relaxed state) all imbalanced

energies leaving it. You can also leave it carefully buried in mugwort (an herb)

for two to three days, or place it in a flowerpot with an african violet plant

(but you should know that if it has been used to heal any severe conditions, the

plant will die). The stones should also be re-charged about once a month or

after every use. For other stones, direct sunlight is not such a good idea as it

can fade the colors. You can get the reflected energy of the sun by placing them

in the moonlight during the waxing of the moon (from one day after the new moon

through the night of the full moon). They can also be charged by surrounding

them in a circle of quartz points that have been charged by the sun, with the

points of the crystals facing inward toward the stones being charged. Another

method is to purchase an amethyst or quartz cluster and place the stones on it.

A cluster is a specimen with several individual crystals on it. Oh, and if you

charge the stone by a circle of crystals, be sure they have been cleared and

charged themselves before using them to charge anything else. The circle should

consist of at least four points, but eight is best. These stones used for

charging do not have to be large at all.

3. Using your stones

Stones are tools in our psychic work and, as in any other object used,

work by focusing the mind's powers. To get the best use out of them, more than

just wearing them or carrying them is required. They should be used from a state

of meditation, while visualizing the goals we wish to accomplish with them, such

as healing, increased psychic perception, etc. A good way to do this for to help

you focus and a self-hypnosis tape that relates to your goals and use it. And if

you are using the crystals in healing, be aware that they are not meant to

replace the care of a competent health professional - but many people find them

a useful adjunct to it.


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Agate - general

Description: Red / orange / brown / black with patterns, stripes, and/or banding

Good for general protection and very effective for protecting children. Helps in healing - especially blood disorders, skin and intestines. Increases Strength, restores bodily energy, increases courage, and tends to promote longevity. Removes envious thoughts and spite, while easing stressful situations. Agates, especially banded, are good for meditation. Carried while gardening, this stone increases plants’ fertility and health.


Description: Hot green with grey / white markings

Attracts money and luck. Great for gambling ! Good for increasing concentration, completing projects, expanding emotional expression to promote healing. Turns emotional grief into creativity.


Description: Usually Golden, but may also be red, creamy, black. Translucent, trasparent, cloudy.

Excellent for use in rituals for enhancing your beauty and attractiveness. Helps to attract love and stimulates happiness and pleasure. Amber is used as both a good luck and protective amulet, and is extremely protective against negative magick which has been directed against you. When placed on the altar, it can increase the effectiveness of your spells. Amber is said to increase strength while relieving or curing health conditions. Amber is also very useful in protecting children.


Description: Pale Purple Amethyst and Pale Green Quartz Together

Very powerful at drawing money - especially in business and/or investment.Wonderful for calming and soothing along with calming fears and reducing stress. Look for this stone to help increase "luck" and can add a little energy to magickal powers.


Description: Translucent purple with white / clear chevron pattern

A must-have in the Magick realm ! Helps to calm fears and reduce stress. Dispels both doubts and negativity while it relieves depression. Promotes good judgement and induces vivid dreams. Amethyst increases mental powers, which makes it incredibly useful in psychism. Also draws pure and true emotional love.


Description: Translucent purple Amethyst and Golden Citrine Together

A powerful and BEAUTIFUL stone ! Removes negativity and can help you reach higher states of meditation more quickly. Excellent for astral travel. Increases magickal powers greatly. Helps to access "higher knowledge". Balances energies (male/female and more) and can create a path toward the "ultimate state of perfection".


Description: Beautiful Light Blue

Calming, stabilize emotions and ease anxiety and stress. Use for creative work, psychic ability, public speaking, and helping oneself to become more assertive. Reduce anger, aid in self-forgiveness, and gain spiritual protection. Angelite has also been used for working with angels and for sending telepathic messages to people and pets.


Description: Neon Teal - Semi Translucent

(Beautiful !) Excellent for all forms of Psychism and Spirituality. Beautifully calming effect. Will facilitate results in magickal workings and help/develop humanitarian goals. Can create a very deep state of meditaion. Perfect representation for the Water element. If one is translucent enough - it may also be used for a unique experience in divination.


Named for the Goddess, this pink stone is useful in love magick. Helps to open up the heart chakra and allow you to receive love, while at the same time increasing your ability to give love. Useful in magick designed to help draw true love and find your soul mate. Aphrodite is also useful in promoting fidelity and trust in an established relationship.


Description: Translucent to transparent light sea blue / green

Enhances the utilization of psychic powers and makes the mind more alert. Excellent for cleansing and purifying. Aquamarine can be used in rituals to ensure good health. It soothes and calms emotional problems and promotes peace, happiness, and joy as it halts fear. Stone of the Sea Goddesses, Psychism, Courage.


Excellent for centering, and communicating with higher plains. Exquiste for healing, and can be used on ALL chakra points at once.


A blue-violet stone which is a form of chalcedony. Due to its color, avalonite is useful in calming and soothing, aiding meditation and visualization, and promoting a sense of security for the user. Also useful in aiding psychic awareness and delving into the mythical past and collective consciousness.

Aventurine - green

Description: Green with many silver speckles

This is an excellent good luck stone. It is useful in spells involving money, gambling, and business success. Can calm troubled emotions and speed general healing. This stone increases perception and intelligence while it stimulates creativity. Silver specks enhance the powers of the stone

Aventurine - red

Description: Maroon/purple with silvery speckles

Excellent courage promotion, lends energy to body, draws luck in love.

Aventurine - blue

Description: Blue with some silvery speckles

Reduces negative emotions, purification, peace, when held - reduces pain.

Aventurine - peach/orange

Description: faded Orange/Peach w/ some silvery speckles

Good luck stone, personal power, self worth, attracts success to owner.

Aventurine - silver

Description: Grey/Silver with silvery speckles

Increase to magickal power, emotional, moon Energy, success

Aventurine - black

Description: Black with silvery speckles

Control, power, grounding, Magickal invisibility.


A dark blue stone which can heal emotional trauma, confusion, blocks, and negativity. This stone is also useful in working with spirit guides, animal guides, and the Goddess. It is also said to increase psychic healing ability and aid in visualization.


This interesting stone is peach and black. It is helpful in rituals and spells designed to clear obstacles in one's life path. Using barite helps to conserve energy, and so is helpful for those who have immune problems or who are excessively anxious or stressed. Helps to promote a balanced energy flow in the user.


Description: Various colors - usually translucent or cloudy

Psychism, Healing, Love, Energy, anti- gossip. Can help locate lost items - hold in hand and visualize lost item. Often carried to win arguements or debates. Exchanged between lovers. Can help increase purity and cleansing.

Black Onyx

Great for defense against negativity. Can be used to reduce sexual desires. Onyx is an extremely potent protective stone, and is widely known for its ability to protect against psychic attacks and hexes.


Description: Dark green with red / orange spots and designs

Increases physical strength and promotes courage. It is helpful in business and legal matters. Bloodstone has been found to increase the effectiveness and power of spells. When worn, this stone is said to increase one's life span. Great for healing matters concerning the bloodstream. Can be used for invisibility (in the form of not attracting attention to yourself)

Blue Lace Agate

Description: Vibrant light blue to pale violet with white designs

Wear or carry this stone for peace and happiness. Very effective for reducing household and/or family quarrels. Useful in reducing stress when held in the hand. Good for promoting caring and tenderness.

Calcite - green

Description: Translucent Apple green

Excellent good luck stone, good for money, gambling, and business success. Can speed general healing. Use to increase creativity.

Calcite - red

Description: Translucent brick red

Energygizing, love attracting, problem solving, healing.

Calcite - yellow/orange

Description: Translucent light orange to yellow

Success, good luck, lends energy to the body, protective, self-worth, direct Magickal energy

Calcite - Optical

Description: clear to cloudy white calcite - double reflects objects when looked through

Optical calcite is useful in working gemstone magick, as it doubles the strength and power of your spell. It is also useful in cleansing the aura, clearing all attachments and entities. Allows you to see the spiritual more readily


Description: Beautiful translucent red/orange, some with agate patterns

This stone is excellent for increasing courage, especially in the shy. Helps to promote self-confidence while inducing peace. Offsets doubt and negativity. Carnelian is excellent for increasing sexual desires between couples and is very useful in spells relating to lust. Very helpful in all forms of healing. Can also be used to guard against people who try to read your thoughts


Description: Swirled Purple, Tan, Black - Semi Fiberous ( Base color is mainly Purple)

A relatively new stone from Russia. Excellent for spirituality and magickal power. Called "a stone for THIS millenium". Helps to recongnize, understand, and integrate negative energies. Combines higher spiritual dimensions with unconditional love on the physical plane. Very good for healing - in addition to awakening analytical abilities and enviromental concerns. Can be used or grounding


Description: beautiful Blue-green.

Can drive - off unreasonable fears and illussions. Soothes emotions and creates peace. Increases wisdom and knowledge, creates discretion, and attracts love.


This is one of MoonRaven's favorite stones!!! It is a beautiful apple-green colored stone from Australia, which is useful in soothing heartache and loneliness, promoting emotional balance, and granting inner strength and peace. Chrysoprase can help to promote courage and can open and heal old traumas and grief. It is also a helpful stone to use in creating a bond of trust with the Goddess.


Description: see-through/translucent orange/smokey orange with some clear quartz

Wear this stone at night to help prevent nightmares and to have a good night's sleep. Helps to tap into user's power to give energy to magick. Can be used as a good luck stone. Helps to increase self-esteem. An excellent stone to use for promoting creativity. Also good for psychic awareness and protection.

Clear Quartz

Description: Clear, see-through

This stone has the ability to be programmed with the powers of ANY OTHER STONE, and then substituted for that stone in any ritual. Great for psychism and as a general magickal power amplifier. Can be used to relieve headaches, reduce fevers and calm toothaches. Great for use in building a magick circle.


This metal is good for a multitude of things. Copper is a great electrical conductor, which makes it great for directing Magickal energy. It is also a wonderful healing and good luck metal. Finally, copper offers love attraction, money attraction, and general protection.


This is very old coral that has turned to agate. Good for protection, healing, peace, wisdom, and gardening. An excellent repressentation for the God/Goddess or "spirit" element - ina addition to any water/sea element. Placed on graves for protection.


Description: Clear, transparent

A diamond substitute. Increase energy levels along with wisdom and knowledge. Gives a good boost to communication abilities and self esteem. Can be programmed with the powers of any other stone.


Description: Blue and Black

Reduces excitability and eliminates stubbornness. Excellent at increasing patience. A good stone for breaking illusions and showing the truth. Can help you "stand up for yourself" in situations where this is needed. Increases personal energy and stamina in harsh environments. Can help you verbalize your spiritual ideas.


Description: Green with some black & white. Gem quality is traslucent - transparent

Simply excellent for love and friendship rituals. Excellent at drawing wealth and success ... especially in business situations. Can also help draw attention to your business. Increases memory and psychic abilities. Very good for protection ... especially protection from evil. If you have not received a raise in your job, or you feel that your good work goes unnoticed by your boss, use emerald to attract due attention and recognition.


Description: Green, Blue, Teal, Yellow, Clear, pink some banded

Works well to strengthen the power of all other stones. It helps to straighten out the thoughts, and has the ability to reduce the level of emotions in any situation, so that a more accurate, logical perspective can be had. It also heightens analytical abilities, and effectively lowers anger, depression, and desperation. Many times, flourite is also used in healing rituals.


Description: Deep red/purple. Sometimes with silvery surface, gem quality are translucent

Garnet is a highly protective stone, in that it provides a barrier of charged vibrations which repel negative energies on contact. It is also useful for protection after dark. It can be used to strengthen the aura, and is great for lending extra energy to rituals. It is also useful in enhancing bodily strength and endurance.

Green Aventurine - See Aventurine (green)

Green Jasper

A receptive stone which is useful in healing magick, especially for the eyes, kidneys, and stomach. Green Jasper may be worn to help prevent migraines and also to guard the health in general. These stones are also used in spells for money, riches, prosperity, luck, grounding, and balancing. Place in your garden to encourage more luxuriant growth of your plants. Also useful for fertility magick.

Green Moss Agate

Description: Somewhat translucent stone w/ green moss like inclusions

Wonderful stone to draw new friends. This stone is said to be able to lead you to hidden treasures. It is also called the "gardener's talisman". It can be used to relieve exhaustion and to heal problems with the neck and back. Also very useful in money and happiness spells. Protection ! Longevity of life !

Green Quartz - Lodolite

Description: Semi Transparent green

Money attraction, luck, health, gardening, longevity of life.

Hawk's Eye

This is a black and silver colored stone which assists psychic ability, transforms negative energy into positive, and heals negative energy from past lives. It may also aid in releasing karmic attachments.


Description: Heavy, shinny, silver stone

A wonderful stone to use for grounding and centering. Useful in healing, especially when worn in the form of a necklace. It seems to draw illness out of the body. Its silvery, mirror-like surface is good for divination, especially scrying.


This is an indigo colored stone which is useful in working with the third eye chakra. It can help to open and expand psychic abilities, encourage psychic exploration, enhance curiousity, and guide you through spiritual beginnings and growth.

Jade - Green

Grants wisdom when placed against the third eye chakra (on the forehead). Attracts love, and is useful for protection. This gem can actually help the body to heal itself. It is used to help treat heart, kidney, and stomach disorders.


Description: Awesome opaque smoky quartz color, but when rotated in sunlight, has flashes of vivid green, blue, red, yellow, orange, and gold.

Helps in opening the heart chakara in order to more readily receive love. Increases inner strength and convictions, as well as promoting courage. Draws success to the ower's life. Greatly enhances dreaming, and the ability to remember the content of the dreams during the waking hours. Also helps to enhance all forms of perception during the day. The stone may be more powerful in one area than another, dependant upon what color the "flash" is. This is a fantastic stone to acquire, and then to continue to carry or use throughout one's life - as the results of the stone's energies continue to build and each result enhances the next result.

Lapis Lazuli

Description: Light to medium blue stone with pyrite (silver/gold) inclusions. Some with white banding.

This stone is useful in improving emotional, physical, spiritual and psychic conditions. It relieves depression while promoting peace. Lapis is excellent for use in divination. Place this stone on your altar while scrying, gazing, or reading the Tarot or runes. Lapis is very protective and also promotes courage. Can be used to draw spiritual love to oneself, and is a powerful fidelity charm.


Excellent for neutralizing and cancelling spells that are no longer wanted. Good for repelling negative energy

Leopard Skin Agate

Description: Yellow / tan with dark brown / black somewhat circular spots

Very protective, especially against sorcery and possession. Increases courage and strength. Use when contacting your animal spirits. Helpful in healing.


Description: Lavender stone with silver sparkles

The stone of peace. Soothes anger/hate while it gently calms emotions. Very good at increasing psychic awareness


Description: Multi-shaded green banding

Malachite is good for Lending extra energy to magickal spells. Guards against negativity and depression, calms and soothes. Enhances the ability to give and receive love. Increases business success, money. Promotes sleep. Very protective against physical dangers. This is a wonderful stone to use in the protection of children. Protection during travel.


A dark green stone which is useful in healing magick. Moldavite encourages self-healing, protects spiritual healers, and gives protection during astral travel.

MoonStone - White, Grey, Brown

Great for divination and psychism-many people keep a moonstone with their tarot cards for increased psychic ability. Helpful in dieting and maintaining a youthful appearance. The moonstone is love drawing and helpful for reconciliation. Moonstone is a gently protective stone, and is extremely useful in protection while traveling by water.

MoonStone - Peach / Green

Same general properties of regular Moonstone, but can also increase self-worth and personal success

Moqui Marbles - See Shaman Stones.


This stone is a pink form of beryl. It is useful in magick involving love and fidelity. It also aids in healing emotionally related matters, including karmic suffering and pain from past-life traumas.

Mother Of Pearl

This has been used consistantly for many generations in ritual jewelry. It is sometimes placed on newborn babies for protection. It is also great for use in spells for wealth and prosperity.


Description: Solid Black, some may be translucent

Good for grounding and centering. Is helpful in promoting peace. Apache tears are wonderful good luck stones, and contain extremely potent protective energies. May also be useful in scrying.

Obsidian - Mahogany

Description: Reddish-brown Spots in Black Obsidian

Same as general properties as apache tears/obsidian. Promotes more longevity, use in place of Petrified Wood. A calm power stone.

Obsidian - Rainbow Sheen

Description: Black with green, red, violet, gold, silver flashes

Same as general properties as apache tears/obsidian. In addition it can bring love and light to ones life. Can be used for “gazing” especially in relationship areas. Said to bring pleasure and enjoyment to your life.

Obsidian - Snow Flake

Description: Black with white snowflakes

Same properties as obsidian except more balancing and peace promoting.

Peach Aventurine

This is an all-around good luck stone. It is useful in spells to increase feelings of self-worth or personal power. This stone attracts success to the owner, and can also be useful as a general protection stone.

Peacock Copper Ore

Descrtiption: Greyish / black ore with multi colored rainbow areas of red, blue, green, and orange.

This colorful metal can aid in psychism and clairvoyance. It facilitate inner knowing and helps you to trust what you see psychically. It is also useful when doing healing work for someone who is at a distance.


Description: Bright to medium green - translucent in gem quality

Guards against illusions, enchantments, and nightmares. If anger is a problem for you, try using this gemstone as it is known to calm even the most raging anger. Peridot also calms nervousness and banishes negative emotions. Good for general healing, promoting sleep, and attracting money.

Petrified Wood

An excellent representation of the God / Goddess. Projects the power of the great spirit. Great for protection and many forms of past-life regression work. Promotes longevity of life.


Description: Opaque bright green

Can be used to increase the energy of any other stone, herb, oil, .... Enhances protective fields. Calming, in addition helping meditation. Place near bed - may help you to remember dreams. Can help prepare you for situations (unknown to you) that will happen in the future. Can help predict the future. May help in in contacting estra-terrestrial beings.

Rainforest Rhyolite

A very good stone for animal guide attraction. Promotes and enhances natural beauty and longevity of life. Can increase wisdom and knowledge.

Red Jasper

Description: Brick red - sometimes with white / black veins

Known to promote beauty and grace. Believe it or not, it can ease the pain of childbirth!!! Protective and especially useful in defensive magick -- use this stone to send negativity directed at you back to the original sender. Increases mental processes and forms a barrier against dangerous desires and whims. Also a great all-around good luck stone.


Description: Pale pink to deep pink with beautiful creamy white banding. Can be found as a deep pink crystal - RARE.

This beautiful pink stone is a powerful love drawing amulet. It is wonderful for soothing the mind, body, and emotions. Can give the body extra strength during strenuous activity. It has also been used to increase beauty, especially the skin and complexion.


Description: Pink with black sections. Sometimes slight white areas, and or shinny hematite inclusions.

Promotes peace, happiness, joy and laughter. Excellent stone to use in smoothing over relationship difficulties. Clears the mind of confusion and doubt. Rhodonite is a very calming stone, and helps to promote balance.

Rose Quartz

Description: Pale to deep pink quartz. Common in globular form, very rare in a crystal.

The definitive stone for love rituals. This stone can be used to open to heart chakra. It is extremely love attracting. It also promotes peace, happiness, and fidelity in established relationships.


Wealth drawing, Protection, Power, joy, anti-nightmare, offerings, courage, energy increase. Also, due to its beautiful red color, Ruby is commonly used in love spells and to increase sexual energy.

Rutilated Quartz

Description: Clear to cloudy quartz with red (hematite), silver, gold, or copper colored needles.

Excellent at lending extra energy to spells. Great for clearing and/or expanding the chakras. Not only will it increase over-all energy - it will MAGNIFY the positive energy.


Very nice stone for emotional cleaning and love attracting. Also very useful for increasing psychism and drawing money / wealth and abundance.

Shaman Stone / Moqui Marbles

Description: round to saucer shaped, hard, sand colored balls.

These strange Ironstone concretions are found at the base of the Navajo Sandstone formation. The Moqui Indians that inhabited the Southwest used these small balls for marble-like games and in slings for hunting. The centers are filled with hard packed sandstone and the outer surface is a composite of iron, phosphorus, and lime. How they were formed and what caused their unusual rounded shapes remain a puzzle. There are various theories as to their formation and some scientists believe them to be from 130 to 155 million years old. Their energies are somewhat like those of Boji Stones. Shaman Stones are highly protective, and will absorb negativity and replace it with useful energies. They are wonderful for healing, as their energies flow easily up the Chakra column. The first time I held one of these stones in my hand, I could not believe the energy I felt inside them! Meditations and spiritual journeys are greatly enhanced by holding a Shaman Stone in each hand. They may also be used to contact your animal spirits, totems, and guides, and to aid in shapeshifting. Shaman Stones are equally balanced between grounding and energizing, and act as a connector to the Earth's energies.

More information on the Shaman Stone / Moqui Marbles can be found in a special report in the Magickal encyclopedia #1 section, under the magickal properties of gemstones.

Smokey Quartz

Description: Smokey to deep black translucent quartz

A wonderful stone to use for grounding and centering. This stone can also be used to help overcome depression and other negative emotions. It is also an excellent mood elevator.

Snow Quartz

Description: Pure white quartz

Enhances spirituality while calming and balancing. Use also for purification and where white can be used for protection. Can be programmed with the powers of any other stone.


Description: Dark to medium blue with black and white veins

A wonderful stone to draw wisdom. It can be held in the hand to help still the mind and relax the body. A wonderful meditation stone, and superb at healing emotionally related disorders (those caused by stress, anger, fear, or nervousness). Useful in dispelling guilt and fear.


Description: Beautiful Purple and Lavender

Excellent for Psychic Awareness, magickal powers, and healing. Increases spiritual awarness and connection while creating a balance between physical well-being and spiritual well-being. Perfects spiritual love. Enhances forgiveness while reminding us why we are in the physical plane. Createss a sense of freedom for the owner while protecting and removing despair. A Great stone !!


Description: Bright yellow. Easily breakable.

Sulfer is excellent for protection, purification and healing. When sick try placing some in a red bag and wear around your neck. A great item to place around the house (or on the altar) for all forms of protection. Can be burned for the same effects!

NOTE: Sulfer may also come crystalized as small yellow crystals on a matrix stone ... but it is most commonly found as a solid "rock" structure.


Description: Gold/Copper with moonstone like flashes

Stimulates sexual arousal and increases sexual energy. A very protective stone. Sunstone is also used to increase physical energy when ill. If you want to strengthen the energy of any healing herb, place a sunstone in with the herb.

NOTE: There are 2 different types of Sunstone on the market. "True" sunstone comes from India and looks much like golden moonstone and has gold/copper flashes. The other sunstone comes from Oregon/Washington state and looks like lemony quartz. For magickal purposes, the India sunstone is highly recommended, but it may be hard to find.


Great for increasing psychic abilities, promoting wisdom, and producing clear communication. Helpful in communicating with spirit and animal guides. Good for inner journey work. Useful in work involving the heart, throat, third eye, and crown chakras.

NOTE: Pricey !

Tiger Eye

Description: Brown / tan with golden flashes, banding, and cat's eyes caused by its fiberous nature.

Great for increasing psychic abilities, promoting wisdom, and producing clear communication. Helpful in communicating with spirit and animal guides. Good for inner journey work. Useful in work involving the heart, throat, third eye, and crown chakras.

Tiger Eye - Blue

Description: Brown / tan with blue and gold flashes, banding, and cat's eyes caused by its fiberous nature.

Tiger Eye: Great for increasing psychic abilities, promoting wisdom, and producing clear communication. Helpful in communicating with spirit and animal guides. Good for inner journey work. Useful in work involving the heart, throat, third eye, and crown chakras.

Blue Tiger Eye: Has the same properties as above accept more psychism, divination, and spirituality qualities.

Tiger Eye - Red

Description: Brown / tan with red and gold flashes, banding, and cat's eyes caused by its fiberous nature.

Tiger Eye: Great for increasing psychic abilities, promoting wisdom, and producing clear communication. Helpful in communicating with spirit and animal guides. Good for inner journey work. Useful in work involving the heart, throat, third eye, and crown chakras.

Red Tiger Eye: Typically heat treated to cause it to turn to red ... but can be found naturally in very rare circumstances. Has the same properties as above except more courage inducing, confidence building, and protective qualities.

Tourmaline - Black

Description: Deep, dark black

Simply excellent at repeling negativity. Can protect a person from the negativity of another person. Increases vitality, energy, emotional stability, and intellectual acuity. Protects against negative spells. Escellent for grounding. Can be used as an energy deflector - good for excessive amounts of radiation (ie: cancer teatment) Tourmaline can point you in the direction of things that will bring "good". Condsidered a "teller" stone ... can tell you who or what is causing you problems.

Tourmaline - Green

Description: Dark glassy Green

Opens the Heart chakra - can help you see with your heart. Good for visualization practices (IE: rituals requiring visualization) Brings about creativity, success and prosperity. Good for weight loss and healing the eyes. Great for gardening and healing plants. Trabsforms negative energy into positve energy.

Tourmaline - Watermelon

Description: Red centers with Green & white "rinds"

Contains both projective and receptive energies along with both fire and water energies. Used to balance all energies. Will create a balance of Male and Female energies with-in a person. Great for love attraction - A super activator of the heart chakra. Helps one "look past" a situation to find a benefit. Helps the user to experience and enhance the beauty of nature.

Tourmaline - Multi Colored

Description: 2 or more various colors on a stone

Some colors are green, ruby red, black, pale gold, clear, teal. Multi colored tourmalines can provide agate to the inner self and the higher self. Good for meditaion and Good for multiple chakra work and may be good for grounding and meditaion. Tourmaline can point you in the direction of things that will bring "good". Condsidered a "teller" stone ... can tell you who or what is causing you problems.

Tree Agate

Description: Chrisp White with Green "Moss" Patterns

Combines the energies of a white stone and of a green stone. Can be used for purification and cleansing. Tree agate works well for drawing money and success (in a non-agressive fashion) Great for gardening and has a connection to nature. Helps to balance energies.


Description: Usually sky blue (some with black veins and/or silver & pyrite inclusions)

A wonderful all-around stone, useful in drawing love, money, health and beauty. A very protective stone. Use in rituals to attract new friends or lovers. Promotes joy. A wonderful gift, as it is said to grant the receiver wealth and happiness.



Description: Very nice molted pink and green

Animal guide attraction, gardening and "green" energies, slight love & friendship attraction, moderate magickal power increase.

Yellow Jasper / Carnelian

Heightens visualization and communication abilities. Great for use in writing or public speaking. Travel related spells are enhanced by the presence of yellow carnelian. A protective stone, and good for healing, especially disorders of the stomach, nervous system, and skin.

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This section is going to be extensive and I will be adding more as time allows. But we are going to start with the basics.

The Most Important thing and I can not express this enough, is if you do NOT know what you are doing when working with herbs, leave it to the experts as it can become deadly.

Healing Flowers, Teas and Herbs Part


Gathering your flowers,

herbs and plants

The magickal hours to gather are, three, six, nine and

twelve. Make sure your plants are healthy and free from pesticides. Gather your

flowers and herbs in a basket or something else handy and open. If you place

your plants in a plastic bag for instance, they will become hot and dilute their

healing properties. Also if you dry plants that have been placed in a bag they

will turn black.

If a plant other than a weed suddenly grows in your

garden, take note of it. Things happen for a reason and it may be that you or

someone you know is in need of the healing qualities of the plant. It could just

be that your garden is in need of healing as well.

Also, jade is good

for gardening as is anything green. I sometimes note feathers that have been

dropped near a plant and I feel inclined for some reason to pick up the feather

and place it in the dirt in front of the plant. I don`t know why.

Healing Teas and Salves

Flowers and herbs should never be

consumed before knowing if they are edible! Some plants are poisonous.

Tisanes (herbal teas) - two teaspoonful of fresh herb per cup of water

which includes flowers and leaves, roots, bark,seed, infuse for twenty minutes.

Strain and store. Fresh herbs are always the best . If making a rose tea or rose

hip tea, use two cups of fresh rose parts. The longer the flower is steeped ,

the stronger the tea will be.

Take the herbal teas, 1/4 of a cup four

times a day. Some herbals Cabot be consumed as much. I know that mint an be

heavy on the kidneys and therefore I won`t consume it more than once a day.

Children take 1/8 of a cup and infants can receive the herbs through mother`s


Salves - simmer fresh herbs in olive oil. In another pot melt 4

tablespoons of beeswax per cup of oil. Simmer herbs in oil for 20 minutes. When

the oil and the wax are the same temperature, then pour together and store in

jars. To prevent mold use tincture of benzoin, about 1 ounce per quart.


St John`s Wort Oil

healing properties: knights on

crusades took this with them to treat their wounds. It fights bacteria and


magickal properties: used for banishing and exorcism.

Fill a

jar with St. John`s flowers and add olive oil. Leave in the sun until it turns

blood red. This oil you leave in the sun because it is a sun flower or herb.

When the color is intense, strain and store and use as needed.

Rose Oil

healing properties: for inflammations

magickal properties: associated

with friendship,love, deep feeling.

2 ounces of dried rose petals to 1 pint

of olive or safflower oil. Place this mixture in a warm place. Let it sit for

2-3 days. Strain and bottle the oil.

A small list of common healing


Tulip- Known as the 'turban flower by the Persians (Iranians).

Recognized for love, harmony and beauty.

Lavender- The herb dedicated to

Hecate, the goddess of witches and sorcerers. (My favorite herb. I used to

gather a bunch, tie them and hang them upside down in places all over the house.

Lavender has soothing and restorative properties ( I use lavender aromatherapy

when I have headaches or feel under stress). Lavender is also used for

protection and purification. I use lavender incense when performing spells to

release or rid for meditation.

Healing: use to rid coughs, headaches

caused from stress and nerves, a gentle antidepressant, soothes nerves and

stress. Also if used as a mouthwash it will improve gums and cure halitosis.

Lily- recognized for purity and fiat lux. This flower is associated with

the number six, being a 6 pointed star. This flower is recognized for aiding

suffering souls, those that suffered at the hands of humanity.

Lily Of The Valley- An

old fashioned name for this flower is Liriconfancy. It is associated with death

and the soul.

Healing: reduces high blood pressure. It is used to treat

heart failure, congestive of the heart and breathing problems.

Nasturtium- This flower has properties of the sun.

Healing: the oil

is used as an antibiotic nonmalignant moulds and bacteria. The leaves are eaten

( a couple ) to disinfect the mouth and throat. It is said that this flower can

improve sight. If can cure emphysema if it is used in conjunction with


Meadowsweet- Loved by Queen Elizabeth I. She always kept

meadowsweet on her floors.

Healing: soothes an upset stomach, for diarrhea.

Reduces fever, high blood pressure and disorders of the blood.


healing: soothes nervous exhaustion, helps with sleeplessness. It is used in

some night creams because it has properties to reduce wrinkles.

Oxlip- a

cousin of the cowslip is a soporific plant. It gives visions.


Flower- It remains open for three days and it is associated with the number


Healing: treats chronic insomnia, neuralgia, shingles, asthma. It is

given to patients with Parkinson`s disease and people suffering from seizures

and hysteria because it is an antispasmodic.

Pansy -

healing - has

anti-convulsive and sedative properties. Given as a sedative for insomnia and

for treatment of vomiting.

Spells - used for love potions though I have

never made one myself.

Poppy - my third favorite besides the rose and

the lavender. Poppy is the flower of sleep and forgetfulness. It is now a token

of remembrance and is the official flower for remembrance Day.

Healing - the

seeds of the poppy are narcotic and opium is made from it. A tisane is made to

cure inflamed chests and throats and asthma and in general respiratory


Rose - It is said that the rose is formed from a calyx of

five sepals. Five as we know is the number of humanity and the shape of the

pentagram and if we were to stand with our arms raised out from our body and our

legs far apart we would also form a five pointed figure. It is said that the

rose is a living sigil for humanity and a living being. The rose throughout

history has been depicted as a magickal symbol for royalty, the Madonna figure,

associations with "good" occult phenomenon, anything associated with religion

and mysticism.

Healing: the rose is a panacea and can treat stomach

disorders, kidney and bladder disease, gallbladder, exhaustion,, skin problems

and more. It is said that if you cannot find an herb to treat your disorder then

try the rose.

Spells - use rose petals to decorate your alter when

performing a love or friendship spell

Some rose species with higher

concentrations of healing properties : Dog Rose, French Rose, Provence

Rose,Cherokee Rose, China Rose, Japanese Rose, Damask Rose, Eglantine Rose

Rose Hip -Has the most medicinal value of the Rose. Rose hips are very

high in Vitamin C. Rose hips also contain A, B, E, and K, organic acids and


Snowdrop- The fairy maid of February.

Healing: an ointment

is made from this flower in a caster base to treat frostbite and rough skin.


healing: heals digestive problems and menstrual cramps. It

is also used in some lotions and creams for its anti wrinkle properties. It is

good for the skin, hair and scalp.

Primrose -

healing - insomnia,

stress, eases the pain of rheumatism and arthritis

Marigold - I always

have marigold in my garden and use them in salads

healing - a cleansing

plant. Tea made from marigolds are used to treat cancer. Heals ulcers of the

stomach and open sores on the skin.

Heather -

spell - Used for

solitary healing work. Heather, along with Misletoe, create a powerful healing

medicine in both spiritual and physical aspects. It is even being used today in

some forms of alternative medicines as a treatment for cancer.

Violet -

healing - has dissolving properties. It is good for eliminating gall and

bladder stones.


Herbs of the


Brooklime {Water

Pimpernel} - Veronica Becabunga

Part used - Above ground portion


Uses - Poltices, Diuretic Infusions

Magical Uses - Water Safety {mix with

Watercress} and Visionary Capacities - to strengthen the 'third eye'. {Herb of

Mars} (CAUTION}: Pregnant women should AVOID}

Figwort - Scrophularia


Parts Used - Above ground portion root

Herbal Uses - Internally

or externally as a tea, poltice, or tincture

Homeopathic Uses - Hodgkin's

Disease, conditions w/enlarged glands, breast tumors, eczema of the ear,

scrofula, hemorrhoids, skin cancer

Magical Uses - Protection and to attract

health, peace and joy. {Herb of Venus}

Madder {Dyer's Weed} Rubia


Part Used - Root

Herbal Uses - As a tea, infusion or for dying


Homeopathic Uses - For spleen ailments

Magical Uses - For a

young woman's coming-of-age ceremony.{Herb of Mars}

Mandrake -

Mandragora Officinalis, M. Vernalis, M. Autumnalis

Part Used - Root

Herbal Uses - Poltices, Salves, {Anesthetic}

CAUTION - Not recommended

for home use -TOXIC

Homeopathic Uses - restlessness, excitability, bodily

weakness, epilepsy, hydrophobia, sleep

Magical Uses - Protects against

demonic possesion, Used as a puppet, Placed on mantle to bring prosperity and

happiness, To attract love and repel diseases, Exorcisms, Travel unnoticed

CAUTION - DO NOT INGEST! - {Herb of Mercury}


{Queen-Of-The- Meadow - Bridewort - Bride-Of-The- Meadow} - Spiraea Ulmaria

Parts Used - Root, Flower, Leaf

Herbal Uses - Tea, Infusion

Homeopathic Uses - Obsessive/Compulsiv e disorder, irritations of the urinary

tract or prostate gland, epilepsy, hydrophobia, burning and pressure in the

throat feeling of contraction worsened by swallowing

Magical Uses - Love

Spells, Promoting Peace {Herb of Jupiter}

Mint Mentha Sativa, Mentha


Part Used - The above ground portions

Herbal Uses - Infusion,

Tea, Oil, Salve

{CAUTION - No more than 2 cups per day of infusion - or 2

drops per day of oil, Larger doses can be toxic to the kidneys}


Uses - Neuritis, acute nasal catarrh, blocked eustachian tubes, pharyngitis,

laryngitis, itching, vulvar itching, frontal headache, sinus pain, eyeball pain,

mental confusion, asthmatic conditions w/headache, smoker's cough


Uses - Protection, Healing, Easy Travel, Attracts prosperity money. {Herb of


Mistletoe {Birdlime, Golden Bough, Holy Wood} - Viscum Album

Parts Used - Twig Leaf

Herbal Uses - Infusion, Tea, Tincture


- Berries should not be used for internal consumption - Large doses of this herb

have been known to induce convulsions in children

Homeopathic Uses -

Epileptic aura, petit mal seizures, heart conditions, asthma connected with gout

or rheumatism, rheumatic deafness, chorea, metrorrhagia, left-sided ovarian

pain, left-side body complaints

Magical Uses - Use to combat despair, herb

of protection, child theft by fairies, healing, hunting, conception, to bring

beautiful dreams, unlock the secrets of immortality through dreams - used for

wands and ritual items or placed around a 'Hand of Glory' to ward off thieves -

to protect the bearer from werewolves. {Herb of the Sun Jupiter}


- You should take note that this herb is considered by many in the study of

herbs, to be extremely toxic. It should not be used for medical complaint,

without full and total knowledge of it's usage and dosages.


{Duir} - Quercus Spp.

Parts Used - Bark, Leaf, Acorn

Herbal Uses -

Infusion, Tea, Salves

Homeopathic Uses - Edema, splenetic dropsy, liver

problems, gout, alcoholic cravings

Magical Uses - Abundance, fertility,

longevity, protection, spiritual awareness while remaining fully rooted in the

earth plane, it's wood is used for staves and wands, use any parts for

protective charms which bring healing. Acorns bring fertility and abundance.

Plant in the dark of the moon to bring financial prosperity. {Tree of Jupiter}

CAUTION - Parts of this tree contain the compound known as tannic acid.

Tannic acid in this form is toxic to humans. Oak bark tea can be bought OTC, if

you would prefer. Otherwise, if you intend to use this particular herb, make

sure that you do a complete study on how to use it.

Selago -

Lycopodium Selago, Linn

Parts Used - Above ground portions, spores

Herbal Uses - Infusion, Powder, Poltice

Homeopathic Uses - Urinary and

digestive disturbances

Magical Uses - Charm of power and protection, wear

it, add it to incense, use it to commune with the Gods Goddesses.

Self-Heal {All-Heal, Heart-of-the- Earth} - Prunella Vulgaris

Part Used - Above ground portions

Herbal Uses - Tea, Tincture, Poltices

Homeopathic Uses - conditions of the skin and nervous system, poison oak,

epilepsy, insomnia, constipation, mental exhaustion

Magical Uses -

Purification, ward of insect stings serpants, protection from enchantment, make

dreams come true, bring love, dispel fears, bring youth beauty, protection for

the practitioner of magical workings, bring peace, kept in home it attracts

wealth and keeps plants healthy. Drinking it's juice cuts sexual desire, burn to

banish pangs of unrequited love, worn to recover stolen articles, put in child's

cradle brings joy and a lively intellect.;

Water Horehound

{Gypsyweed} - Lycopus Eurapaeus

Part Used - Above ground portions


Uses - Infusion, Tincture

Homeopathic Uses - Lower blood pressure, valvular

heart disease, heart palpitations, passive hemorrhages, toxic goiter, urinary

problems, diabetes

Magical Uses - Offerings to deities


Basil - Calamintha Clinopodium

Part Used - Above ground portions


Uses - Infusion, Poltice, Oil

{The type - Thymus Serphyllum is used in

tincture for children's chest complaints}

Magical Uses - Protection, repel

thieves, attract customers to a business, dispel melancholy, bring joy, mend

quarrels, additive for love spells, fidelity, purification, courage, health,

vitality, strength, healing - wear to enhance psychic powers, place by bed to

ward off nightmares, ritual offerings. {Herb of Venus}

Woad - Isatis


Part Used - Leaf

Herbal Uses - Poltice, Salves, Dye


Uses - Paint for ceremonial use. {Herb of Mars ; Jupiter}


Herbs of the



Acorn, Oak,

Apple, Arborvitae, Corn, Dittany of Crete, Fumitory, Hazel, Mullein, Nightshade,

Pumpkin, Sage, Turnip, Wormwood


Arborvitae, Ash, Bay Laurel,

Blessed Thistle, Chamomile, Frankincense, Holly, Juniper, Mistletoe, Pine


Angelica, Basil, Bay, Benzoin, Blackberry, Celandine,

Coltsfoot, Heather, Iris, Myrrh, Tansy, Violet

Spring Equinox


Celandine, Cinquefoil, Dandelion, Dogwood, Honeysuckle, Iris, Jasmine, Rose,

Tansy, Violet


Almond, Belladonna, Clover, Frankincense,

Hawthorn, Ivy, Marigold, Meadowsweet, Orchid Root, Rose, Rowan, Sorrel, Woodruff

Summer Solstice

Chamomile, Chickweed, Chicory, Cinquefoil,

Delphinium, Dogwood, Elderflower, Fennel, Figwort, Hemp, Lavender, Male Fern,

Meadowsweet, Mistletoe, Mugwort, Pine, Rose, St. John's Wort, Vervain


Berries, Fenugreek, Frankincense, Heather, Hollyhock,

Mistletoe, Oak, Oat, Sunflower

Fall Equinox

Acorn, Benzoin, Fern,

Grains, Honeysuckle, Marigold, Milkweed, Myrhh, Passion Flower, Rose, Sage,

Solomon's Seal, Thistle, Vegatables


Sacred Herbs of the


Aphrodite: olive,

cinnamon, daisy, cypress, quince, orris (Iris), apple, myrtle

Aradia: rue,


Artemis: silver fir, amaranth, cypress, cedar, hazel, myrtle,

willow, daisy, mugwort, date palm

Astarte: alder, pine, cypress, myrtle,


Athena: olive, apple

Bast: catnip, vervain



Brigit: blackberry

Cailleach: wheat

Cardea: hawthorn,

bean, arbutus

Ceres: willow, wheat, bay, pomegranate, poppy, leek, narcissus

Cybele: oak, myrrh, pine

Demeter: wheat, barley, pennyroyal, myrrh,

rose, pomegranate, bean, poppy, all cultivated crops

Diana: birch, willow,

acacia, wormwood, dittany, hazel, beech, fir, apple, mugwort, plane, mulberry,


Druantia: fir

Freya: cowslip, daisy, primrose, maidenhair, myrrh,

strawberry, mistletoe

Hathor: myrtle, sycamore, grape, mandrake, coriander,


Hecate: willow, henbane, aconite, yew, mandrake, cyclamen, mint,

cypress, date palm, sesame, dandelion, garlic, oak, onion

Hekat: cypress

Hera: apple, willow, orris, pomegranate, myrrh

Hina: bamboo


flax, rose, hellebore, elder

Irene: olive

Iris: wormwood, iris

Ishtar: acacia, juniper, all grains

Isis: fig, heather, wheat, wormwood,

barley, myrrh, rose, palm, lotus, persea, onion, iris, vervain

Juno: lily,

crocus, ashpodel, quince, pomegranate, vervain, iris, lettuce, fig, mint

Kerridwen: vervain, acorns

Minerva: olive, mulberry, thistle

Nefer-Tum: lotus

Nepthys: myrrh, lily

Nuit: sycamore



Persephone: parsley, narcissus, willow, pomegranate

Rhea: myrrh,


Rowen: clover, rowen

Venus: cinnamon, daisy, elder, heather,

anemone, apple, poppy, violet, marjoram, maidenhair fern, carnation, aster,

vervain, myrtle, orchid, cedar, lily, mistletoe, pine, quince

Vesta: oak

Wicca A Guide For The Solitary Practitioner by Scott




Each tree is a healer, but there are a few special

trees that appeal to the human condition because of the special properties they

bare. The trees below are especially symbolic and have been throughout history.

1. The Apple Tree- the custodian of wisdom and sign of the soul. Freya,

the goddess of wisdom walks through heaven dispensing golden apples to the gods

which will give them the gift of wisdom and understanding. To grow an apple tree

in the garden is a happy omen. The druids believe that apple trees grow in the

Celtic paradise. The day of the apple tree is Friday (Freya`s day) and it`s star

is Venus. King Arthur was taken to the Vale of Avalon, the Apple Vale to heal

his wounds. The apple tree man dwells in the middle of the apple trees. He is

the guardian of their fertility and the fairy protector of the spirit of the


2. The Oak Tree- The tree of truth. It is ancient and wise and

has an old spirit. An important tree for the druids. The mistletoe of the oak

tree has many magickal properties. It is also a marriage tree. Symbolic of the

marriage between the god and the goddess. If you dance around the oak tree and

wear some of its leaves you will have a long and happy marriage. It is said that

if there is a question in your heart that you cannot find the answer to then go

to an oak tree and embrace it and ask the spirit of the oak tree to answer your

question. If you should know then the oakman will send you a prophetic dream.

3. The Rowan Tree- The tree of vision,healing, psychic powers,also known

as, Wicken-tree, Wild Ash, Witchbane, Witchen, Witch wood and Tree of Life.

Sticks,twigs and branches of the rowan tree help in aid and protection. Rowan is

associated with witchcraft. Runes were carved with sticks from a rowan tree. It

is associated with the colors, red and gray. It is also a tree held dear by

Druids and the Celtic Goddess Brigid. Rowan is also used during rites of the 2nd

moon - the vision moon for rites of knowledge and divination. This is based on

the Celtic calendar of the 13 moons and represents the Moon of astral travel and

vision, healing and empowerment. Rowan bark will dye fabric grey. It can flavor

liqueurs/cordials, and can be used to make ale. Rowan was special tree for me at

one time.

Witch tree, rowan tree, pretty mountain ash,

Protect me

right well from storm, flood and flash;

Now do I beg of thee some wee twigs

and leaves,

And pri`thee turn from me all harm and grief.

4. The Bay

Tree- the tree of healing. It is associated with masculine principles (and

therefore a tree of the Lord), and medicine,music, and the rays of the sun. The

bay protects dwellings and gardens. Bay leaves crowned poet,heroes and important

men. Grow a bay tree near your house for it protects your dwelling and wards off

illness. When a baby is born it is lucky to celebrate by planting a bay tree for

the baby`s sake. Never plant a bay tree where vines grow.

5. The Hazel

Tree- The tree of wishes and tree of the star goddess. It is associated with the

Celtic goddess of the stars, Arianrhad, whose image was seen in the stars of the

constellation we now know as the constellation of the Corona Borealis. The hazel

is called the tree of wishes because it has the power to grant the hearts


Back To Navigation

Herbs Pictures, Images and Photos

Agrimoy MEDICINAL: An infusion of the leaves is used to treat jaundice and other liver ailments, and as a diuretic. It is also used in treating ulcers, diarrhea, and skin problems. Externally, a fomentation is used for athlete's foot, sores, slow-healing wounds, and insect bites. Agrimoy is used as an astringent, diuretic, tissue healer, and stops bleeding. It is also used as antibacterial and antiparasitic, and is used for tapewormes, dysentery, and malaria. MAGICKAL: Agrimony is used in protection spells, and is used to banish negative energies and spirits. It is also used to reverse spells and send them back to the sender. It was believed that placing Agrimon under the head of a sleeping person will cause a deep sleep that will remain until it is removed. GROWING: Agrimony is grown throughout much of the United States and southern Canada. It is a perennial that reaches 2 to 3 feet tall, prefers full sun and average soils. Agrimony tolerates dry


Alfalfa MEDICINAL: Eliminates retained water, relieves urinary and bowel problems, helps in treating recuperation of narcotic and alcohol addiction. Used in treating anemia, fatigue, kidneys, peptic ulcers, pituitary problems, and for building general health. MAGICKAL: Placed in a small jar and kept in a pantry or cabinet, it protects the home from poverty and hunger. Burn alfalfa and scatter the ashes around the property to protect it. GROWING: Alfalfa is cultivated in many regions of the world. It is not picky as to soils, prefers full sun, and regular waterings, although it will tolerate dry spells. It is a perennial that grows to 1 to 3 feet tall, depending upon growing conditions.

*Almond Oil MEDICINAL: Sweet Almond Oil is a great skin softener and is also great as a nonirritating makeup removal. Almond oil is also great for a luxuras bath oil. For Exernal use only.

*Aloe Vera MEDICINAL: The gel of the inner part of an aloe leaf is used to treat burns, skin rashes, and insect bites, as well as chafed nipples from breastfeeding, when applied to the affected area externally. Internally it can be used to keep the bowels functioning smoothly, or when there is an impaction, although it can cause intestinal cramping when taken internally, and there are other herbs that do this job better. It aids in healing wounds by drawing out infection, and preventing infection from starting. The fresh gel is best to,use, rather than "stabilized" gels found in the stores. The fresh gel was used by Cleopatra to keep her skin soft and young. MAGICKAL: Growing an aloe Vera plant in the kitchen will help prevent burns and mishaps while cooking. It will also prevent household accidents, and guard against evil. GROWING: Best

Grown indoors in pots. Those living in the deep South, as in southern Texas or Southern Florida, can grow aloe outdoors. Remember that Aloe is a succulent, not a cactus, so it needs water to keep the leaves fleshy and juicy.

Amaranth MEDICINAL: Amaranth is used to battle stomach flu, diarrhea, and gastoenteritis. It was used by Native Americans to stop menstruation and for contraception. Applied externally, it can reduce tissue swelling from sprains and tick bites. Not to be used by pregnant or lactating women. MAGICKAL: Amaranth is used to repair a broken heart. It is also associated with immortality, and is used to decorate images of gods and goddesses. It is sacred to the god Artemis. Woven into a wreath, it is said to render the wearer invisible. Also used in pagan burial ceremonies.

Angelica MEDICINAL: Angelica is a good herbal tea to take for colic, gas, indigestion, hepatitis, and heartburn. It is useful to add in remedies for afflictions of the respiratory system, as well as liver problems and digestive difficulties. Promotes circulation and energy in the body. It is often used to stimulate the circulation in the pelvic region and to stimulate suppressed menstruation. Angelica should not be used by pregnant women or diabetics. MAGICKAL: Grow it in your garden as a protection for garden and home. The root is often used as aprotective amulet, and has been used to banish evil by burning the leaves. It is

Also used to lengthen life, and is used in protection against diseases, as well as to ward off evil spirits. Adding it to a ritual bath will break spells and hexes. It has often been used to ward off evil spirits in the home. GROWING:Angelica needs rich, moist garden soil in partial shade. It prefers wet bottomlands and swamps, and prefers the cooler northern regions to grow best. It is a perennial that can reach up to 6 feet tall.

*Anise MEDICINAL: Another good herb for colic, gas, and indigestion. It can also be used in herbal remedies for coughing, as it aids in loosening phlegm. It is the mildest of the herbs used for these purposes. MAGICKAL: Anise mixed with bay leaves provides an excellent bath additive prior to ritual. Using anise in potpourri around the house wards off evil, and anise in your sleeping pillow at night will chase away the nightmares. The essential oil is used in ritual baths prior to any divination attempts. It is believed that hanging an anise seed head on your bedpost will restore lost youth. GROWING: Anise likes warm, sunny areas with well-drained, rich sandy soils. It is suitable for all areas of North America. It is an annual, and grows 1-2 feet high. It needs 120 days to produce fully ripened seed heads.

*Apple MEDICINAL: Apples are used to treat constipation. The pectin in fresh apples can help to lower cholesterol levels, an aid in treating heart disease. Crushed apple leaves can be rubbed on a fresh wound to prevent infection. MAGICKAL: Apple blossoms are used in love and healing incenses. An apple should be given to a lover as a present - you should eat one half, the lover the other. It is given as an offering on Samhain to the dead, since it is a symbol of immortality. Apple wood is used to make magickal wands. Pouring apple cider on the ground in your garden before you plant gives the earth life. GROWING: Apple trees grow over most of North America. They need a cool winter period, making them unsuitable for low desert or tropical regions. Check with your local nursery for varieties best suited to your area and growing conditions.

Astragalus MEDICINAL: Astragalus strengthens metabolism and digestion, raises metabolism, aids in strengthening the immune system, and is used in the healing of wounds and injuries. It is

often cooked with broths, rice, or beans for a boost to the healing energies during those illnesses that prevent one from eating normally.

*Basil MEDICINAL:Basil is used to treat stomach cramps, vomiting, fevers, colds, flu, headaches, whooping cough, and menstrual pains. It is also used to reduce stomach acid, making it a valuable part of any treatment for ulcers, and a valuable addition to any recipe using tomatoes for those with sensitive stomachs. Externally, it can be used for insect bites, to draw out the poisons. It has been used in other countries to eliminate worms from the intestines, and the oil from basil leaves is applied directly to the skin to treat acne. MAGICALK: Basil protects from evil and negativity, and aids in attracting and keeping love. It is used for purification baths, and in wealth and prosperity rituals. Carrying a basil leaf in your pocket brings wealth, and if powdered basil is sprinked over your mate while they sleep, it is supposed to eliminate infidelity from your marriage. GROWING: Basil will grow in any well-drained, fairly rich soil, and full sun. It can

be grown throughout most of North America. It is an annual, which reaches 2-3 feet tall. Pinch off the tips to promote bushiness and flower buds to maintain growth.

Bayberry MEDICINAL: Bayberry, taken in small doses, increases the vitality of your total body systems, improving circulation. It can also be used as a poultice over varicose veins to strengthen the blood vessels. A douche made of the tea is used for vaginal infections. Tea made of Bayberry is a good gargle for sore throat and tonsillitis. MAGICKAL: The oil of Bayberry will bring prosperity and luck. The leaves are burned to enhance psychic powers and to produce visions. Worn in an amulet, it will provide protection from evil and negativity. The leaves are used as decorations during the Yule season, and placed in your window it will protect against lightning striking your house. Write a wish on a bay leaf and then burn it if you want the wish to come true. Sprinkling the crushed leaves in your cupboards will keep out cockroaches and other insect pests.

Bistort MEDICINAL: Bistort root, when ground and mixed with echinacea, myrrh, and goldenseal, is a great dressing for cuts and other wounds. It is also a powerful astringent, used by mixing a teaspoon in a cup of boiled water, and drunk several times a day, as a treatment for diarrhea and dysentery. The same mixture can be used as a gargle for sore throats. Bistort is good to drive out infectious disease, and is effective for all internal and external bleeding.

MAGICKAL: An amulet fashioned of the root of Bistort is carried when one wishes to conceive. Sprinkle an infusion of bistort around your home to keep out unwanted visitors of the mischievous variety, such as poltergeists, sprites, etc. GROWING: Bistort prefers damp soils, such as in cultivated fields. It is native to Europe, but has been grown in Nova Scotia and as far south as Massachusetts. It is a perennial that reaches up to 30 inches tall. Blackberry MEDICINAL: A syrup made from the root is used to treat diarrhea and upset stomach (good for treating children). An infusion of the leaves is good for treating diarrhea and sore throat. MAGICKAL: Blackberry leaves are used in money spells, as are the berries. GROWING: Blackberries are perennial vines that grow in many areas, depending on the variety. They require full sun, ver good air circulation, fertile soil that is kept moist, not soggy. Do not grow where you have grown other fruits or vegetables, to

avoid transferring diseases to the young vines. Some varieties need pollinators, so check with your local nurseries to find a variety best suited to your needs and climate.

Black Cohosh MEDICINAL: Black Cohosh is useful in all conditions dealing with arthritis. It improves blood circulation, and is used in treating delayed and painful menstruation, and is often used in conjunction with other herbs in treating menopause symptoms. It should not be used during

pregnancy. Black Cohosh can be poisonous in large doses. It contains a chemical much like estrogen, so those advised by their doctor's not to take the Pill shoud avoid using this herb. MAGICKAL: Black Cohosh leaves laid around a room is said to drive away bugs, and to drive away negativity. GROWING: Black Cohosh grows in open woody areas. It needs good soil and partial to mostly shade to do well. It has been grown as far south as Georgia, and as far west as Missouri. It is a perennial which reaches 3 - 8 feet tall.

Blessed Thistle MEDICINAL: Blessed Thistle is used to strengthen the heart, and is useful in all remedies for lung, kidney, and liver problems. It is also used as a brain food for stimulating the memory. It is used in remedies for menopause and for menstrual cramping. Often used by lactating women to stimulate blood low to the mammary glands and increases the flow of milk. GROWING: Blessed Thistle is generally found along roadsides and in wastelands. It is an annual,

and reaches to 2 feet tall. Most folks consider this a pesky weed, so cultivation is not common. Try gathering some for yourself from the wild, if you dare the stickers - buying commercial is best!

Blue Cohosh MEDICINAL: Blue Cohosh is used to regulate the menstrual flow. It is also used for suppressed menstruation. Native Americans used this herb during childbirth to ease the pain and difficulty that accompany birthing, as well as to induce labor. This herb should not be taken during pregnancy, and should be taken in very small amounts in conjunction with other herbs, such as Black Cohosh. GROWING: Blue Cohosh grows best in deep, loamy, moist woodlands. The berry of this plant is poisonous, and the plant itself can irritate the skin. The root is the part used in herbal medicine. It has a range from southern Canada, as far south as the Carolinas, and as far west as Missouri. This herb is best purchased from the stores, rather than cultivated.

Boneset MEDICINAL: Used for treating severe fevers, as well as flu and catarrh conditions. One to two tablespoons of the tincture in hot water is used for sweat therapy to break fevers. MAGICKAL: An infusion sprinked around the house will drive away evil spirits and negativity. GROWING:Boneset prefers damp to moist rich soils. It is a North American native perennial that reaches 2 to 4 feet high, and grows in partial sun.

Borage MEDICINAL: Used for treating bronchitis, rashes, and to increase mother's milk. The infusion is used as an eyewash. MAGICKAL: Carrying the fresh blossoms brings courage. The tea will induce your psychic powers. GROWING: Borage was once widely planted in gardens throughout Europe. It was brought to the United States, and now grows wild in much of the eastern half of the nation. It is an annual that grows in most soils, tolerates dry spells, and prefers full sun, reaching to 2 feet in height.

Burdock MEDICINAL: Burdock Root is used to treat skin diseases, boils, fevers, inflammations, hepatitis, swollen glands, some cancers, and fluid retention. It is an excellent blood purifier. A tea made of the leaves of Burdock is also used for indigestion. Very useful for building the systems of young women. Helps clear persistent teenage acne if taken for three to four weeks. Used with dandelion root for a very effective liver cleanser and stimulator.

MAGICKAL: Used to ward off all sorts of negativity, making it invaluable for protective amulets and sachets. Add to potpourri in the house.

Caraway MEDICINAL: Caraway aids digestion, can help promote menses, can increase a mother's milk, and is good to add to cough remedies as an expectorant. MAGICKAL: Carry Caraway in an amulet for protection. Carrying caraway seeds promotes the memory. It can also guard against theft. It is said to promote lust when baked into breads, cookies, or cakes. GROWING: Caraway can be found in meadows, woods, and rocky areas. It prefers a rich soil. Native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, it also grows wild here in North America. It is a biennial that reaches 1 1/2 - 2 feet high.

Cascara Sagrada MEDICINAL: Used in treating chronic constipation, and is a stimulant to the whole digestive system. It is a safe laxative, and is useful for treating intestinal gas, liver and gall bladder complaints, and enlarged liver. MAGICKAL: Sprinkled around the home before going to court, it will help you to win your case. It is ued in money spells and in repelling evil and hexes. GROWING:Cascara Sagrada is a tree that is native to the Pacific Northwest regions of NorthAmerica.

Catnip MEDICINAL: Catnip is effective alone or in herbal remedies for colds, flu, fevers, upset stomach, and insomnia. Particularly good for children with upset stomachs in a very mild infusion. MAGICKAL: Use the large leaves, well dried, to mark pages in magickal books. Use in conjunction with rose petals in love sachets. It will also create a psychic bond between you and your cat. Grow near your home to attract luck and good spirits. GROWING: Catnip will grow in most soils, and tends to enjoy a bit of the dry spells once it is established. It grows throughout North America, and is a perennial reaching to 3 feet high.

Cat's Claw MEDICINAL: Also known as una de gato. Used in treatment of arthritis, gastritis, tumors, dysentery, female hormonal imbalances, viral infections. It is effective in aiding treatment of the immune system, the intestinal system, and the cardivoascular system. This herb should not be taken by those who have received an organ transplant, nor by pregnant or nursing women.

Cayenne MEDICINAL: Cayenne, also called capsicum, is very effective added to liniments for all sorts of arthritis and muscle aches. It benefits the heart and circulation when taken alone or added to other remedies. It is also used to stimulate the action of other herbs. It will stop bleeding both externally and internally, making it excellent for use with ulcers. It is used in antibiotic combinations, for menstrual cramps, and as a part of treatment for depression. MAGICKAL: Cayenne pepper scattered around your house will break bad spells. Adding it to love powders will ensure that your love will be spicy, and can inflame the loved one with passion. GROWING: Cayenne pepper plants like a good, rich soil, plenty of water, and full sun. The peppers are dried after ripening. For herbal use, the peppers are usually ground into a powder and mixed with other powdered herbs in capsules.

*Cedar MAGICKAL: Cedar chips used in rituals or burnt attracts money, and is also used in purification and healing. It is a symbol of power and longevity. Hung in the home it will protect against lightning. Juniper can be used in place of cedar. GROWING: There are many types of cedars that grow throughout the world. Check with your local nursery for varieties best suited to your area. Cedars are evergreen perennials that are attractive in any landscape.

*Chamomile MEDICINAL: Use the tea for nerves and menstrual cramps. The tea is also useful for babies and small children with colds and stomach troubles. Also used to calm the body for inducing sleep in insomniac conditions. It is also a good wash for sore eyes and open sores. MAGICKAL: Chamomile is used in prosperity charms to attract money. Added to incense, it will produce a relaxed state for better meditation. Burned alone it will induce sleep. Added to a ritual bath, it will attract love. Sprinkle it around your property to remove curses and bad spells. GROWING: Chamomile is an annual that adapts to most soils, likes lots of water and full sun. It grows up to 20 inches tall.


MEDICINAL: Chickweed is an excellent source of many B vitamins and various minerals. It is used to treat bronchitis, pleurisy, coughs, colds, and as a blood builder. Externally it is good for skin diseases, and the tea added to the bath is good for soothing skin irritations and rashes.

MAGICKAL: Chickweed is carried and/or used in spells to attract love and to maintain a relationship. GROWING: This annual spreading plant is usually hated as an obnoxious weed by the typical gardener. It is found throughout temperate areas of North America and of Europe, the plant's native homeland. It prefers full sun, average to poor soils, and infrequent watering.

*Cinnamon MEDICINAL: Add cinnamon to remedies for acute symptoms, as this herb is a stimulant to other herbs and the body, enabling herbal remedies to work faster. It is also a blood purifier, an infection preventer, and a digestive aid. Do not ingest cinnamon oil. MAGICKAL: Burned in incense, cinnamon will promote high spirituality. It is also used to stimulate the passions of the male. It should also be burned in incenses used for healing. The essential oil is used for protection.

Clover MEDICINAL: Red Clover is used as a nerve tonic and as a sedative for exhaustion. It is used to strengthen those children with weak systems, and is used with children for coughs, bronchitis, wheezing, as it is mild to their systems. It is often used in combination with many other drugs in the treatment of cancer. It is also used for skin eruptions (acne). MAGICKAL: Clover brings luck, prsperity, and health. Carrying a three-leaf clover gives you protection. Worn over the right breast it will bring you success in all undertakings. GROWING:

Grow clover as you would lawn grasses. Clover is an excellent cover crop, planted in fallow areas and turned under in the fall, it makes an excellent fertilizer for poor soils.

*Cloves MEDICINAL: Clove oil will stop a toothache when it is applied directly to the cavity. It is very warm and stimulating to the system, and is very useful with people who have cold extremities. Cloves will promote sweating with fevers, colds, and flu. It is often used in remedies for whooping cough. Cloves are also safe and effective for relieving vomiting during pregnancy. MAGICKAL: Cloves worn in an amulet will drive away negativity and hostility, and stop gossip. It is often carried to stimulate the memory, and can be added to attraction sachets. Clove oil is also worn as an aphrodisiac, and the buds when eaten are said to stir up bodily lusts. It is placed in sachets with mint and rose to chase away melancholy and to help one sleep soundly. Carried, it can also bring comfort to the bereaved and mourning.


MEDICINAL: Used to treat respiratory problems, and is soothing to the stomach and intestines. Combine with horehound, ginger, and licorice root for a soothing cough syrup. MAGICKAL: Coltsfoot is added to love sachets and is used in spells of peace and tranquility. GROWING: Coltsfoot is a perennial that prefers damp, clay soils. It grows 5 to 18 inches high, and likesfull to partial sun.

Comfrey MEDICINAL: A poultice of comfrey heals wounds, burns, sores, and bruises. It is a powerful remedy for coughs, ulcers, healing broken bones and sprains, and is used in treating asthma. Large amounts or dosages can cause liver damage, but there are no problems with using it externally. Used internally, it is best and safest to use a tea, rather than capsules. MAGICKAL: Carrying comfrey during travel will ensure your safety. Put some in your luggage to prevent it being lost or stolen. It will also bring luck to the carrier. GROWING: Comfrey prefers well-drained soils and partial shade. It grows from Canada to Georgia, as far west as Missouri, in the wild. It is a perennial that grows to 3 feet high. It can be started from seed, but you will be more successful with cuttings. Once established, it will spread vigorously. Harvest leaves when the flowers bud, and roots in the autumn after the first frost.

Cornflower MEDICINAL: Juices from the stems of this plant are used externally to treat wounds and cuts. MAGICKAL: Cornflower is used to promote and enhance phsychic sight, as well as normal eyesight. GROWING: Cornflower is adaptable to many soils and conditions. It is an annual that grows 1 - 2 feet tall.

Cramp Bark MEDICINAL: Cramp Bark is one of the best female regulators in the herb world. It is a uterine sedative, aiding in menstrual cramps and afterbirth. It helps to prevent miscarriage, as well as internal hemmorhaging. Damiana is used to regulate the female cycles. It is also used to stimulate the sexualappetite. It is good for urinary problems and nervousness, as well as hypertension. MAGICKAL: Damiana is used in infusions to incite lust, and is burned to produce visions.

Dandelion MEDICINAL: Dandelion benefits all aspects of the liver. It clears obstructions and detoxifies poisons. It will also promote healthy circulation. The juice from a broken stem can be applied to warts and allowed to dry; used for 3 days or so it will dry up the warts. It is also used to treat

premenstrual syndrome, as it is a diuretic. Also helps clear skin eruptions. MAGICKAL: It is a sign of rain when the down from a ripened dandelion head falls without wind helping it to do so. To blow the seeds off a ripened head is to carry your thoughts to a loved one, near or far. GROWING: Dandelion is a common yard, garden, and roadside weed. Do not gather where chemicals have been used, and don't gather those near roadsides, as they have been contaminated from exhausts.

*Dill MEDICINAL: Dill is used to treat colic, gas, and indigestion. MAGICKAL: Dill is used in love and protection sachets. The dried seed heads hung in the home, over doorways, and above cradles provides protection. Add dill to your bath to make you irresistible to your lover. GROWING: Dill grows in most regions of North America. It needs sun and a well-drained soil, and frequent waterings. It is a hardy annual, biennial in the deep southern regions, that reaches 2 - 3 feet tall. Dill matures quickly, and self-sows for the following year. Plant in six week intervals for a season-long supply of fresh dill.

Dong Quai MEDICINAL: A powerful herb for the female reproductive system. It is a powerful uterine tonic and hormonal regulator. Used in premenstrual syndrome formulas as well as menopausal formulas.

Dragon's Blood MEDICINAL: The resin of Dragon's Blood is used externally as a wash to promote healing and stop bleeding. Internally it is used for chest pains, post-partum bleeding, internal traumas, and menstrual irregularities. MAGICKAL: Added to love incenses and sachets, it increases the potency of other herbs used. A piece of the plant is often used under the mattress as a cure for impotency. It is also used in spells to bring back a loved one. A pinch added to other herbs for magickal purposes will increase their potency.

*Echinacea MEDICINAL: Echinacea, also known as Purple Coneflower, is a natural antibiotic and immune system stimulator, helping to build resistance to colds, flus, and infections. It increases the production of white blood cells, and improves the lymph glands. The tea from this herb should be used in all infections, and has been used in treating skin cancers and other cancers.

MAGICKAL: Echinacea is used as an offering to the spirits or gods and goddesses to strengthen a spell or ritual. GROWING: Echinacea likes the prairies and other open, dry places. It adapts to most soils, in full sun, except wet ones. It grows over most of North America. It is a perennial, and reaches to about 2 feet tall. The root is used ground, and the leaves are used for teas.

*Elder MEDICINAL: Elder flowers mixed with mint and yarrow blossoms are excellent internal cleansers when fighting flu and colds. A tea of the elder flowers and sassafras is a remedy for acne. Elder flower oil is a remedy for chapped skin. The leaves can be used as an antiseptic poultice for external wounds, and as an insect repellant. Should not be used internally by pregnant or lactating women. MAGICKAL: The branches of the sacred elder are used to make magickal wands for ritual. Scattering the leaves in the four winds will bring protection. Elderberry wine, made from the berries, is used in rituals. In Denmark, it is believed to be unlucky to have furniture made of elder wood. Grown near your home, elder will offer protection to the dwellers. It is used at weddings to bring good luck to the newlyweds. Flutes made formt he branches are used to bring forth spirits. GROWING: Elder is a tree or shrub, growing to 30 feet tall. It prefers moist areas

throughout North America. The leaves, bark, and roots of the American varieties generally contain poisonous alkaloids and should not be used internally.

Elecampane MEDICINAL: Elecampane is used for intestinal worms, water retention, and to lessen tooth decay and firm the gums. It gives relief to respiratory ailments. It is usually used in combination with other herbs.Externally it is used as a wash for wounds and itching rashes. It is burned to repel insects. MAGICKAL: Add this herb to love charms and amulets of all kinds. Used with mistletoe and vervain, itis especially powerful. Use when scrying for better results. GROWING: Elecampane enjoys roadsides and damp fields and pastures. Plant it in full sun in a damp, but not soggy, location. It is a perennial that grows 3 - 6 feet tall. The root is most commonly used.

*Eucalyptus MEDICINAL: Eucalyptus oil is a powerful antiseptic, and is used to treat pyorrhea (gum disease), and is used on burns to prevent infections. The oil breathed in will help clear the sinuses, as will the steam from boiling the leaves. When mixed with water or vegetable oils, it makes a good insect

repellant. A small drop on the tongue eases nausea. MAGICKAL: Healing energies come from the leaves. A branch or wreath over the bed of a sick person will help spread the healing energies. The oil is added to healing baths, and for purifications. GROWING: Eucalyptus reigns among the tallest trees in the world, capable of reaching heights of over 250 feet tall. It thrives only in areas where the average temperature remains above 60 degrees, and is adaptable to several soil conditions.

Evening Primrose MEDICINAL: Evening Primrose oil stimulates to help with liver and spleen conditions. In Europe, it has been used to treat Multiple Sclerosis. It lowers blood pressure, and eases the pain of angina by opening up the blood vessels. It has been found to help slow the production of cholesterol, and has been found to lower cholesterol levels. Used with Dong Quai and Vitex, it is a valuable part of an herbal remedy for treating the symptoms of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) and menstrual cramping. GROWING: The American variety is found throughout North America. It enjoys dry soils and full sun. It is a biennial, and grows 3 - 6 feet tall. The seed oil is the most commonly used portion of the plant. Some nurseries sell evening primrose, but they are actually a small, showy hybrid of the perennial Missouri Primrose, and does not have the same medicinal uses, so be sure you are buying the plant you really want.

Eyebright MEDICINAL: Eyebright stimulates the liver to remove toxins from the body. It has been used internally and externally to treat eye infections and afflictions, such as pink-eye. The herb strengthens the eye, and helps to repair damage. MAGICKAL: Eyebright is used to make a simple tea to rub on the eyelids to induce and enhance clairvoyant visions. GROWING: Eyebright is adaptable to many soil types in full sun. It is a

small annual, growing 2 - 8 inches high. It attaches itself by underground suckers to the roots of neighboring grass plants and takes its nutrients from them. To be cultivated, it must be given nurse plants on whose roots it can feed.

False Unicorn MEDICINAL: False Unicorn is very soothing for a delicate stomach. It also stimulates the reproductive organs in women and men. This herb is very important for use during menopause, due to its positive effects on uterine disorders, headaches, and depression. GROWING: False Unicorn grows primarily in very moist areas, in partially shady areas, throughout North America.

Fennel MEDICINAL: Fennel helps to take away the appetite. It is often used as a sedative for small children. Itimproves digestion, and is very helpful with coughs. It is also used for cancer patients after radiation and chemotherapy treatments. Enriches and increases the flow of milk for lactating women. MAGICKAL: Use for scenting soaps and perfumes to ward off negativity and evil. Grow near the home for the same purpose. GROWING: Fennel prefers dry, sunny areas. It is a perennial that can reach 4 - 6 feet high, and grows in most average to poor soils.

Fenugreek MEDICINAL: Fenugreek is used to soften and expel mucous. It has antiseptic properties and will kill infections in the lungs. Used with lemon and honey, it will help reduce a fever and will soothe and nourish the body during illness. It has been used to relax the uterus, and for this reason should not be taken by pregnant women. MAGICKAL: Adding a few fenugreek seeds to the mop water used to clean your household floors will bring money into the household. GROWING: Fenugreek likes dry, moderately fertile soil in a sunny location. It is an annual, and grows to 1 - 3 feet tall.

Feverfew MEDICINAL: Feverfew is used to treat colds, fevers, flu, and digestive problems. It is often used to end migraines and other headaches. MAGICKAL: Feverfew is carried for protection against illnesses involving fever, as well as for preventing accidents. GROWING: Feverfew bears a resemblance to chamomile. It prefers dry places, will tolerate poor soil, and is a hardy biennial or perennial, growing to 2 1/2 feet. It prefers full sun.

Frankincense MEDICINAL: Frankincense relieves menstrual pains, and treats rheumatic aches and pains. Externally it is used for liniments and for its antiseptic properties. MAGICKAL: Frankincense is burned to raise vibrations, purify, and exorcise. It will aid meditations and visions. The essential oil is used to anoint magickal tools, altars, etc.


MEDICINAL: Garlic is a powerful natural antibiotic. It can stimulate cell growth and activity. It reduces blood pressure in hypertensive conditions. A main advantage to using garlic for its antibiotic properties is that it does not destroy the body's natural flora. It is excellent for use in all colds and infections of the body. When ingesting the raw cloves, a sprig of parsley chewed immediately after will freshen the breath. MAGICKAL: Peeled garlic cloves placed in each room is said to ward off disease. It is hung in new homes to dispel negativity and evil, and (don't laugh!) to ward off vampires. It is a strong protective herb. Place a clove under the pillow of sleeping children to protect them. GROWING: Garlic is a perennial herb that likes moderate soil and lots of sun and warmth. The plant grows to 2 feet tall. The bulb is the most common used portion, although the greens are often used in salads.

*Ginger MEDICINAL: Ginger is an excellent herb to use for strengthening and healing the respiratory system, as well as for fighting off colds and flu. It removes congestion, soothes sore throats, and relieves headaches and body aches. Combined with other herbs, it enhances their effectiveness. It is also very effective in combatting motion sickness. Recommended during pregnancy for treating morning sickness and digestive problems, as well as safe to use during pregnancy for colds and sore throats. MAGICKAL: Ginger is used in passion spells, to "heat up" the relationship. It is used in success spells, and to ensure the success of spells. GROWING: Ginger grows through most of North America. It reaches to 6 inches high, and is a perennial. The ground root is the part used for healing.

*Ginseng MEDICINAL: Ginseng stimulates the body to overcome all forms of illness, physical and mental. It is used to lower blood pressure, increase endurance, aid in relieving depression, and is a sexual stimulant. The dried root is used for healing purposes. It has been used throughout ancient times to the present day for use in conjunction with most herbs in treating all sorts of illnesses, including cancers, digestive troubles, and memory. It is used to tone the body during stress and to overcome fatigue. During menopause it aids in rejuvenating the system and balances hormones, as well as aids in regulating hot flashes. MAGICKAL: Ginseng is carried to guard your health and to attract love. It will also ensure sexual potency. Ginseng is an effecitve substitute for mandrake in all spells. GROWING: Ginseng can be very difficult to grow. Germination of disinfected seeds (to kill mold, which plagues ginseng at all stages of growth) can take up to a year

or more. Plant in early autumn

in raised beds of very humus-rich soil. Plants must be shaded at all times. Roots are not harvested until the plants are at least 6 years old. Take care during harvesting and drying not to break off any of the "arms" of the root. Dry for one month before use.

Goldenseal MEDICINAL: Goldenseal is another natural, powerful antibiotic. It should not be used by pregnant women. The herb goes straight to the bloodstream and eliminates infection in the body. It enables the liver to recover. When taken in combination with other herbs, it will boost the properties for the accompanying herbs. MAGICKAL: Goldenseal is used n properity spells, as well as healing spells and rituals. GROWING: Goldenseal prefers rich soils in partial shade. It is a perennial herb that grows 6 - 18 inches high. The dried ground root is the part most often used, although the dried leaves are used in teas. It is difficult to grow successfully, and the plants need to be at least 6 years old before harvesting.

Gotu Kola MEDICINAL: Gotu Kola is and excellent mental stimulant. It is often used after mental breakdowns, and used regularly, can prevent nervous breakdown, as it is a brain cell stimulant. It relieves mental fatigue and senility, and aids the body in defending itself against toxins. MAGICKAL: Gotu Kola is used in meditation incenses.

Hawthorn MEDICINAL: Hawthorn is effective for curing insomnia. Hawthorn is used to prevent miscarriage and for treating nervousness. Hawthorn has been used for centuries in treating heart disease, as regular use strengthens the heart muscles, and to prevent arteriosclerosis, angina, and poor heart action. MAGICKAL: The leaves are used to make protection sachets. They are also carried to ensure good fishing. In Europe, Hawthorn was used to repel witchcraft spells. Bringing branches of it into the home is supposed to portend death. It is incorporated into spells and rituals for fertility. It will protect the home from damaging storms. GROWING: Hawthorn is a deciduous tree or shrub, that can reach 40 feet tall. It grows throughout North America. It is tolerant of most soils, but prefers alkaline, rich, moist loam. Consult a nursery for the best species to use in your area. The fruit is the part used in healing.

Hazel MAGICKAL: Hazel's forked branches are used for divining, and the wood makes wonderful wands.

Hazel nuts hung in the house will bring luck, and can be carried to cause fertility. Eaten, the nuts bring wisdom. GROWING: Hazelnut trees do best when planted in a well-drained, fertile, slightly acid soil. They do best where the winter temps are above -10.

Heather MEDICINAL: A tea made of heather blossoms is used to suppress coughing, and as an aid for sleeplessness. MAGICKAL: Heather is carried as a guard against rape and violent crime. In potpourri, it adds protection. When burned with fern, it will bring rain. GROWING: Heather prefers rocky or sandy soils and full sun. It is an evergreen shrub that grows 1 -2 feet tall.

Henbane MEDICINAL: Henbane stops pain, and lessens perspiration. Henbane is very toxic, so it should not be used by pregnant women or the weak or children, and should be used in only extremely small amounts for external use only, and not on a regular basis. A poultice of leaves is used briefly to remove pain from wounds. MAGICKAL: Henbane is sometimes thrown into the water to bring rain. In olden times, it had many more uses, but is seldom used today due to its poisonous nature. GROWING: Henbane grows wild throughout temperate North Americal. Due to its toxic nature, it is not advisable to grow in the home garden.

Holly MAGICKAL: Holly is used as a protective plant, and used as decoration during the Yule season. Planted outside the home, it will also afford protection. Sprinkle holly water on newborn babies to protect them. GROWING: Holly likes slightly acid soils, and can tolerate poor, sandy soil. It needs full sun, and grows to about 4 feet tall.

Hops MEDICINAL: Hops is a sedative. Therefore, it is useful in treating insomnia and nervous tension. It is mild and safe. It is used in brewing beer and ales. Hops is also used for treating coughs, bladder ailments, and liver ailments. Externally it is used to treat itching skin rashes and hives. It also removes poisons from the body. MAGICKAL: Hops is used in healing incenses. Sleep pillows often include hops to induce sleep

and pleasant dreams. GROWING: Hops prefers full sun, and will adapt to many soils. It is a perennial vine that reaches to 30 feet in height. The portion of the plant used in healing are the dried flowers.

Horehound MEDICINAL: Horehound is used in children's cough remedies, as it is a gentle but effective expectorant. It acts as a tonic for the respiratory system and stomach. In large doses it acts as a laxative. MAGICKAL: Horehound is used in incenses for protection. It is also used in exorcisms. GROWING: Horehound likes dry sandy soils and full sun. It is a perennial (except in very cold climates) that reaches to 3 feet tall. It is a vigorous grower and can become a pest if not carefully controlled. It needs little water, tolerates poor soils, and does best in full sun. It blooms during its second year.

Horsetail MEDICINAL: Horsetail is used in treating urinary tract infections. It aids in coagulation and decreases bleeding. It will also help broken bones heal faster, and will help brittle nails and hair, due to its high silica content. It has also been used as part of a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. The plant alone, boiled in water, makes an effective foot soak for tired feet, or for the treatment of athlete's foot. Do not use if pregnant or nursing. MAGICKAL: Whistles made from the stalks of Horsetail are used to call the spirits. GROWING: Horsetail needs swamps and damp places to grow, in full sun to partial shade. It grows to 1- 2 feet tall. The plant itself is used in healing.

Hyssop MEDICINAL: Hyssop is used in treating lung ailments. The leaves have been applied to wounds to aid in healing. The tea is also used to soothe sore throats. It has been used to inhibit the growth of the herpes simplex virus. MAGICKAL: Hyssop is used in purification baths and rituals, and used to cleanse persons and objects. GROWING: Hyssop prefers dry conditions, tolerates most soils, and full sun. It is a member of the mint family. It is a perennial shrubby plant growing to 3 feet tall.

Iceland Moss MEDICINAL: Iceland Moss, a lichen, has been used for centuries to treat all kinds of chest ailments. It is used to nourish the weak, elderly, and weakly children.

GROWING: Iceland Moss grows in cold, humid mountain areas and wooded areas. It grows to 4 inches tall.

Ivy MAGICKAL: Ivy is grown to grow up the ouside of the home to act as a guardian and protector. It is worn by brides to bring luck to the marriage. GROWING: Ivy has many different varieties, and most will adapt to many different soil and growing conditions. It grows throughout North America.

*Jasmine MAGICKAL: Jasmine is used in love sachets and incenses. It is used to attract spiritual love. A drop of the essential oil in almond oil, massaged into the skin, is said to overcome frigidity. Carrying, burning, or wearing the flowers attracts wealth and money. If burned in the bedroom, Jasmine will bring prophetic dreams. Jasmine can also be used in teas. GROWING: Jasmine is best grown indoors in pots. It is an evergreen vine. It likes bright light, but no direct sun, some support such as a trellis, lots of water, and occasional fertilizing.

*Jojoba MEDICINAL: Jojoba oil from the seed has been used to promote hair growth and relieve skin problems for centuries. It is effective in treating dandruff, psoriasis, dry and chapped skin. It is also very good for Sensitive skin types. Jojoba is a great massage oil. You can use it for removing makeup. It can be used as a leave in hair treatment while in the sun or as aftershave moisturizer.

Juniper MEDICINAL: Juniper has been used to clear uric acid from the body. It is high in natural insulin, and has the ability to heal the pancreas where there has been no permanent damage. It is useful for all urinary infections and for water retention problems. Juniper is used externally as a compress to treat acne, athlete's foot, dry skin, and dandruff. MAGICKAL: Juniper is used to protect from accidents and theft. Grown at your doorstep, it will offer your home protection. It is used in incenses for protection. GROWING: Junipers of all species are adaptable to many growing conditions. They are low-maintenance plants. Choose a species suited to your landscape needs, to avoid problems later, as some folks plant them with no regard for their eventual size, and sometime find they have a nuisance on their hands as the plant matures. If you want berries, you must plant a male and a female juniper.

Kava Kava MEDICINAL: Used to treat insomnia and nervousness. Relieves stress after injury. Used as a tea for pains associated with nerve and skin diseases. Large doses can cause a buildup of toxic substances in the liver. MAGICKAL: A tea of kava kava is drunk to offer protection against evil and to invite good luck. Sprinkle the tea around the home and property for the same uses.

Kelp MEDICINAL: Kelp is used to strengthen and promote the glands. It controls the thyroid and regulates metabolism. It is a sustainer to the nervous system and the brain, and is a terrific boost for pregancy and the developing child. It contains over 30 minerals and vitamins. GROWING: Best found in stores, as this is a seaweed that grows in the ocean.

*Lavendar MEDICINAL: Lavendar tea made from the blossoms is used as an antidepressant. It is used in combination with other herbs for a remedy for depression and nervous tension and stress. It is also used as a headache remedy. It also can be used to aid digestion and calm nerves. OTHER USES: A wad of cotten moistened with Lavender will keep moths away and freshen a room. Also used to repel insects such a flys and mosquitos. MAGICKAL: Lavendar is used in purification baths and rituals. It is used in healing incenses and sachets. Carrying the herb will enable the carrier to see ghosts. The essential oil will heighten sexual desire in men. Lavendar water sprinkled on the head is helpful in keeping your chastity. The flowers are burned to induce sleep, and scattered throughout the home to maintain peaceful harmony within. Carrying lavendar brings strength and courage. GROWING:Lavendar likes light sandy soil and full sun. It grows to 2-3 feet tall 3 feet

wide. It should be mulched in colder climates for winter protection for this perennial.

Lemon Balm MEDICINAL: Lemon Balm is used in treating headaches, colds, and nervous or upset stomachs. Externally the crushed leaves can be applied to wounds and insect bites to speed healing. MAGICKAL: Lemon Balm is used in spells to bring success, and in healing spells. It is often used in spells to find love and friendship. GROWING: Lemon Balm is a perennial that can reach up to 3 feet high. It needs full sun and rich soil with regular watering. Plant where you can enjoy the lemon scent of the leaves from a porch, deck, or open window.

Licorice MEDICINAL: Licorice Root is a great source of the female hormone estrogen. It is used for coughs and chest ailments. It is an important herb to use when recovering from an illness, as it supplies needed energy to the system. Used as a remedy for stomach and heart problems, indigestion, and most respiratory ailments. Helps to normalize and regulate hormone production. Should not be used by pregnant women as it can sometimes lead to high blood pressure with prolonged use. MAGICKAL: Licorice root was buried in tombs and caskets to help the soul pass easily into the Summerland. Chewing on a piece of the root will make you passionate. It is added to love sachets, and an ingredient in spells to ensure fidelity. GROWING: Licorice is a perennial that reaches 3 to 7 feet tall. Hard freezes will kill it, so it grows best in warm sunny climates.

Lovage MEDICINAL: Lovage root eases bloating and flatulence. It is also used with other herbs to counteract colds and flu. MAGICKAL: Lovage is added to baths to clean the pysychic portion of the mind. Added to baths with rose petals will make you attractive to the opposite sex. GROWING: Lovage is a perennial that grows 3 - 7 feet tall. It is adaptable to many conditions, and does best in full sun.

Mandrake MEDICINAL: Mandrake is a very strong gland stimulant. It is used to treat skin problems, digestion, and chronic liver diseases. It is most often combined with other herbs. It is very powerful and should be used with caution, as well as in very small small dosages. Pregnant women should not use this herb. It is potentially very toxic to anyone if improperly used. Do not use this herb without the proper guidance from a professional! MAGICKAL: Mandrake is used in the home as a powerful protection. It is carried to promote conception, and men carry it to promote fertility and cure impotency.

Marigold MEDICINAL: Marigold is a great first aid remedy. It relieves headaches, earaches, and reduces fevers. It is excellent for the heart and for the circulation. It is also used externally to heal wounds and bruises. MAGICKAL: Fresh marigolds in any room heightens the energy within. Placed under the pillow before bed, it induces clairvoyancy. Planted in rows with tomatoes, it will keep pests from them and other vegetables. Planted near the porch/deck, it will keep mosquitoes away. It is also used to attract and see the fairies. Scattered under the bed, they protect during sleep. Add to bath water to

win the respect of everyone you meet. GROWING: Marigold is an annual plant that comes in many sizes and colors. It is adaptable to many soils. Give plenty of water and full sun.

Marjoram MEDICINAL: Marjoram is useful for treating asthma, coughs, and is used to strengthen the stomach and intestines, as well as used with other herbs for headaches. MAGICKAL: Marjoram should be added to all love charms and sachets. A bit in each room will aid in protection of the home. If given to a grieving or depressed person, it will bring them happiness. GROWING: Marjoram is a perennial herb growing 1 - 3 feet tall. It likes all kinds of soils, and prefers full sun and rich soil. It is grown as an annual or wintered indoors in cold regions.

Marshmallow MEDICINAL: Marshmallow aids in the expectoration of difficult mucous and phlegm. It helps to relax and soothe the bronchial tubes, making it valuable for all lung ailments. It is an anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory for joints and the digestive system. It is often used externally with cayenne to treat blood poisoning, burns, and gangrene. GROWING: Marshmallow needs marshes and swamps to grow. It is a perennial growing to 4 feet tall.

Mugwort MEDICINAL: Mugwort is used in all conditions dealing with nervousness, shaking, and insomnia. It is used to help induce menses, especially combined with cramp bark. Often used to stimulate the liver and as a digestive aid. It should not be used by pregant women.

Poison Ivy MAGICKAL: Add to divination incenses. It is carried to prevent poisoning and stroke. Fresh leaves rubbed on magickal tools will increase their powers. An infusion made of mugwort is used to cleanse crystals and scrying mirrors. Placed beneath your pillow, or in a dream pillow, it will promote astral travel and good dreams.

Mullein MEDICINAL: Mullein is a terrific narcotic herb that is not addictive or poisonous. It is used as a pain killer and to bring on sleep. It loosens mucous, making it useful for treating lung ailments. It strengthens the lymphatic system.

MAGICKAL: Mullein is worn to give the carrier courage. The leaves are also carried to prevent animal attacks and accidents when in the wilderness. In a sleeping pillow it will guard against nightmares. Use as a substitution in old spells for "grave dust". GROWING: Mullein is adaptable to many soils. It prefers full sun. It is a biennial plant growing to 8 feet tall. It is a prolific self-sower.

Myrrh MEDICINAL: Myrrh is a powerful antiseptic, being a remedy second only to echinacea. It is a strong cleaning and healing agent, soothing the body and speeding the healing process. It is often used with goldenseal. It is most often used in mouthwashes, gargles, and toothpastes for fighting and preventing gum disease. MAGICKAL: Myrrh is burned to purify and protect. It is used to consecrate and purify ritual tools and objects needing to be blessed. It is a standard magickal herb to be included in the tools of everyone.

Myrtle MEDICINAL: Myrtle is used to treat bronchitis, bruises, bad breath, wounds, colds, sinusitis, and coughs. MAGICKAL: Myrtle is burned as an incense to bring beauty, to honor Diana and to Venus, and is a symbol of glory and happy love. Myrtle tea will make you look beautiful to your loved one. A distillation of the leaves and flowers combined will make a wonderful beauty wash for the face, and is known as "angel water". It is used in spells to keep love alive and exciting. Grow on each side of the house to preserve and protect the love within. GROWING: Myrtle is an evergreen plant that prefers warm climates. It has small pointed leaves, and grows to about 12 feet high. Its blossoms are small, white, and in clusters. The leaves are gathered and dried for use in August.

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Nettle MEDICINAL: The plant is used for high blood pressure, gout, PMS, rheumatism, and ending diarrhea, scurvy, liver and prostate problems. Externally it is used as a compress to treat neuralgia and arthritis. It is a very high source of digestible iron. Also treats anemia, fatigue, edema, menstrual difficulties, hay fever and allergies. MAGICKAL: Sprinkle nettle around the room to protect it. It is also burned during ceremonies for exorcism. Stuffed in a poppet and sent back to the sender of a curse or bad spell, it will end the negativity. Nettles gathered before sunrise and fed to cattle is said to drive evil spirits from them. GROWING: As nettle is considered a bothersome weed, it is best to purchase this herb from a store.

The spines on a nettle plant can cause painful stinging, so it is not a good idea to include it in your herbal garden.

*Nutmeg MEDICINAL: A small amount of nutmeg, about the size of a pea, can be taken once daily over a long period (6 months to a year) to relieve chronic nervous problems, as well as heart problems stemming from poor circulation. Added to milk, and baked fruits and desserts, it aids in digestion, and relieves nausea. Large doses can be poisonous, and may cause miscarriage for pregnant women. MAGICKAL: Carried, nutmeg will help with clairvoyancy, and ward off rheumatism. It is included in prosperity mixtures. Nutmegs are carried as good luck charms.

Oak MEDICINAL: Oak bark is used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, and bleeding. For external use the bark and/or leaves are boiled and then applied to bruises, swollen tissues, wounds that are bleeding, and varicose veins. MAGICKAL: The oak is the most sacred of all the trees. The most powerful mistletoe grows in oaks. The leaves are burned for purification, and the branches make powerful wands. The acorn is a fertility nut. It is carried to promote conception, ease sexual problems, and increase sexual attractiveness. The leaves and bark are used in binding spells. Planting an acorn in the dark of the Moon will bring you money. Oak wood carreid will protect from harm, and hung in the home it will protect the home and all within.

*Oats MEDICINAL: Oats are a traditional food for those recovering from an illness. It also supplies necessary fiber in the diet. Oats made into packs and pastes clear up many skin disorders, such as acne. Oats reducces blood cholesterol levels. MAGICKAL: Oats are used in prosperity and money spells, and in rituals to the harvest. GROWING: Oats are an annual grass that grows up to 4 feet tall. Easiest to purchase from a health food store, as much is needed to be beneficial, and takes up more room than the average gardener has available. It does make a pretty ornamental grass in the garden and around foundations.

*Onion MEDICINAL: Onion is used externally as an antiseptic. Internally, it can alleviate gas pains, reduce hypertension, and reduce cholesterol. MAGICKAL: Has been used as a charm against evil spirits. Halved or quartered onions placed in

the home absorb negativity. An onion under your pillow will give you prophetic dreams. Magickal swords and knives are purified by rubbing them with an onion half. GROWING: Onion is a perennial herb that grows from a bulb. It prefers rich garden soils and plenty of water. The greens above ground can be used alone, and the bulb harvested by pulling from the ground, and allowing the tops to dry before storing in a dry location, with temperatures between 35 and 50 degrees F.

*Orange MAGICKAL: The dried peel is added to love charms. The fresh or dried orange flowers added to the bath makes you attractive.The fruit itself hinders or banishes lust. Orange juice is used in rituals in place of wine. GROWING: Oranges prefer a rich, sandy soil, and warm year-round temperatures. For most of us, that means growing them indoors as house plants.

*Oregano MEDICINAL: Oregano is used to promote perspiration as a treatment for colds, flu, and fevers. A tea of oregano is often used to bring on menses and relieve associated menstrual discomfort. It is also used in baths and inhalations to clear lungs and bronchial passages. MAGICKAL: Oregano is used to help forget and let go of a former loved one, such as a former spouse, boyfriend, girlfriend, etc. Burn in incenses or drink the infusion to aid in spells for letting go. GROWING: Oregano is a perennial that prefers well-drained, slightly alkaline soil and full sun. It is propogated by seed, root division, or cuttings. Harvest just as the plant is about to bloom for medicinal use.

Patchouli MEDICINAL: Patchouli is used to treat dysentery, diarrhea, colds without fevers, vomiting, and nausea. MAGICKAL: Patchouli is a powerful oil worn to attract the opposite sex. It is a sensual oil, and it can ward off negativity and evil. It is also burned in incenses to aid divination and clairvoyance.

Pennyroyal MEDICINAL: Pennyroyal herb removes gas from the digestive system. It is also used as a tea, taken a few days before menstruation to aid a suppressed flow. It is used in treatments for clods, upset stomach, and to stimulate blood flow to the pelvis area. It's strong minty smell makes its essential oil useful for externally repelling insects such as mosquitoes, fleas, and flies. It should not

be taken or used by pregnant women. Large internal doses have been known to cause convulsions and coma. Pennyroyal oil is an effective insect repellant. Pennyroyal oil should NEVER be taken internally! MAGICKAL: Pennyroyal placed in a shoe will prevent weariness on long walks and hikes, or journeys. It is also added to protection and exorcism incenses. It aids in making favorable business deals. It is given to arguing couples to cease their fighting and restore harmony in the relationship. GROWING: Pennyroyal is a perennial that grows to 1 1/2 feet high. It tolerates most soils, and prefers direct sun. Grow as you would any member of the mint family.

Peony MEDICINAL: Peony root treats menstrual cramps and irregularities. It is also used in combination with other herbs to ease emotional nervous conditions. MAGICKAL: Dried Peony roots are carved and/or made into bracelets and necklaces for protection, as well as for breaking spells and curses. Peonies planted outside the home guard against storm damage and demons. A chain of beads cut from the dried root was worn as a protection against illness and injury, and to cure insanity. GROWING: Peonies are a perennial shrub-like plant, growing 2 - 4 feet high. They prefer rich, humousy, well-drained soils, and full sun.

*Peppermint MEDICINAL: Peppermint cleans and strengthens the body. It acts as a sedative on the stomach and strengthens the bowels. It is also mild enough to give to children as needed for chills and colds. Used with bitter herbs to improve their taste. MAGICKAL: Peppermint is used in charms to heal the sick, as well as in incenses in the sickroom of the patient. It is burned to cleanse the home, and is used in sleep pillows to aid in getting to sleep. Placed beneath the pillow, it can bring dreams that give a glimpse into the future. The essential oil is used in spells to create a positive change in one's life. GROWING: Peppermint is a perennial grown in full sun, is tolerant of most soil types, and grows to 3 feet tall.

Periwinkle MEDICINAL: Periwinkle is used made into a tea or salve for external use to treat skin problems such as dermatitis, eczema, and acne. MAGICKAL: Periwinkle can help restore memory when it is gazed at or carried. It is also hung on a door to protect all within, and to prevent a witch from entering a home. GROWING: Periwinkle is a perennial plant that spreads by putting out runners, mostly used for a

ground cover in partial to full shade. It prefers moist, well-drained soils.

Plantain MEDICINAL: Plantain is used to clear mucous from the body, and to neutralize poisons. As a mild tea it is used to treat lung problems in children, and as a stronger tea is used to treat stomach ulcers. It is also used for diarrhea, bladder infections, and for treating wounds. MAGICKAL: Plantain is hung in the car to guard against evil spirits. GROWING: Plantains are common weeds, some varieties being annual and some perennial. They are found in all soil types, and prefer full sun.

Poppy MEDICINAL: Poppy is used for pain, insomnia, nervousness, and chronic coughs. MAGICKAL: Poppy seed pods are used in prosperity charms. The seeds are added to food to aid in getting pregnant. To find the answer to a question, write it in blue ink on a piece of white paper. Place the paper inside a poppy seed pod and put it beneath your pillow. The answer will come to you in a dream. GROWING: Poppies are perennials that like poor to average soils that tend toward dryness. There are varieties that will grow most anywhere in North America. Their foliage tends to die off by July, after a spectacular showing of flowers in the spring, but the foliage begins rejuvenation around September, which waits until spring to begin growing again.

Queen Anne's Lace MEDICINAL:Queen Anne's Lace is used for treating gallstones and kidney stones, as well as water retention and strains and sprains. GROWING: Queen Anne's Lace is found throughout most of North America. It is a wildflower, distinguished by the one red flower in the center of a cluster of many tiny biennial that grows to 3 feet tall. white flowers. It is a

*Raspberry MEDICINAL: Red Raspberry is one of the most proven female herbs. It strengthens the uterine wall during preganancy, reduces the pain of childbirth, and helps to reduce false labor pains. After childbirth it is used to decrease uterine swelling and cut down on post-partum bleeding. It is used to ease menstrual cramps and to regulate the flow during menstruation. It is also good for vomiting in small children, and dysentery and diarrhea in infants. MAGICKAL: Raspberry is served as a love-inducing food. The brambles are hung at the entrance to the home to prevent unwanted spirits from entering.

GROWING: Red Raspberry is a biennial or perennial, depending on the variety, growing 3 - 6 feet tall. They need a cold winter and a long cool spring, so they do not do well in the South. They aren't too picky about soil, so long as they get plenty of water.

*Rose MEDICINAL: Rose hips are very nourishing to the skin, as well as containing vitamin C. It is used as a blood purifier, and for treatment of infections, colds, and flus. MAGICKAL: Rose water is used in gourmet dishes and in love potions. Petals are used in healing incense and sachets, and burned to provide a restful night's sleep. The essential oil is used in ritual baths to provide peace, love, and harmony within the self. The hips are strung like beads and worn to attract love. Rose petals sprinkled around the home will calm personal stress and upheavals in the home. GROWING: Roses of all varieties are adaptable to most soils as long as they have adequate water, and are occasionally fed through the growing season. There are varieties that will grow throughout North America. Plant them where you can enjoy their beauty and fragrance.

*Rosemary MEDICINAL: Rosemary is a stimulant of the circulatory system. It is used to treat bites and stings externally. Internally it is used to treat migraines, bad breath, and to stimulate the sexual organs. It is also used to treat nervous disorders, upset stomachs, and is use to regulate the menstrual cycle and to ease cramps. Mix the crushed leaves generously into meats, fish, potato salads, etc. at your next picnic to prevent food poisoning. MAGICKAL: Rosemary in all of its forms is used for protection and banishment. Rosemary leaves under your pillow do away with evil spirits and bad dreams. It is hung on porches and doors to keep thieves out. Rosemary is grown to attract elves. GROWING: Rosemary is a perennial that prefers mild climates, so it needs to be grown indoors where the winters are harsh, or very heavily mulched. It reaches 2-4 feet in height, and is tolerable of poor soils. Cut back after flowering to keep it from becoming leggy.

Rue MEDICINAL: Rue is used in small amounts to expel poisons from the system, such as those from snake bites, scorpion, spider, or jellyfish bites. It should not be taken with meals, and it should never be used by pregnant women. Juices from the fresh plant can cause the skin to blister. It is used internally and externally as a remedy for tendonitis. MAGICKAL: The herb is used in sachets and amulets to ward off illness. The smell of the fresh, crushed herb will chase away thoughts or envy, egotism, and love gone wrong. Rue leaves placed

on the forehead will chase away headacahes. Added to baths, rue drives away spells and hexes placed on you. Rue is said to grow best if it is stolen. GROWING: Rue is a bushy perennial growing to 2-3 feet tall. It is found in in average to poor soils throughout North America, and prefers full sun.

Saffron MEDICINAL: Saffron is used as a preventative for heart disease, as it prevents the build-up of cholesterol. It is also used to soothe the membranes of the stomach and colon. It is not to be taken in large doses, nor should it be taken by pregnant women. MAGICKAL: Saffron is used to clean the hands before rituals. It is used in healing mixtures. The essential oil is used to induce clairvoayancy. Thrown into the air, it can bring the winds. GROWING: Saffron grows from a bulb commonly known as a corm. It is a perennial. Plant in the fall, 3 inches deep in light, well-drained soil where it will receive plenty of sun. The three-pronged stigmas that remain after flowering is the part to harvest for healing use.

*Sage MEDICINAL: Sage is used to relieve excess mucous buildup. It is beneficial to the mind by easing mental exhaustion and by strengthening the concentrating abilities. In a lotion or salve, it is useful for treating sores and skin eruptions, and for stopping bleeding in all cuts. Chewing the fresh leaves soothes mouth sores and sore throats, as will sage tea. It is good for all stomach troubles, diarrhea, gas, flu and colds. As a hair rinse, it removes dandruff. Sage combined with peppermint, rosemary, and wood betony provides an excellent headache remedy. It is used to regulate the menstrual cycle, to decrease milk flow in lactating women, aids in treating hot flashes, and is used as a deodorant. MAGICKAL: Sage is used in healing amulets, incenses, and sachets, and is also used in the same manner for bringing prosperity. Sage burned at the altar or in sacred space consecrate the area. Burned in the home, it removes impurities and banishes evil, as

well as providing protection. GROWING: Sage is an evergreen perennial, growing to 2 feet tall. It does best in sandy, limey soil in full sun.

*St. Johnswort MEDICINAL: St. Johnswort is useful for bronchitis, internal bleeding, healing wounds, and for dirty, septic wounds. It is used to ease depression, headaches, hysteria, neuralgia, shingles, as well as symptoms that occur during menopause. It is useful in swellings, abcesses, and bad insect stings. Studies are showing that it may be effective in combatting AIDS by increasing the immune functions of the body. DO , NOT GO INTO THE SUN if using this herb, as it causes blistering sunburns, especially in fair-skinned people.

MAGICKAL: St. Johnswort is hung around the neck to prevent fevers. Wearing the herb aids you in war and other battles, including those of the will and indecision. Burnt it will banish evil and negativity. Hung in the home or carried, it will prevent spells of others from entering, and it is used in exorcisms. If you pick the plant on the night of St. John and hang it on your bedroom wall, you will dream of your future husband. GROWING: St. Johnswort is a perennial reaching 32 inches tall. It is grown throughout much of North America. It prefers rich to moderately rich soils, and full sun. It is not long-lived, so replant every few years. Harvest the leaves and flower tops as they bloom and store in air-tight containers.

Sandalwood MEDICINAL: Sandalwood oil is used to cool the body during fevers and heat stroke. It is also used to aid in the passing of kidney and gall stones, and for infections in the urinary tract. MAGICKAL: Sandalwood oil is massaged on the forehead and between the eyes to help center and calm the mind. It is used in healing oils and sachets. It is burned as a purifiying agent in every room of the home, and as a protective agent.

Saw Palmetto MEDICINAL: Used for all wasting diseases. Also very useful for all diseases of the reproductive glands and organs. It is also used for the mucous membranes, as well as for treating bronchitis and lung asthma. It's most popular current use is for treating enlargement of the prostate gland.

Scullcap MEDICINAL: Scullcap is a food for the nerves. It supports and strengthens as well as giving immediate relief from all chronic and acute diseases that affect the nerves. It is used to regulate sexual desires, and is very useful in remedies for feminine cramps and menstrual troubles. It reduces fevers and aids in easing insomnia and restlessness. It is also used to lessen the affects of epilepsy. MAGICKAL: Scullcap is used in spells that bring about peace, tranquility, and relaxation. GROWING: Scullcap prefers moist well-drained soils. It is a perennial that reaches to 3 feet in full to partial shade. It is not long-lived, so replant every few years.

Slippery Elm MEDICINAL: Slippery Elm is used to neutralize stomach acids. It is used to boost the adrenal glands, draws out impurities and heals all parts of the body. It is most useful for the respiratory system. Externally it is an excellent healer for burns, skin cancers, poison ivy, and wounds. MAGICKAL: Slippery elm is burned to stop gossip.

GROWING: The inner bark of the slippery elm is the portion used for healing. It is a deciduous tree that grows 50-80 feet tall. It needs full sun and good soils. It is found from Canada to Florida, west to the Dakotas and Texas.

Solomon's Seal MEDICINAL: Solomon's Seal is used to treat tuberculosis, diabetes, and wasting diseases. It is also used as a kidney tonic, and as a healer of broken bones. MAGICKAL: It is added to protection sachets and incenses. It is also used for exorcisms and cleansing mixtures. GROWING: Solomon's Seal is a perennial herb that grows from 1 - 3 feet high. It prefers moist woods, thickets, and roadsides. It prefers full to partial sun.

*Spearmint MEDICINAL: Spearmint is a valuable herb for stopping vomiting during pregnancy. It is gentle enough to use for colic in babies, while aiding in curing colds, flu, and gas. MAGICKAL: Spearmint is added to healing incenses and sachets to aid in healing lung diseases and other afflictions. Place some in a sleeping pillow for protection during sleep. GROWING: Grow Spearmint as you would any other member of the Mint family. It is a perennial growing to 3 feet tall and is tolerable of many different growing conditions.

Squawvine MEDICINAL: Squawvine is most beneficial in childbirth. It strengthens the uterus, helps prevent miscarriage, and relieves congestion of the uterus and ovaries. Its antiseptic properties make it valuable for treating vaginal infections, and is a natural nerve sedative. It is most often used in combination with Raspberry. GROWING: Squawvine is a perennial evergreen creeper that grows on forest floors.

Taheebo MEDICINAL: Also known as Pau d' Arco. Taheebo is found in South America. It is a powerful herb with antibiotic and virus-killing properties. It gives the body the energy needed to defend itself and to help resist diseases. It is used in South America to battle cancer and leukemia. It is useful in aiding all chronic diseases.

*Thyme MEDICINAL: Thyme is a powerful antiseptic. It is used in cases of anemia, bronchial ailments, and intestinal disturbances. It is used as an antiseptic against tooth decay, and destroys fungal

infections as in athlete's foot and skin parasites such as crabs and lice. It is good for colic, flatulence, and colds. MAGICKAL: Thyme is burnt to purge and fumigate magickal rooms and spaces, as well as to bring good health. Thyme in a sleeping pillow repels nightmares. GROWING: Thyme is a perennial that loves warm, sunny fields, and is found throughout North America. It grows to 15 inches tall, and makes an excellent ground cover on dry slopes. Trim it back after flowering to prevent it from becoming woody.

Uva Ursi MEDICINAL: Uva Ursi strengthens and tones the urinary tract. It is especially useful for kidney infections, bladder infections, and inflammatory disease of the urinary tract. It is used as a diabetes remedy for excessive sugar in the blood. It is used for postpartum women to return the womb to its natural size, as well as to prevent infection of the womb after childbirth. It should not be used by pregnant women. MAGICKAL: Add to sachets to increase psychic powers. GROWING:Uva Ursi rarely grows more than a few inches tall. It is best propogated from cuttings. It takes an unusually long time to root, so consider instead buying small plants from nurseries. It does poorly in rich soil, as it prefers poor soils in full sun. Once established, it spreads and becomes an attractive, hardy ground cover, surviving temperatures of -50.

Valerian MEDICINAL: Valerian is a relaxer, and is very effective for insomnia. It is often used as a tranquilizer, but it leaves no sluggish effects on the user. It is used for nervous tension, pain relieving, and for muscle spasms. It should not be taken over a long period of time, as it can cause mental depression in some people after long-term steady use. MAGICKAL: Valerian is used to get fighting couples back together, in spells of love, and in purification baths. GROWING: Valerian is a perennial plant that grows to 3 feet tall. It prefers full sun, and average to rich well-drained soil. Root cuttings are best for propogation, and once the plants are established, they self-sow and spread by root runners. Valerian has a similar effect on cats as catnip, so you may need to protect your patch with chicken wire. Harvest roots for medicinal use in the fall of their second year.

Vervain MEDICINAL: Vervain is used to treat the liver and diseases related to the liver, as well as painful or irregular menses. It will also help increase the flow of a mother's milk.

MAGICKAL: Vervain is used for cleansing incenses and baths. Buried in a field, it will make your crops abundant. It is burned to attract wealth, and hung above a bed to prevent nightmares, and above a baby's crib (out of reach!) to offer protection for the little one, and will enable the child to grow up with a love of learning and a happy outlook. Hung in the home it offers protection from negative spells, and is used as a pledge of mutual faith when given to a friend. GROWING:Vervain is a perennial herb that grows 1-2 feet tall. It prefers full sun, average to rich soils, and is grown throughout temperate North America. It is rather short-lived, but self-sows. Harvest leaves and flower tops as the plants bloom.

Violet MEDICINAL: Violet is effective in healing internal ulcers. It is used both internally and externally for pimples, abscesses, tumors, and swollen glands. It is useful in treating malignant growths, as well. MAGICKAL: Violet in a pillow will help ease headaches away. Carrying the flowers brings a change in luck, and mixed with lavendar makes a powerful love sachet. GROWING: Violets are a perennial, prefer partial shade, average to rich well-drained soil, and grow to 8 inches tall.

Vitex MEDICINAL: Vitex is a normalizing herb for the reproductive system. It is most commonly used in treating infertility, PMS, menopausal problems, and hormonal imbalances. It is most effective when taken over a period of time, and in conjunction with other herbs used for the same purposes. It is also known as chaste tree fruit, or chaste berry.

Walnut MEDICINAL: Walnut bark is used to treat dysentery and skin diseases. The nut is used to promote strength and weight gain. The hull of the nut is used to treat skin diseases, herpes, head and body lice, and internal parasites. Walnut leaf is used to treat eczema, hives, and boils. MAGICKAL: The nut still in its shell is carried to promote fertility. To discover if a Witch is in your midst, legend has it that you should drop a walnut still in its shell into the lap of the person suspected, and if that person is truly a Witch, they will be unable to rise from a sitting position as long as the walnut is in their laps. GROWING: Walnuts are trees that grow to 60 feet tall. They prefer full sun, deep and well-drained soil, and regular water. They grow well in areas such as the eastern and midwestern United States.

Wild Cherry

MEDICINAL: Wild Cherry Bark is a very good expectorant. It is therefore useful for all ilnesses that have related lung congestion. The bark is boiled down into a syrup, which is safe to use even for children. GROWING: Wild Cherry grows throughout North America in moist areas, and along riverbanks. It is either a tall shrub or small tree, depending upon growing conditions of the area.

Wild Yam MEDICINAL: Wild Yam is helpful to the liver and the endocrine system. It is also used in regulation of the female system, particularly during menopause and menstrual distress, as well as used in treating infertility. Used with chaste berry and dandelion it is an effective treatment for morning sickness. GROWING:Usually found wild in the eastern half of North America, it is a perennial plant that is a low creeper, and occupies average to poor soils and full sun.

Willow MEDICINAL: Willow works like aspirin. In fact, aspirin was derived from willow bark. It is also used to cleanse and heal eyes that are infected or inflamed. It is safe to use, and is mild on the stomach and leaves no after-effects. MAGICKAL: Willow trees are planted near the home as a guard. Its branches have been used for the bindings on a witch's broom, and as healing wands. It is also used to bring the blessings of the moon into your life. GROWING: Willows prefer damp, low spaces, as a long rivers and streams, or areas that receive regular water. They grow throughout North America. It grows to 70 feet or more.

Witch Hazel MEDICINAL: Witch Hazel is used externally for insect bites, burns, bleeding wounds, hemorrhoids, and varicose veins. Internally it will stop bleeding from internal organs, treats bronchitis, flu, and coughs as well as promotes healing of stomach ulcers. It is often used as a mouthwash for conditions of the mouth and throat, and for bleeding gums. MAGICKAL: The forked twigs of the Witch Hazel are used for divining. It will help heal a broken heart and cool passions when carried. GROWING: Witch Hazel is a shrub or small tree that grows 5 - 15 feet. It ranges throughout the eastern half of North America. It prefers full sun, and average soils.

Wormwood MEDICINAL: Wormwood is used for all problems within the digestive system, as well as liver and

bladder ailments. It promotes menstruation and will help with menstrual cramps. Do not give to small children, and use only in very small quantities for very short periods of time, as the FDA considers this a poisonous plant. MAGICKAL: Wormwood is burned to raise your spirits to a higher level, enabling easier divination and clairvoyance. Thrown on the fire at Samhain, it will protect from the spirits that roam that night. GROWING: Wormwood grows mainly in temperate regions of the eastern portion of North America. It is a perennial shrub that reaches to 4 feet tall, and prefers full sun and average to poor soils.

Yarrow MEDICINAL: Yarrow is used to stimulate and regulate the liver. It acts as a blood purifier and heals the glandular system. It has been used as a contraceptive, and as a part of diabetes treatment, as well as treating gum ailments and toothache. Also is used in formulas for treating colds, flus, and fevers. It arrests internal and external bleeding during childbirth. It is used to stop the bleeding of external wounds.Pregnant women should avoid this herb. MAGICKAL: Since Yarrow has the ability to keep a couple together for 7 years, it is used in love sachets as well as a gift to give to newlyweds. When worn it wards off negativity, and if held in your hand it repels fear. Yarrow added to the bath protects from harm. GROWING: Yarrow is a perennial, and its various varieties range from 8 inches to 3 feet tall. It prefers full sun, and average to poor dry soils.

Yellow Dock MEDICINAL: Yellow Dock is a powerful blood purifier and astringent. It is used in treating all diseases of the blood and skin It is very high in iron, making it useful for treating anemia. It nourishes the spleen and liver, detoxifies the liver, and cleanses and enriches the blood.

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Numerology - A Detailed Text Part


Numerology is the study

of numbers and their meanings. It is based on the belief that the name you were

given at

birth combined with the day, month and year you were born,

influence who you are and what will happen to you

during your lifetime. The

practice of Numerology goes back to Ancient times. There is evidence that


was in use thousands of years ago in China, Greece, Rome and

Egypt. Pythagoras, a philosopher and

mathematician, who lived and taught in

Southern Greece during the sixth century B.C. is generally thought of as the

'father' of numerology. His teachings spawned a philosophical and religious

movement called 'Pythagorism' that

spread throughout the Roman Empire. His

teachings were passed on orally to privileged initiates, orally because he

believed such information was far too important and sacred to be used by

just anyone. Pythagaros believed that

reality is mathematical, that order is

created out of chaos through numbers,this is the principle on which

numerology is founded. The teachings of Pythagoras were continued by Plato

and can be found in the writings of the

Hebrew Qabbalah. An interest in

Numerology by many early Christian scholars, including St. Augustine, led to the

widespread use of the art during the Renaissance. At that time numerology

was accepted by everyone from the

most educated scholar to the farmer in the


Life Path Numbers

When we take the numerical sum of our

Birthdate these numbers represent the LIFE PATH. It is believed the Life Path

represents the lesson you have come to learn in this life time. Some aspect of

your life that you did not get quite right last time around. Bigotry, greed and

lust in a past life are just some of the Karmic baggage we carry with us that

must be balanced . A "life force" must be in balance before we can move on to

the next plane of existence.

EXAMPLE ..........November 1 1963

1+1+1+1+9+6+ 3=22

2+2=4/22 Master Number

4 and 22 are the Life

Path numbers

Here are the interpretations:



The lesson you must learn is the benefit of independence. It

is a two-part lesson. First you must learn to stand on your own two feet and not

be dependent on others. Second, the harder part of the lesson, is to attain and

achieve by your own independent and individual efforts. This number is the first

of the single digit numbers and its principle is indicative of one who stands

alone. To some, this Life Path lesson may seem simple to learn but for those who

have it, it is not.


The lesson

you must learn is the satisfaction of participation, diplomacy and compromise.

You are given the ability to see both sides of any given situation. You must

learn to develop your capabilities as an organizer and facilitator in group

situations. Recognition will be rare as your lesson involves being mostly in the

background. This part of the lesson is possibly the most difficult because you

must feel comfortable with others getting the credit for your ideas or the

limelight for your efforts..


The lesson

you must learn is the joy of expression; of yourself, life everything. If you

can be open, warm hearted and friendly, you will be admired by others and

desired as a pleasant companion. More importantly you will lift the spirits of

those around you and help them to look more optimistically toward the future.

You must learn always to look on the bright side and seek to find the beauty

that can be found in the world.



lesson you must learn is the advantage of system, order and limitation. Your

lesson will be learned in the application of reliability, order, service and

hard work. You must learn to live within the laws of limitation and form - of

life, environment, physical and mental. You may feel that your circumstances

limit you more than others but this is because there are no short cuts for you;

no ‘get rich quick’ schemes. Everything that you do must be accomplished in a

step-by-step systematic fashion. Limitations are boundaries that turn chaotic

forces into balanced form. Therefore you must learn to accept restrictions

rather than struggle against them.



lesson that must be learnt is the constructive use of freedom...ie focus. This

person has the potential to adapt quickly, communicate effectively and think

with crystal clarity. This type of person will try anything once but it had

better be interesting or they will flit to the next thing that comes along

rather quickly. The number 5 craves for new experiences, new stimuli and new

information. And therefore has a tendency to not achieve anything in the long



The lesson you must

learn is the satisfaction of balance, responsibility and harmony. You will have

been the ability and potential to give help and comfort whenever needed, to

support those too weak to support themselves. You are likely to find yourself

responsible for more than you fair share but you must accept that which is your

responsibility and learn to serve family, friends and relatives.



The lesson you must learn is the peace of mind

that comes with understanding. You have a good mind and a fine intuition. You

have also been given the ability to look at things in a different perspective

then most. The reason for this is so that you may study and contemplate; to

challenge the established and the orthodox. You must learn not to judge by

appearances only but to use and trust your intuition. The emphasis of your

lesson steers away from the material aspects of life so you must learn and

understand the non-material and philosophical.



The lesson you must learn is the satisfaction of the material

world and the correct application of its powers. You will have been endowed with

the potential for ambition and the desire to succeed. You will be concerned with

money, posessions, status and power, measuring yourself against the success of

others. You must learn direction and the correct use of ambition. The number of

this Life Path is very emotional and it may take a little while to master the

potential of this energy. At first you may achieve little until you learn self

motivation, goal setting and realistic targets.



The lesson you must learn is the satisfaction of giving

- of yourself, your time, and your effort - without any thought of reward. It is

a simple lesson in theory but a very difficult one in practice and is one of the

most difficult lessons to learn. You must learn selflessness, and to give up

material possessions or ambitions for the common good. Your love and compassion

must be expressed with purity and understanding with no thought of reward. The

satisfaction of giving is the easy bit. The difficulty of course is the lack of

return. Your reward must come from the giving. If you look for more, or have

ulterior motives, your path will become difficult and you will find little

reward or satisfaction.


With this lesson you

must bear in mind that all people with this Life Path must begin by learning the

lesson of the number 2. You must read the lesson of Life Path number 2 before

this one. The lesson you must learn is an awareness of the spiritual /

non-material world. This is a ‘ Master Number’ and its energy potential is

extremely difficult to handle. You will have been gifted with added perceptions,

added awareness and different capabilities and understanding. These potentials

will take a great deal of effort to develop and you must bear in mind at all

times that your feet must always be planted firmly on the ground. Otherwise any

ability that you do develop will be useless to everyone, including yourself.

Once developed you will have the potential capability to attain far more than

others. You must learn to ‘tune in’ to the forces around you and develop your

intuition. Much useful information can be learnt from psychic or occult studies.

With knowledge comes understanding and illumination. It is important that you

use your awareness and illumination for others benefit.



With this lesson you must bear in mind that all people with this

Life Path must begin by learning the lesson of the number 4. You must read the

lesson of Life Path number 4 before this one. The lesson you must learn is the

ultimate mastery of combining the highest ideals with enormous power in order to

achieve the largest of material goals. Number 22 is a ‘Master Number’ and is the

most difficult lesson to learn in Numerology. You will have been gifted with

added perceptions, awareness, capabilities of understanding PLUS the ability to

attain anything and everything by way of material accomplishments. You must

learn first of all, and this is the difficult part of the lesson, to focus and

harness this enormous energy. You must also work for the benefit of mankind in

order to achieve your own ultimate growth.

Names ( Birth and


Each letter of the alphabet corresponds to a number.The

numerical value of your "given birthname" or "magickal name" if you have one,

gives a glimpse into an individuals personality. Much in the same way as the

Ruling Planet and Rising Sign in Astrology do. Some Numerologists use the full

name on the Birth Certificate. .others only the first name. The reason being, in

the case of a woman your name may change when married. I find the first name

gives the more appropriate information. The number derived from this calculation

is called the "Destiny" number. This is the number that describes the talents

and attitudes at your disposal in this lifetime if you choose to develop and use


1. This person is the quite the individual, can become a dictator

if not very careful. Never follows the crowd....prefers to lead. Prefer to be

trend-setters. ...be it right or wrong. Works best alone.

Number 1 has a

great imagination so it is not surprising that this number pertains to


The best form of escapism for this person is between the pages

of a book or any other form of solitary entertainment. Some people under this

number are also quite social, but they will protect their own personal space

quite adamantly.

2. A cooperative, sympathetic person who enjoys in

solving problems and group projects. This person is a diplomat who must beware

not to become static by not making decisions for fear of hurting other peoples

feelings.Number 2 is the number of duality's: Masculine - feminine, positive -

negative, light - dark, love - hate ... etc. has a marked difference in its . To

understand this it must be recognized that each person has a physical,

emotional, mental and spiritual persona. The physical man is emotionally female,

mentally male and spiritually female. The physical female is the opposite. Both

however are sensitive and build a facade around their true selves. The most

noticeable difference between male and female is on the emotional level. Males

appear to be introvert whilst females appear more extrovert, but notice that I

have said ‘appear to be’. The number 2 is mainly introverted. Any display of

aggression is just a front.

3. This person is optimistic and

inspirational. Has very creative and artistic abilities in some form. Must be

careful has a tendency to talk to much and do nothing.Number 3 loves the

limelight and being the center of attention. They are always the life of the

party. Number 3 loves nothing more than to be in a crowd or in good company -

maybe telling a story, a joke or recounting an event; and probably embellishing

the truth just a tad. Number 3 loves to create in every sense of the word and

may generally find it very hard to be serious for any length of time.


Numerology - A Detailed Text Part


4. This person is slow

and steady. Taking their time in building careers, relationships. .etc. They will

do best when serving others. Can have a tendency to be pennypinchers and

nitpickers. Number 4 is the foundation stone of the single digit numbers upon

which all things are built. Without system and order there would be chaos and

destruction. Number 4 pertains to security, People with this number are gifted

with a sense of logic and must learn to use it to create order and security

around them. They are also highly intuitive and must learn to listen to and

follow their gut instinct.

5. This person thrives on change and new

things.The number 5’s constant search for the new and exciting means that the

path they must follow is frequently strayed from. Some may fall into the

trap of believing that the grass is always greener on the other side and

become a ‘rolling stone’, never settling down for any length of time and

ultimately never satisfied. Some may even succumb to excessive indulgence in

food, drink, drugs or sex. The danger and excitement of the illegal draws them.

6. These people are highly concerned with home and hearth. They have a

very strong sense of justice and fair play. They will do almost anything to have

a stable home life, sometimes becoming worrywarts. As love and harmony emanates

from within them, so it will be reciprocated. They must be there to help,

sometimes even to their own disadvantage but they must also be able to

discriminate between: helping / interfering, helping / being taken for a ride.

They are helpful by nature and will seldom be found inactive. Number 6 is a

‘doer’ and can

make excellent organizers.

7. These people often

start life out on a rocky road, with many trials and tests. Especially when it

comes to spotting those attempting to deceive. There is an award for these

people…it is the gift

of great understanding and sympathy. The emphasis of

their lesson steers away from the

material aspects of life so they must

learn and understand the non-material and philosophical.


opportunities will arise and they must learn to take advantage of this, but to

pursue the

material alone will leave them empty and dissatisfied. Number 7

is the number of knowledge,

analysis, understanding and questions. They will

question everything - even what may appear to

others to be the very obvious

- and will look deeply and continuously for ‘the catch’ or flaw until


are absolutely satisfied that everything is as it should be.

8. This

person has the potential to be a great business and financial organizer. They

like to acquire money and position, but must remember to be charitable. They are

very emotional and it may take a little while to master the potential of this

energy. At first they may achieve little until they learn self motivation, goal

setting and realistic targets. The number 8 is more often then not responsible

for the lazy streak in people. Just as dark is merely an absence of light - so


is an absence of motivation.

9. If this person disregards

the responsibilities of their life great disappointments will result. These

people are designed to help others; to enhance and amplify other peoples

potential. As a consequence, these people are very adaptable. Their ability to

diversify is great and can be a distinct advantage to potential. The further up

the single digit scale, the harder each energy potential becomes to handle. Many

9’s may struggle for some time before the lesson can be achieved. Number 9 is a

doer and can tend to be the thrusting number behind impulsiveness. Consideration

would be prudent before jumping in with both feet. Most 9’s may feel resentful

at times toward the lack of return. Selfishness and insensitivity can occur due

to a feeling of disillusionment. At times like this they must be careful to

guard against destructive tendencies.. Fortunately this kind of phase cannot be

sustained for any length of time. Number 9 must learn moderation wherever


11. These people are the most happiest when pursuing a life

which expresses their religious ideals in some way. Some become withdrawn from

the world and pursue their calling in private. Others will work where they can

help others. The practical application of this lesson is extremely difficult. 11

is often known as the number of the dreamer because of the subjects natural

aloofness with the material world. Also number 11 has the propensity to come up

with big ideas and solutions which are not always thought through properly and

can more often than not, be totally impractical.

22. These people are

innovative, usually on a national or community level. They are great organizers

and communicators. In fact the potential is massive and the magnitude of their

accomplishments merely depends upon their ability to harness this energy. The

practical application of this lesson is extremely difficult. Number 22 wants to

be not only good at what they do - they want to be the best! Number 22 will

always be found striving for the highest performance, the best they can possibly

achieve. To put it another way, they are looking for perfection. Anything else

isn’t good enough and number 22 has the tenacity to keep going long after

everyone else has given up.

Heart's Desire or Soul Urge Number

The Soul Urge or as it is sometimes called, the heart's desire, is an

important core influence in numerology. This number is made up from the vowels

(a, e, i, o and u, and w and y when they are used as a vowel) in your full name.

A Y is a vowel when there is no other vowel in a syllable (Lynn or Carolyn) and

when it is preceded by a vowel and sounded as one sound (Hayden). A W is a vowel

when it is preceded by a vowel and sounded as one sound (Howell). The sum of all

of these letters, converted to numbers, and reduced to a single number or a

master number is your Soul Urge.. This means your inner craving, likes and

dislikes. This number denotes what you value most regardless of Life Path (what

you are from birth) and Destiny (what you will become in life).

1. You

want to lead and direct, to work independent of supervision, by yourself or with

subordinates. You take pride in your abilities and want to be recognized for

them. You may seek opportunities to display your strength and usefulness,

wanting to create and originate. In your desire to manage the big picture and

the main issues, you may often leave the details to others. The positive 1 Soul

Urge is Ambitious and determined, a leader seeking opportunities. There is a

great deal of honesty and loyalty in this character. If you possess positive 1

Soul Urge qualities, you are very driven to success. You are a loyal friend and

strictly fair in your business dealings. The negative side of the 1 Soul Urge

must be avoided. A negative 1 is apt to dominate situations and people. Emotions

aren't strong in this nature. If you possess an excess of 1 energy, you may, at

times, be boastful and egotistic. You must avoid being too critical and

impatient . The great need of the 1 Soul Urge is the development of

friendliness, and a sincere interest in people.

2. With the Soul Urge

number 2, your motivation is centered on friendships, partnerships, and

companionship. You want to work with others as a part of a cooperative team.

Leadership is not important to you, but making a contribution to the team effort

is. You are willing to work hard to achieve a harmonious environment with

sensitive, genial people. In a positive sense, the 2 Soul Urge is sympathetic,

extremely concerned and devoted. The nature tends to be very sensitive to

others, always tactful and diplomatic. This element in your nature indicates

that you are rather emotional. You are persuasive, but in a very quiet way,

never forceful. You are the type that makes really close friendships because you

are so affectionate and loving. If this number is over-emphasized in your

makeup, you may be over-sensitive, with a delicate ego that is too easily hurt.

You may be timid or fearful, too easy going for your own good.

3. Your

desire in life is personal expression, and generally enjoying life to its

fullest. You want to participate in an active social life and enjoy a large

circle of friends. You want to be in the limelight, expressing your artistic or

intellectual talents. Word skills may be your thing; speaking, writing, acting,

singing. In a positive sense, the 3 energy is friendly, outgoing and always very

social. You have a decidedly upbeat attitude that is rarely discouraged; a good

mental and emotional balance. The 3 Soul Urge gives intuitive insight, thus,

very high creative and inspirational tendencies. The truly outstanding trait

shown by the 3 Soul Urge is that of self-expression, regardless of the field of

endeavor. You may at times become too easygoing and optimistic, tending to

scatter forces and accomplish very little. Often, the excessive 3 energy

produces non-stop talkers.

4. You are likely to strive for a stable

life. You tend to follow a rather orderly pattern and systematic approach in

your endeavors. You have an inner desire to serve others in a methodical and

diligent manner. You want to be in solid, conventional, and well-regulated

activities, and you are somewhat disturbed by innovation and erratic or sudden

changes. Excellent at organizing, and managing, you have a way of establishing

order and maintaining it. You are responsible, reliable and and in the final

analysis, practical. Highly analytical, you can see your way through all sorts

of situations and generally have a clear understanding of the issues. You are a

very honest, sincere, and conscientious individual. The negative side of the 4

is rigid, stubborn and somewhat narrow-minded. There is a tendency to hide

feelings, or to really not be aware of real feelings. Avoid being too rigid and

stubborn in your thinking, and try to always see the big picture rather than

becoming to involved with the detail. Don't be afraid to take a chance once in


5. The idea of travel and freedom to roam intrigues you. You are

very much the adventurer at heart. Not particularly concerned about your future

or about getting ahead, you can seem superficial and unmotivated. In a positive

sense, the energies of the number 5 make you very adaptable and versatile. You

have a natural resourcefulness and enthusiasm that may mark you as a progressive

with a good mind and and active imagination. You seem to have a natural

inclination to be a pace-setter. You are attracted to the unusual and the fast

paced. You may be overly restless and impatient at times. You may dislike the

routine work that you are engaged in, and tend to jump from activity to

activity, without ever finishing anything. You may have difficulty with

responsibility. You don't want to be tied down to a relationship, and it may be

hard to commit to one person.

6. You would like to be appreciated for

your ability to handle responsibility. Your home and family are likely to be a

strong focus for you, perhaps the strongest focus of your life. Friendship,

love, and affection are high on your list of priorities for a happy life. You

have a lot of diplomatic tendencies in your makeup, as your are able to rectify

and balance situations with an incredible skill. You like working with people

rather than by yourself. It is extremely important for you to have harmony in

your environment at all times. The positive side of the 6 Soul Urge produces a

huge capacity for responsibility; you are always there and ready to assume more

than your share of the load. If you possess positive 6 Soul Urges and express

them, you are known for generosity, understanding and deep sympathetic attitude.

Strong 6 energy is very giving of love, affection, and emotional support. You

may have the inclination to teach or serve your community in other idealistic

ways. You have natural abilities to help people. You are also likely to have

artistic and creative leanings. If you have an over-supply of 6 energy in your

makeup, you may express some of the negative traits common to this number. With

such a strong sympathetic attitude, it is easy to become too emotional.

Sometimes the desires to render help can be over done, and it can become

interfering and an attitude that is too protective, rather than helpful. The

person with too much 6 energy often finds that people tend to take advantage of

this very giving spirit. You may tend to repress your own needs so that you can

cater to the demands from others. At times, there may be a tendency in this, for

becoming over-loaded with such demands, and as a result become resentful.

7. You are very fond of reading, and retreating to periods of being

alone and away from the disruptions of the outer world. You like to dream and

develop you idealistic understandings, to study and analyze, to gain knowledge

and wisdom. You may be too laid back and withdrawn to really succeed in the

business world, and you will be much more comfortable in circumstances that are

tolerant of your reserve, your analytical approach, and your desire to use your

mind rather than your physical being. You are very timid around people that you

don't know very well, so much so at times that casual conversation and social

situations can be strained. You tend to

repress your emotions to the extend

that some people have a good bit of difficult understanding you. You tend to be

very selective with friends and you don't easily adapt to new environments or to

new people very quickly. The negative traits of the 7 include becoming too much

the introvert and isolated from others.

8. With an 8 soul urge, you have

a natural flare for big business and the challenges imposed by the commercial

world. Power, status and success are very important to you. You have strong

urges to supervise, organize and lead. Material desires are also very

pronounced. You have good executive abilities, and with these, confidence,

energy and ambition. Your mind is analytical and judgment sound; you're a good

judge of material values and also human character. Self-controlled, you rarely

let emotions cloud judgment. You are somewhat of an organizer at heart, and you

like to keep those beneath you organized and on a proper track. This is a

personality that wants to lead, not follow. You want to be known for your

planning ability and solid judgment. The negative aspects of the 8 soul urge are

the often dominating and exacting attitude. You may have a tendency to be very

rigid, sometimes stubborn.


Numerology - A Detailed Text Part


9. You want to give to

others, usually in a humanitarian or charitable manner. You are highly motivated

to give friendship, affection and love. And you are generous in giving of your

knowledge and experience. You have very sharing urges, and you are likely to

have a great deal to share. Your concern for others makes you a very sympathetic

and generous person with a sensitive and compassionate nature. You are able to

view life in very broad and intuitive terms. You often express high ideals and

an inspirational approach to life. If you are able to fully realize the

potential of your motivation, you will be a very self-sacrificing person who is

able to give freely without being concerned about any return or reward. As with

all human beings, you are prone to sometimes express the negative attitudes

inherent to your Soul Urges. You may become too sensitive and tend to express

emotions strongly at times. There can be significant conflict between higher

aims and personal ambitions. You may resent the idea of giving all of the time

and, in fact, if there is too much 9 energy in your nature you may reject the

idea. You may often be disappointed in the lack of perfection in yourself and


11. Much of your thinking and interests relate to the abstract,

the spiritual, and utopian dreams. You are motivated toward idealistic concepts,

and the sharing of your ideas and concepts with humanity. This number is not one

that is giving in a material or a practical sense, but rather one who desires to

help mankind with a more abstract commodity such as religion, spiritualism,

occult studies, or even psychic abilities. If you possess the positive 11 Soul

Urge traits, you have a dream of the perfect world; you are highly idealistic

and inspirational. Your inner strength and devotion to your beliefs are

extremely strong. You have a very good mind that is especially well equipped to

handle the higher, more abstract forms of thought. If there is an excess of 11

energy in your makeup, you may possess some the negative 11 traits. There is a

tendency for the 11 to produce considerable amounts of nervous tension which is

bought on by a very high level of awareness. You may be too sensitive and overly

emotional. In some cases, these sensitivities and emotions are quite repressed,

and this tends to add even more to the sense of nervousness in the makeup. The

strong 11 is not a very practical person because of the extreme idealism; often,

there is a degree of self-deception present. There is usually a rather fixed

idea of right and wrong held by those showing strong 11 traits, and with this

very often is a resulting attitude of inflexibility.

22. The Soul Urge

of the master number 22 is very much that of the master builder. You would like

to use your abilities in an important humanitarian undertaking, and have an

innate desire is to express the significant power you feel in a concrete manner,

as a builder, engineer, diplomat, etc. In some way you want to make a

considerable contribution to the world. The 22 gives a broad, universal outlook

with a rather practical and common-sense approach. You have especially high

intelligence, with an unusual perception and awareness. This number often

denotes a high degree of diplomatic abilities and high ideals. You are a very

capable person and you may possess special leadership abilities that you can and

should develop. People respect you and recognize your superior foresight and

vision. The negative side of the 22 soul urge is a high degree of nervous energy

and a tendency to be very dominating. It is unfortunate that all who possess the

urge of 22 do not use its energies to the greatest advantage; but then it should

be recognized that these energies are understandably the most difficult to focus

and direct.

Pinnacle Phases

First Second Third Fourth

We are all inherently subject to major changes in our lives . Numerology

attempts to project major life changes and calls these monumental turns in the

road pinnacles. If it weren't for these big transformations in life, the highly

successful would become apathetic, and those struggling would soon feel totally

hopeless. Pinnacle in our live give us the necessary change of pace and

direction that is stimulating and hopeful. Pinnacles show the direction that

progress will lead us. A pinnacle is an experience occurring over a specific

time in our life. These pinnacle periods have been compared to the four seasons.

The first pinnacle is the spring of life. The second covering years of family

raising and responsibility represent summer. The third covering middle-age and

growing maturity of judgment represent the autumn of life, and the forth,

consolidating the experiences of life, is represented by winter.


pinnacle is represented by a number and the number reflects the tone of the

period. The pinnacle number is written in the birth date. We will use the month,

the day and the year of birth in this calculation. The first step will be to

reduce each of these components to a single digit base number. Even master

numbers are reduced to achieve the pinnacles.


The first

pinnacle begins at birth. This pinnacles’ ending is calculated by subtracting

the Life Path number from 36. The timing for the master number 11 is the same as

Life Path 2, and the master number 22 is same as the Life Path 4.

In our

November 1 1963 example (a 4/22 Life Path), the end of the first pinnacle is at

age 32 ie (36-4) The first pinnacle is derived from adding the month and day of



November 1 1963



In our

example, 3 would be the first pinnacle number.

1. Most of your youth was

probably spent learning how to lead, how to rely on yourself without being

egotistical, stubborn, self-centered or dominating. This is a period to learn

leadership and it may not produce the opportunities you would like. It is

primarily a learning time.

2. Since this pinnacle is experienced early

in your life, it may tend to make you an over-sensitive child, and you may be

easily hurt or offended. You may have difficulties with expressing yourself both

verbally and emotionally. Your mother is apt to be the stronger influence in

your life throughout this period.

3. This is a difficult number to

handle on the first pinnacle, for while there may be many opportunities to

develop artistic or creative potential, you may not recognize them or be willing

to work as hard as may be required for the development of these opportunities.

There is a tendency to scatter energies and work on the wrong ideas. You may be

too busy having fun to worry about the future.

4. This can be a

demanding period in with you are required to work due to monetary reasons , or

in which you are a highly motivated person in your pursuit of education. In

either event, you may not be so active in normal youthful activities because of

your work schedule.

5. This can be a difficult first pinnacle because it

is hard to find the stability to establish yourself and build a suitable

foundation for latter life. You may experience moves that require you change

schools and friends. As a first pinnacle, the 5 has you living by your own set

of rules, even if you are raised in a traditional family. You are more

resourceful then most your age, but you may also tend to get into more trouble.

Impulsiveness and a craving for independence are both strong in your nature

during this period.

6. As a young person you are likely to find much

duty and responsibility related to home and family. There may be strong feelings

of limitations because of these pressures. Rushed into marriages at an early age

sometimes occur. It is a period for you to attend to the demands made on you by

family and close friends. Often, the six pinnacle suggests a person who is under

the close dictates of a parent or of some authority figure.

7. With the

number 7 as the first pinnacle, your circle of friends will not be large. You

are a serious student, motivated to learn by inner yearnings. Your youth may be

a difficult and confusing time.

8. With the first pinnacle featuring the

influence of the number 8, you may become involved in business or commercial

activity at an early age and face some restriction because of this.


You may be the type of person who is a friend to those who have few friends, a

protector t those who might be the favorites of bullies, and generally a helping

person in whatever way your talent permits. As you mature you are apt to embrace

humanitarian political views and ideals.

11. The 11 vibration has

associations with spiritual and metaphysical studies and understanding. With the

number 11 energies influencing behavior in any stage of the life, there is a

significant lessening of material goals and desires. The background tone of this

period is perhaps better communicated through use of the number 2 energies. The

general emphasis of the number 2 pinnacle is that of friendliness, cooperation

and harmony. You are apt to be a very sensitive person during this pinnacle,

even if sensitivity is not indicated in your basic makeup. The 2 shows patience

and attention to detail. You are tactful and cooperative, and willing to work

with relatively little recognition.

22. Young persons, except in very

rare instances, are unable to use the general influence of the 22 productively.

Therefore, the background tone of this pinnacle is more in tune with the number


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The Seven Chakras

Chakras Pictures, Images and Photos

(This is a channeling from John from The Great White Brotherhood. Channeled by

Birgit Klein. )

Apart from the physical body a human being consists of a

spiritual body, and this spiritual body is composed of vibrations of light which

are structured in a way so that they create different centers. These centers are

each structured in a beautiful pattern, and they are located as follows:


The root chakra, or the center at the

end of the spine by the loins, is the center which radiates a white, divine

light, when seen from the highest spiritual level. This center is the center for

the material life, it is the center that roots the subtle divine consciousness

in the material life. Consequently it is the basis for human existence in this

physical world, and if it is blocked,

you will have a human being that feels

rootless in both his spiritual and his physical existence.

Every human

being has a joint physical and spiritual existence. The karmic development

causes an oscillation between the spiritual and the physical dimensions, and

when this process goes of positively, then you feel equally at home in both

places, and feel that you are able to do what you have to do in both places. The

root chakra makes you able to manifest your existence wherever you are, and its

delicate white light emits vibrations that has to do with mother's love. In

mother's love the physical and the spiritual existence is united in a sublime

way. In this form of love, where you e.g. can imagine a woman nursing her baby,

the demands of the physical world are united with the highest form of spiritual


That is why this event is so important for human beings, and

therefore it is important that the period of nursing is not shortened, for in

this period both the mother and the child will have stimulated, developed, and

cleansed their root chakras, and this gives the newborn child the possibility

for a basic development, which is far beyond any other educational means.

When the mother nurses her child, the lights from their root chakras are

united, and their energies are mixed together; thereby the bond, which the child

needs to have to the Earth, to the material life, is strengthened, making the

separation from the spiritual realms, from which it recently has left, easier.

If the period of nursing is shortened unnecessarily, or if it is

completely omitted, then what can happen is, that the child cannot accept that

it had to part from the spiritual realms, and it may become restless. Many

children today suffer from what is called hyperactivity, and this is due to a

restlessness, which originates from this.

When the energies or

vibrations from two people's chakras are mixed, the following takes place: the

light waves from the one chakra affects the lightwaves from the other chakra,

and depending of the purity of the chakras, these lightwaves are mixed in a way,

so they create different figures. If you look at two people, e.g. a mother and a

child, who have the lights from their root chakras mixed, you may see delicate

figures which looks like white flowers or white crystals. If the contact is

positive - if e.g. the mother is nursing her child with love, or at least with a

positive will to feed the child - then beautiful figures may appear, and the

figures created by the lightwaves from the chakras become more beautiful, the

more love there is between the parties.

This was some more general

information about the mixing of vibrations from two chakras. But now to the

other main chakras.


The sex chakra

radiates a purple light, when seen from the highest level. Purple is a vivid

pink, or red-violet, bright red-violet, color. When this chakra is clean, then

the person think only positive thoughts, then no impure thoughts or feelings can

penetrate. With impure feelings and thoughts I mean egoistic and malicious. When

we from the spiritual dimensions talk about the concepts pure or impure, this is

what we mean, and nothing else. But because it is the sex chakra that stands for

purity and the pure purple light, and because there has been a lot of taboos

about sex, then things have been mixed up, and it has been said, that sex in

itself is impure. It is by no means, sex is only impure, if it is practiced for

solely egoistic reasons, and/or by hurting others. Sadism and masochism are

impure varieties of sexual behavior, here one is hurting others to satisfy

oneself, or one forces others to hurt oneself, thereby forcing a karmic burden

upon someone else.

When two people make love, then the lights from their

sex chakras are mixed, and the purple lightwaves are creating figures, whose

beauty also in this case depends on the love between the parties. Two people,

who really love each other, create a fantastic aura around them when making love

- it can be compared to a purple forest of fairy tale trees, whose flowers and

leaves create an arc above the lovers, which has so powerful vibrations,

that a lot of negative karma can be burned away. In other words, just by loving

another person and showing it by sexual behavior which pleases and satisfies,

one can develop very much personally and in the end thereby also spiritually.

But all this implies, that there is love between the two, and it implies

that there is a will to give instead of demanding - that they both at any time

are prepared to give up egoistic demands in favor of giving to the other.

The purity that is reflected in ones consciousness when the sex chakra

is clean means, that one lives a positive life, a life without complaining and

reproaching to others, a life where one lives in accordance with the truth of

life: that one is creating ones own consciousness - either as a positive or a

negative impression of the world that one lives in.



This chakra is radiating a blue-violet light, and also a golden

light. When the solar plexus is pure, then one is at peace with others, then one

lives a life without conflicts, where all relations are positive, and all

conflicts are stopped and transformed into exiting confrontations, where one is

learning instead of fighting.

When e.g. two people are quarreling, then

the blue-violet light from the solar plexus chakra is turning dark, and the way

that the lights from the two chakras are mixed is characterized by negativity.

Different figures can be seen here, e.g. it is common to see small blue-violet

ogres over people who are quarreling. The darker the blue-violet light is, the

more hate is there between

the two, and when it turns dark enough, it turns

into black, and a blockage may arise in the solar plexus center in one or both

of them. I will point out the difference between a quarrel and a confrontation,

for also within this area some rather confusing conceptions has slipped in,

which have had some quite important consequences for the people here on Earth.

To quarrel means to make war, which means that one attacks, feels ill-treated,

complains, attack again etc.. But a conflict may also result in a confrontation,

where you do not quarrel, but where each of the parties from their own point of

view explains what they feel about the actual conflict or disagreement, what

they mean about the situation, but without attacking the other part. In

different kinds of therapy confrontations in a cultivated form are being used,

and I can mention, that here the talk is about "I" and "you" messages. Messages

are those that are used in a pure confrontation, while you-messages are used in

quarreling, in verbal wars. If one restricts oneself to point out where one

stands oneself, humbly and prepared to solve the conflict, then one has

expressed ones love, and the whole thing can be lead into a direction where the

parties come to an agreement, because they

both are willing to solve the

conflict without attacking one another.

Over the years things has got

mixed up, actually in a completely similar way as they have within the sexual

area, and any kind of confrontation has been taboo, which has been very

detrimental to one and all. If you have a conflict with another person, then you

do not solve it by simply denying it. I must be worked through in a

confrontation, where first of all the energies from the solar plexus center are

activated, and first then the problem is repealed and solved. Unsolved problems

in our relations to other people manifests as muscle tensions, or as blockages

in many different areas, this is quite an individual matter. Within many kinds

of group therapy, e.g. within the different branches of [gestalt?] therapy,

there is emphasis on finishing events between people in a correct way.


This chakra is the most important of them all,

because it contains the seed for the ability to feel divine, pure love for

everyone and everything.

Pure love is love that is devoid of egoism, of

calculation, of any kind of demand. When two people who love each other purely

are together, then figures quite beyond description are created above them, e.g.

like a rose-pink rainbow, shining in al the most beautiful rose-pink colors, and

rose-pink flowers of all shades can be seen, as rose-pink is the color of this


Pure love is the most important quality in a human being,

anything else is subordinate. Any intellectual knowledge about this or that is

completely subordinate the ability to feel love. Love is what God demands his

children to learn, and it is the only real demand for spiritual development. Any

technique, any kind of control, any intellectual knowledge is subordinated the

law of

love. God is pure love, and the most principal duty for his children

on their journey back to him/her is to learn to feel this pure love for others.

Because love is also the creative aspect in life, many negative things

has happened in those societies, where there have been an emphasis on the

intellectual and academic knowledge. Here much has been lost, and countless

people have had their development amputated, because their creativity has been

stifled in the years of growth, and thereby their ability to love.


work creatively does not only mean to paint or to write, there are lots of ways

in which to work creatively. Common to them all is that one uses ones ability to

create - the power that manifests through ones hands or mouth - and that one has

opportunities for development of this discharge of energy.


educational system in the so-called civilized countries on Earth has been

amputated though the demands for intellectual effectively, and thereby many a

heart chakra has been blocked over the years.

Now when talking so much

about blockages in the chakras here in the first chapter, I will hurry to add,

that there is no reason to despair because of this, for life is arranged so

suitable, that one begins to clear and cleanse all the blockages one has

developed, as soon as one makes the decision that one wants to be cleansed. One

can then do different things in order to ease

the process, like meditating,

or practicing yoga or other bodily techniques. One can even get rid of many

blockages by swimming regularly, because water has healing powers.

Therefore: if you want to get rid of the blockage in your heart chakra,

then do not despair; of course it will take some time before your prayer will be

granted, but it will happen sooner or later as you wish, especially because it

is a positive wish, and because you will receive help from the spiritual

dimensions to have your wish fulfilled. In a later chapter I will delve deeper


different methods for cleansing yourself.


This chakra radiates a blue light, when seen from the highest level - a

clear blue color, not light blue, but a clear blue color, like the sky on a

clear summer day.

When the throat chakra is clean, then one feels an

inner, completely unshakable peace; one feels strong, no matter the

circumstances. Not a strength that has to do with power, but a strength that

springs from resting in oneself, a resting in ones higher, or divine self.

When two people mix the energies from their throat chakras, they talk

together actively and intensely. If one or both is trying to dominate, then the

joint blue color turns dark, and figures appears which looks like small ogres or

witches, and also power symbols, like weapon of all kinds, may appear.

When two people mix the energies from their throat chakras, without the

desire for dominating each other, then the most beautiful blue color appears,

and within this color symbols for strength and solidarity, like e.g. a beautiful

sword which protects the two against the dark forces, may appear. Also humorous

figures, like laughing fairies, can be seen, for when there are no


manifestations of power in the contact with another persons throat chakra, then

there is humor. Humor is one of the most important of Gods qualities, and he/she

likes to see, that his/hers children really understand this and live in

accordance with it. Within most religions the higher spiritual doctrines and

textbooks are devoid of humor, this is simply an error, and this

is also

going to be corrected now. Of course it may be a bit difficult to bring humor

into the highest wisdom, but it is actually dangerous not to, for humor can to

some degree protect against the kind of darkness, which tries to gain power

through the contact with human beings' throat chakras. Therefore: a good joke,

when the conversation becomes a bit unpleasant, that is a

good idea. This is

what is meant when we say that humor is disarming.



This chakra, which is also called the third eye, is located right

between the eyebrows on the forehead. It is the center for clairvoyance,

visions, and transcendence of time and space in thinking. It radiates a clear,

green light, and people who have begun to develop the ability so see more than

most people, have a shining ball located in the area of this chakra. This ball

protects, and draws energy into the brain.

When two people mix the

energies from their third-eye chakras, then it may happen, that their

clairvoyance increases. If they both are relatively pure in this center, their

understanding of different things will be increased considerably, and figures

appear around them, which are shining green and beautiful. With very clear

people there may e.g. be seen a ring showing the whole story of creation, with a

deep understanding of what has happened to him and the other within the whole

dimension of time, all at once. It can be seen directly here from the spiritual

dimensions, what the one or the other understands of all this. If one or both

have an unclean third-eye chakra, then the green color turns dark and muddy, and

misconceptions and limitations in time and space appear, and also these can be

seen from the spiritual dimensions. It is quite a lot we here from the spiritual

dimensions can see, when two people meet. All this means, that especially

third-eye problems are very easily mutually intensified, and that means, that if

two people are married, and the one has a very unclean third-eye chakra, then

the other must be careful not to be affected by all the things that comes from

there. Therefore problems with the third-eye chakra are very often the reason

for divorces, because this is intuitively felt by the one with the cleanest

third-eye chakra. I am not saying this to invite people to get divorced, but I

will add, that if ones chakras are relatively clean, and one is somewhat aware

that one is on the way to spiritual enlightening, then one also knows how to

protect oneself against unwanted influence. This is very simple, as one simply

asks God for protection - if necessary one can ask for a more permanent ring of

protection, and if one is especially concerned about ones third-eye chakra, then

one can ask for a special protection of this area.


This chakra is the chakra that is the most penetrable for light, and its

color is yellow and golden. It represents wisdom, a deep and all embracing

wisdom. When this chakra is clean, then one knows everything, understands

everything - nothing is obscure concerning life, Gods will, and creation.

When two people mix the energies from their crown chakras, the throat

chakra is often involved because they talk together, and this means, that the

light from the crown chakra and the throat chakra are often mixed. But if the

crown chakras are clean, then it is relatively unimportant if they have a verbal

dialogue, for then the yellow light will reach the other telepathically, i.e. a

silent transference of wisdom from the one to the other will take place, and no

words will be necessary. Many will probably know this all too well from personal

experiences, where they understand another person completely, without words. But

wisdom can also be transferred from the one to the other e.g. through the eyes.

When a person has a very clean crown chakra, the yellow light turns into

a soft, golden light, which wraps the person in an aura, that has a most

beautiful and excellent influence on others. Because the crown chakra is the

chakra that is the most penetrable for light, it is very important to cleanse

it, and that can be done in different ways, which I will go into details with


When two people talk together, and their crown chakras are

blocked, a very unpleasant color, a muddy, dark curry color appears, which is

very easy to perceive for sensitive people. A tingling and prickling sensation

is felt in the crown, ones head feels uncomfortable, and therefore it is

important to protect oneself, when being together with people, whose crown


radiates these energies.

When two people whose crown chakras

are unclean unite, then all kinds of misconceptions appear that has to do with

limitations, limitations in time and space, the conception that one only live

once, then one is wiped out, and whatever is connected with these concepts. It

is certainly not amusing here from the spiritual dimensions to watch all the

things that appear, when e.g. a group of people are gathered in a circle, and

their crown chakras run amok and create all these misconceptions and the most

grotesque symbols of limitation. But now that I have just talked about humor,

then I will add, that it sometimes can be quite comical to see some divine,

eternal beings, sit and use a lot of time to convince each other that the only

live once, that 70 years on Earth is their measured time, and then no more. It

is an incredible amount of energy that sometimes is wasted this way.



In the information given above the 7 main

chakras are described separately, but when two people meet, then obviously

certain energy connections will appear, which has to do with their special

relationship, their karmic connections, their mutual blockages, and the mutual

harmony and love between them.

The energy from the 7 chakras do however

run through certain patterns, which I will try to explain in the following. Each

chakra consists as I said of a bunch of light, a concentration of vibrations,

and when two people meet, then these vibrations often follow this pattern: it

starts with that the energies from the throat chakras are mixed, but often a

contact is first established between the crown chakras via eye contact. The

energy then flows between them, and if there is a basis for further contact,

then the light from these two chakras activate both the heart and the solar

plexus chakras. From the spiritual dimensions two people look like shining

rainbows, where the colors are changing and circling around in many different

ways, and when they meet then the colors from their chakras are mixed, and when

the first two colors are mixed then they move

further on, often to the heart

chakra, where the rose-pink light then either is increased or decreased,

according to the course of the events, and then the energy is activated in solar

plexus, then in the sex chakra, and finally in the root chakra. Consequently,

when two people meet, the energy often travels from the crown chakra and then

down through the chakras, and when a full

contact is established, the united

energy will begin to behave in a very beautiful manner. It will begin to form a

unit between the two, which it does by circulating through both people's chakras

in a way, so that it travels in and out of the chakras with their different

colors, then the colors are mixed to form a white light, which, if it can

circulate somewhat unhindered, will begin to

circulate round through all the

chakras in a larger movement in a figure of eight: from one persons root chakra

and up through the chakras, and then down to the others persons root chakra and

up through the chakras, and so on. Both within the single individual, and within

both people in their mutual contact, there are vibrations, or light from their

chakras, with the color of the

individual chakras, and then, when the light

is mixed, turning into white or bright and appearing as a superior energy flow

either around the individual or both of them.

All of this may be a bit

difficult to imagine, and actually it is quite a lot that happens in the

individual and between the two parties in close contact with each other, when

seen from the spiritual dimensions.

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Energy Work Part


You are centred when:

* you are balanced and stable.

* you are breathing deeply from your solar plexus.

* you are relaxed, calm, and focused.

* you are aware, internally and externally.

* you are feeling your emotions - and learning from them without letting them control you.

* you are compassionate and connected to others and to your environment.

* you are appreciative of yourself and others.

* you are able to receive and give sincere acknowledgment.

* you are energized by purpose.

* you are greater than your challenges.

* you are unattached to the outcome of a situation.

you are having fun and laughing often.

Becoming Aware

For this exercise, you will need a

piece of white sketch paper, a dark lead

pencil, some soft meditation music,

a candle and a secure, private room.

Light the candle and extinguish all electric lights. Play some soft meditation music and settle into a comfortable, upright, sitting position.

Close your eyes and begin to breathe slowly and deeply. Use every inhalation as a chance to check your posture; your spine should be perpendicular to the floor, with your neck and head erect/ Inhaling deeply from the diaphragm, between the navel and sternum, will help your spinal posture.

Exhale completely, pushing out your

breath from the diaphragm. As the air

escapes your lungs, imagine that

tensions melt away with it. A few

repetitions of this deep breathing will

begin to put you into the proper

relaxed, yet alert state.

Once your posture is aligned and your body relaxed, concentrate on slowing and evening your breath. Inhale while slowly counting to four. Pause, comfortably holding your breath for another count of four. If this is uncomfortable at first, aim for the count of two, slowly increasing the count on subsequent breaths. As your body relaxes further, this becomes easier.

Now exhale for the count of four, waiting for another four counts before inhaling again. After a few repetitions, your body will begin this rhythm without conscious commands: you will find that during your pauses in breathing, your mind becomes clear of thoughts, as it should be.

Now, light the candle

and begin staring into its flame. Allow critical

thinking processes to end;

if thoughts arise in your mind, let the, quietly

float away. Become aware of

the candle flame and the shadows it casts

about the room. Breathe slowly and

deeply, allowing yourself to see only

the patterns of light and shadow.

Still staring at the candle flame., begin to sketch the interplay of the light and shadows you can see without casing to gaze at the flame. Don't bout your artistic ability; just sketch the patterns of light and shadow present in your immediate visual field. Once you have finished, look at what you have drawn. Take a few moments before extinguishing the candle and returning to normal awareness.

In becoming aware of the overall

patterns and not the individual pieces, we

realize that all life is an

interconnected whole. There is no dividing

line between the ground we stand

upon, the bird that we see soaring through

the skies, or the plants growing

in our gardens. Nature forms a symbiotic

relationship in which everything

feeds, grows, and depends upon everything else.

Imagine being truly disconnected from the environment of earth, air, water and fire. In spirit, perhaps one could survive under such conditions, Physical form, however, must follow physical law.

The Earth below us

provides stability and the foundation for all other elements to exist; within Her framework an ecosystem of vast proportions has developed. Some elements may be dispense with and cause no immediate harm; but over long periods of time no one really knows the implications of destroying a subspecies of blind shrimp found in a marine cave off the coast of Bermuda. Nature forms relationships which support and build upon each other; to take away from the pattern is risking destruction of the whole.

Our greatest limitation as humans is that we often fail to perceive the overall pattern, the big picture, of all things. Once we have truly become aware of patterns, not just individual threads, we are still limited by our inability to take in more than one part of the pattern. To illustrate this point, repeat the Becoming Aware exercise in a different part of the same room, preferably the area that was originally behind your back. Once completed, compare the two patterns. The center of the sketch where the candle was remains the same; it will be a large area of light. The remaining shadows, shades and area of darkness will take on different forms and shapes.

They do, however, both exist, the two patterns are different parts of the same whole. If we "had eyes in the back of our heads," we would be able to perceive the larger pattern they share. In this exercise, the candle represents our focus, our path, our point of concern, while the varying shade represent how the remainder of the environment falls into place around our focal point. Considering this, one may see how different opinions on one subject exist; different ideals, religions, governments and political views flourish and crumble side by side in the same world. Are any right or wrong? Not necessarily, as they are all viewing their part of the whole pattern and interpreting it according to their own biases. Perhaps if our world leaders could learn to use this point of view ...

To take in and understand more of the patterns of existence

we must use more than our sight; all five physical sense must blend into one another and be operative together before the sixth sense, our psychic awareness, opens up. By experiencing the present with all our physical senses, we learn to balance our experience and process material on a more intuitive level. Call it intuition, ESP, or "the sight" this inner processing of experience moves us toward the subtle realms where the big picture, or overall pattern of things, may be experienced on a broader


Energy Work Part


Use this exercise to become aware of the interplay of the five senses - the five separate ways one may perceive physical reality. For this exercise, we need the materials from the first exercise, plus an aromatic fruit such as an orange or grapefruit.

Repeat the first exercise. Once you have slipped

into the consciousness of patterns, pick up the fruit in your hands. Try to feel the texture as you gaze at the orange, as opposed to rationalizing it with your mind. See the fruit and allow the awareness of its reality to transcend either the sight or the texture; feel the two modes of awareness

becoming one.

Peel the fruit, listening to the subtle sounds this makes.

Add this to the whole experience. As you peel, the soft citrus aroma will permeate the area around you. Four senses are now involved in the experience: sight, sound, touch, and smell. Integrate these experiences into one.

To complete this exercise, eat the orange slowly, one piece at a time. Feel the stickiness the juices create on your fingers. Smell the aroma. See the naked flesh of the fruit. Feel the silky softness of the flesh. Finally, taste it. Internalize these sensations into one until you can arrive at a complete, here and now experience of the orange.


Once we perceive the BIG PICTURE, once we can temporarily alchemizwe our experiences into one pattern, we have found the frame of mind needed to cast our circle and slip between the worlds of reality. Leaving our separatist, divide-and-conquer frame of mind behind in a trance state that embraces patterns, not individual pieces, we move into a state where we may work powerful magicks.

Our magick may appear to give us the perfect freedom to do what we wish at first, but we quickly realize that by removing or changing one thread in our material designs, the others change to compensate,. Throw a rock into a pool of water, and ripples spread out from the point of impact, disturbing the stillness of the water. The mass of the rock itself causes a slight rise in the water level' the larger the rock, the larger the disturbance.

Ripples cease, but until the added mass is removed, the water level remains the same. In removing the rock, we again disturb the stillness of the water's surface. This is true of the Law of Karma - anything we do will influence everything in the area. There is no good or evil considered in it; only cause and effect. Sometimes even the best intentions have devastating effects. Patterns once altered, are never truly the same again.

This defining of space and creation of a spiritual body of sorts is comparable to the choices we make before birth; those of parentage and general life circumstance. Before we create our vortex, we are limited in our working space; a room or portion of a room is used, Likewise, those of us here on earth are here because we have to be here (unlike an avatar); however, each of us chooses our parentage and general life circumstance.

Choosing the magickal vehicle (body) while working within a temple (earthy) is a decision left up to each of us before stepping into the world We each come with a goal and a purpose.

Likewise, before stepping (incarnating) into the magickal circle (body), we enter with a specific goal in mind, whether it be to worship, share, or work magick. The space becomes a magickal body for us to use during our operations. While operating within the sphere, our attention turns inward to the center of the circle, an act that symbolically represents us turning inward to ourselves.

In spite of what one may have read or been taught, there are three necessary steps in casting the circle: dedication, purification, and invokation. In dedicating our circle, we begin by announcing the space as sacred, giving our subconscious a call to attention. Physical boundaries are delineated; we realize that the astral forms follow the physical designs, and thought begins the process by which we open our space. Critical and analytical functions are set aside; disbelief is suspended for a time. We also realize that the outer forms are not important. In casting the circle, it is what happens within us, on the inner realms of consciousness, that creates our vortex. As we do will, so mote it be!

Next comes the purification of the space. Moving in a deosil (clockwise) progression, we further enforce the circle's boundaries as we continue to cleanse it of negativity. Becoming our magickal body for a time, as the circle is cleansed, so are we. Water, incense, earth, and fire are carried about to purify the space with the four elements. We release negative thought forms and energies from ourselves. Vibratory rates are raised, and the general area is cleansed. Finally, having prepared and strengthened our vortex, we call the Mighty

Ones into the circle. We proceed with the four elements, and finally call the God/dess. This gives us the chance to call on aspects of ourselves specific to the work that we are doing. Our operations are done with the higher parts of our beings, not just the purely human part. Magickal operations done only with the human part require more effort and often fail.

Operations done under divine guidance are rapid; they become true art forms, apt to succeed. We invoke the powers and they resonate within, awakening aspects of ourselves that normally remain hidden from everyday consciousness. The circle becomes a living mandala and we are finally centered within the self.

To begin casting the circle, we must first

develop the new awareness that

accompanies it, a sort of twilight vision

where we can see the holistic

pattern and reality behind all things, not

just the individual identities.

For within the circle we stretch our

consciousness to become one with the

powers around us; the traditional

separateness we feel in everyday life must

be suspended for a moment so we

may transcend that reality. Once we attain

that awareness, we must begin to

channel that new consciousness, the energy

that lies within the pattern,

into the form called the magick circle.

Set in front of you a plant, a crystal and a low vibration stone...such as one from a creek bed. Sit in a quiet room calming your mind. Allow your mind to flow freely, clearing itself. Rub your hands together, hold them about 5 inches apart. Feel the energy flowing down your arms being held between your hands.

Practice "pushing" the energy to about 1 in, then making it "grow"...see how far you can bring your hands away from each other before you can no longer feel the energy. Play with this for a few minutes. Notice how you sense the energy. Cold or hot? Tingling or pin pricks? A humming or throbbing? Whatever your sensation... allow your mind to become accustomed to the feeling.

When you are ready place your hands around the plant, about 1 inch from it. Some use only their receptive hand (the non writing hand) while others use both. It is best to use both in the beginning to see which is actually the receptive hand. Some are energy ambidextrous, using both hands equally to sense energy.

Place your hands around the plant first...letting the energy flow from it to your hands. Notice the feeling from it. Don't be upset if you feel nothing. This exercise may take several attempts. It's is best to close your eyes while doing this. Shutting down your visual perception aids opening of the others. Give yourself a few minutes to feel the plant.

Energy Work Part 4

When you have done this, break contact with the plant gently. Plants get used to the energy we give them...and you are giving it energy as well as sensing it's energy...It is shocking to immediately break the flow of energy, whether it is person, plant or animal. Shake your hands to clear them...visualizing the energy of the plant shaking off of your hands like water.

Then place the crystal in the palm of your hand, with

the other hand over it, not quite touching it. Do the same as you did with the plant. Notice the energy flowing from the crystal. Especially notice the DIFFERENCE of energy between them. When you have done this for a few minutes, place the crystal down. Shake your hands again as with the plant. Then pick up the low vibration stone. Do the same as with the crystal...Again pay attention to the DIFFERENCE of the energy.

Crystals are very high vibration... a stone form a creek bed etc is low...Some cannot feel anything at all from low vibration stones especially in the beginning. When you have done this...again shake your hands to rid them of the energy.

When you have finished...wash your hands in salt and cold water. The salt is cleansing. The cold water desensitizes them. Some people have a very hard time "turning off" the flow of energy. If you cannot make your hands "shut down"...repeat the salt and cold water...making sure you visualize the energy turning off"...closing your hands into fists.

You can also, simply ground the energy to the Earth, as in, "plant it" as one of our young ones taught me or "space it" as other young people have been saying to denote sending it out to the Universe.

Do this exercise every night until you feel the

difference of the stones and plants. Keep notes from the first exercise to document your awareness level over time.

Energy as a Tool

Energy is everywhere.

It surrounds us daily. And yet, many of us don't

even think about the energy we use in our lives daily, in magical workings and in simple, mundane tasks.

When you settle in to do a ritual or to work a spell, do you simply say the words and expect something to happen? I hope not. More than likely you concentrate on the words you are saying and you envision the desired result of your working, all the while pouring energy into the spell. It is that energy that the magic is made of. Without that energy your words have no direction, no power behind them, so to speak. Everything you do, magically intended or not, is full of energy. Just the simple act of moving requires


When you speak about something you love passionately, then there is an amazing amount of energy behind those words. The same goes for when you are discussing something that makes you angry. It's a lot like the saying, "You could cut the tension with a knife." That tension is energy from the situation that people put out, knowingly and


This energy that we expend daily is something that we can tune into and use. You can take that energy you feel inside you and gather it up and push it through you into whatever you are trying to do. Whether that be putting the energy into a spell, healing someone or giving the energy to another person.

The best way, I feel, to start off when you are going to do energy work, is to ground and center yourself. Relax, take deep breaths.

It is a much easier process when you can fully focus on the task at hand, rather than carrying the days stress into the situation with you. The way I gather energy for something is usually by sitting (or standing, if you like) and concentrating on the energies around and under and in me. Try to get of sense of where the energies are and how they feel to you.

Then I draw energy from around and above me, then from below me, then (sometimes, depending on the task) from inside me. Before you begin to take the energy from outside yourself, always, always ASK whatever you are taking the energy from if it is okay. Always be respectful. The energy is much easier to work with when it is given freely. Then I channel all the different energies into one large ball, often in my hands, sometimes in my center. Then I take that energy and expand it while concentrating on what I wish to do or what I want. Then I send the energy into the wish (kind of pushing it in the direction I want) or into the spell and concentrate on it until all the energy is expended.

Then I relax and thank the dieties of my choice and ask

my dragon if he thinks it went well. Sometimes I ground and center again, because working with so much energy can disrupt your system a bit. I know it sounds long and involved, but after practicing and working with it, it will come to you much faster and will be a second nature. Everyone, especially those who work with energy on a frequent basis, is often more prone to other people's energy attaching it them. Everyone, whether they realize it or not, radiates some kind of energy. Some people give off very positive energy. Others give off moredepressing or depressing energy. People are very susceptible to picking up another's energy and having it effect they way that they feel or the things that they do.

There is a way to prevent the rubbing off of energy and to keep your energy from leaking to another. This process is called shielding. Shielding is a very simple technique that is used by many people. The most simple way of shielding is to take your channeled energy, from either inside yourself or from around you, and form an airtight sphere of light around you. This light can be any color. Also, instead of using light, some people use plain energy, or picture steel surrounding them, or any other variation you feel you need. The sphere surrounding you should stop all other energy from hitting you, while at the same time keeping your energy from leaking to others.

Remember, energy is a very powerful force and isn't something you should take lightly or use carelessly. If you don't use it correctly, you could actually wind up hurting yourself or someone else.

Energy Play:

From: Wicca A Guide For The Solitary Practitioner

By: Scott Cunningham

The energy and magical powers at work in Wicca are

real. They aren't of some astral plane. They're within the Earth and our selves. They maintain life. We daily deplete our store of energy and replenish it through the air we breathe, the food we eat, and the powers that stream down from the Sun and Moon.

Know that this power is

physical. Yes, it's mysterious, but only

because so few investigate it in

magical ways. Following are some

exercises to help you do just that.

Calm yourself. Breathe deeply. Rub your palms together for twenty seconds. Start slowly and rub faster and faster. Feel your muscles tense. Feel your palms grow warm. Then, suddenly, stop and hold your palms about two inches from each other. Feel them tingling: That's a manifestation of power. By rubbing your palms together and using the muscles in your arms and shoulders you're raising energy - magical power. It's flowing out from your palms as you hold them apart.

If you don't feel anything, practice this once or twice a day until you have success. Remember, don't force yourself to feel the power. Trying harder won't accomplish anything. Relax and allow yourself to feel what's been there all the time.

After you've actually sensed this energy, begin to

fashion it into shapes. Use your visualization to do this. Directly after rubbing your hands, while they're still tingling, visualize jolts of energy - perhaps electric blue or purple - passing from your right (projective) palm to left (receptive) palm. If you're left-handed, reverse the directions. *Note- Remember the science fiction and fantasy movies you've seen wherein a magician sends power from his or her hands?

Remember what it looked like in cinematic form? If you wish, use a similar image to visualize personal power streaming from your palms.

Though that was just special effects this, of course, is real, and we can use this picture to actually send out that power.

Energy Work Part


Now envision this energy slowly swirling in a clockwise direction between your palms. Form it into a ball of glowing, pulsating magical energy.

See its dimensions, its colors.

Feel its force and heat in your palms. This is a bit of energy which you've released from your body. There's nothing supernatural about it. Cup your hands around the ball. Make it grow or decrease in size through your visualization. Finally push it into your stomach and absorb it back into your system.

This is not only great fun but is a valuable magical

learning experience. When you've mastered the art of energy spheres, go on to feel energy fields.

Sit or stand before any plant. Herbs and

plants in bloom seem to work

best. In a pinch, cut flowers can be used as


Breathe deeply for a few moments and clear your thoughts. Hold your receptive (left) palm a few inches above the plant. Pinpoint your consciousness to your palm. Do you feel a dull throbbing, a hum, a wave of heat, or simply a shift in the energies within your palm? Do you feel the inner force of the plant?

If so, good - you've felt energy. After you've

felt energy. After you've accomplished this, try sensing the energies of stones and crystals. Place a quartz crystal, Stretch out with your feelings and

become aware of the non-visible but viable energies that pulsate within the crystal.

All natural objects, remember, are

manifestations of divine energy.

With practice we can feel the power that

resides within them.

If you have difficulty feeling these powers, rub

your palms lightly

together to sensitize them and try again.

This energy is the same power we're filled with when we're angry, nervous, terrified, joyous or sexually aroused. It's the energy used in magic, whether we pull it from ourselves or channel it from the Goddess and God, plants, stones and other objects. It is the stuff of creation which we utilize in magic.

Now that you've felt the power, use visualization to

move it around.

You needn't rub your palms together to raise energy - you

can do this simply by concentrating on doing so. One of the easiest methods is to tighten up the muscles - tense your body. This raises energy, which is why we must relax in meditation. Meditation lowers our energy and allows us to drift from this world.

When you feel yourself bursting

with power, hold out your right

(projective) hand and direct energy from

your body, through your arm

and out your fingers. Use your visualization.

Really see and feel it

streaming out.

For practice, stand in your

home. Build the power within you. Direct

it into each room, visualizing it

sinking into the cracks and walls

and around doors and windows. You're not

creating a psychic burglar

alarm but a magical protectant, so visualize the

energy forming an

impenetrable barrier across which no negativity or

intruders ca cross.

After "sealing" the house, halt the flow of energy.

You can do this by visualizing it stopping and by shaking your hand. Sense your protective-powered energy resting within the walls. A secure, safe feeling should flood through you as you stand within your now guarded home.

Yes, you've done this with your mind, but also with power.

Energy is

real, and your ability to manipulate energy determines the

effectiveness of your circle and rituals.

Work with feeling and

directing the power daily. Make this a sort of

magical play until you reach

the point where you won't have to stop

and think, "Can I do it" Can I raise

the power?"

You'll know you can.

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Welcome to the Realm's Of Witchery

I am often asked, "I want to learn what you know, can you teach me?" My answer to that si always, yes anyone can be taught, as I wil never know all the answers and from teaching others I teach myself. There are only a few requirements that I tell each of my students, 1. You must have an open mind. 2. You must to true to yourself and true to your path 3. Respect others if you want to be respected yourselves.

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Course Outline

Who exactly are you anyway? (Know Thyself)

Getting to know the portion of Nature just outside your door.


Pantheons (finding the right one)

Familiars/Totems/Spirit Guides

Tools and Altars

Wheel of the Year

Moons and Moon Magick (Full Moon and Dark Moon)

Casting a circle

Candle Magick and Correspondences.

Ritual basics - how to write your own.

Past Lives

Herbs for magick and medicine

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First off you really need to know yourself. Gnothi Seauton is Greek for "know thyself".

The easiest way to do this is to first take a clean sheet of paper and draw a line down the center. On the left side, write a heading entitled 'My Shortcomings' and on the right put a heading called 'My Gifts'.

Now, if you're honorable, you'll be blatantly honest with yourself. You can lie to others but you know you can not lie to yourself - unless your psychotic! Spend at least an hour total just meditating upon your weaknesses and strengths. It doesn't matter much which outweighs which but rather how much about yourself do you really know.

Socrates said, "The unexamined life is not worth living", so examine it already! Where have you been in your life? What've been the ups? Downs? Embarassing moments? Triumphs? Victories? Concessions?

In your self-analysis, make sure you cover the following:





Now once you have an idea of who you are, then let's explore where you want to go!

Another sheet of paper and divide it into three sections and title them:

1. Personal Goals

2. Professional Goals

3. Social Goals

Subhead each with the following:

Long term (10-20 years)

Medium term (5-10 years)

Short term (1-2 years)

List everything you've ever wanted to do in the appropriate location. Be frank & honest with yourself. Day dream and allow your whims to bubble up to the surface.

Finally, write out a short essay of why you want to be a Witch, Priest/ess or whatever. Make it at least one page long, single spaced. What are your aims in the Path? What do you wish to gain?

Why go thru with all this rigamarole? Well in Neuro-Linguistic Programming this is called Determining Your Outcome. If you want something to happen, you must have an outcome of some type in mind in which to plan for. If you wish to persuade your brother to stop wearing your running shoes without bashing his brains in, then you need to determine what your outcome really is. In this example it's to get your brother to leave your running shoes alone. That'd be your outcome in that situation.

Ever read Alice In Wonderland? Remember what the Cheshire Cat said to Alice when she met him at a crossroads? "If you don't have a particular destination in mind then any path will get you there". Goals and Outcomes will save you a lot of headache and misery in the long run by simply acting as a guide not as something engraved in stone.

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Creating Personal


Creating Personal Shields

Here's your basic psychic shields, as

taught to me by a friend of mine. The approach is psionic rather than mystical,

so it ought to work for just about anyone with a "normal" set of psychic traits.

Visualize a hard "shell" of force extending from your body about 2-3

inches and conforming to its contours. Don't actually put one there, even if you

can; for right now just picture it. If you find this visualization difficult,

start with a sphere or egg shape a few feet from your body and gradually bring

it closer until it's the previously-mentione d few inches. Make sure it covers

your entire body, down to the soles of your feet; don't just concentrate on the

head & torso because they're easy. Pay particular attention to the color;

common colors seem to be purple or white. It can be whatever you want it to be,

but white's usually the strongest. (Mine started as purple, then turned white as

I tightened it.) Keep visualizing. Look at all parts with your imagination. Get

comfortable with it. Move with it. Do jumping jacks if you want. Build up your

concentration. Focus comfortably.

When you're comfortable, focus and

concentrate. Now breathe in. As you exhale, actualize it. Make it real. Even if

you're not familiar with energy projection, this should be an automatic process

if you have the right willpower. You might feel a brief (or not so brief)

tactile sensation - i.e., you'll actually feel the shields as part of your body.

Any feedback you get will depend on your sensitivity. Just because you can't

feel them doesn't mean they're not there -- if you think they're there, then

they are. Their strength is proportional to your certainty that they exist.

And that's basically it. If you have any sensitivity, you can figure out

how to test them. (A friend who can direct energy would help. "Hey, do me a

favor, could ya shoot me in the leg?" Preferably non-lethal, of course.) If

you're like me, and not very sensitive, then you'll have more trouble with

feedback and refinement, but it's still possible. Then again, non sensitive

people also have the advantage of not needing shields as much. Under ordinary

circumstances, anyway.

If this works for you, cool. If it doesn't, I'm

sorry. Feel free to modify and experiment at your leisure. Mystical associations

(particularly Moon magic or invocations) will always help... Also play with the

form & function if you like. (One of the many reasons for having the

boundary two to three inches from you is that you can, if you have the strength

of will, "fill in" that space with further shielding or padding.) It would be

very helpful to you to make this a "background process" that you can keep

maintaining all the time without having to concentrate on it. Only practice and

some good mental suggestion will do this for you; I've never been able to

succeed at it and put my shields up only after I think there's danger. (I'm now

trying to project an external shield onto a pentacle so I won't have to worry

about it -- anyone have good ideas for a ritual/spell? )

One last

question. What are shields good for? Some people won't have to ask. In general,

they'll protect you against almost any psychic (and most magical) assault. They

do this with two components. The physical component works by blocking (or

absorbing, or reflecting -- depends on your style) energy directed at your

person. This covers just about everything, from negative energy shot at you

(including curses) to things that latch onto you and eat you for lunch. The

mental component supplements this by convincing you that you have shields, and

therefore are immune to psychic attack. This certainty is an overwhelming

defense against possession, emotional projection, and fear. So shields, in my

experience, are good against a complete range of critters from things that go

away when you tell them "Go away" to people working against you and even a few

Really Big Things. (A Really Big Thing against which your shields are

ineffective is probably a Thing You Shouldn't Be Messing With.)


final final note: The shields I described here are way too close to the body to

defend your aura. As far as I know the only way to prevent intereference with

your aura is to have a strong one.)

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50 Magickal Charms

What's Brewin e-Mag from Skatha

By Victoria Martyn

Who says that magick has to be complex? Here are fifty simple charms

That utilize many different common items, herbs, fruits and vegetables.

Note: Please do not use any of these charms in place of medical treatment, or when

Outside help is obviously advisable.

1. Lay thorny branches on your doorstep to keep evil from your


2. Eat a pinch of thyme before bed, and you will have sweet dreams..

3. Place chips of cedar wood in a box with some coins to draw money to


4. Carry an anemone flower with you to ward against illness.

5. Hang a bit of seaweed in the kitchen to ward evil spirits.

6. Keep a jar of alfalfa in your cupboards to ensure the prosperity of

Your house.

7. Burn allspice as an incense to draw money or luck to you, as well as

Speed healin g.

8. Cut an apple in half, and give one half to your love to ensure a

Prosperous relationship.

9. Carry an avocado pit with you to let your inner beauty shine


10. Avocado is an aphrodisiac.

11. Strawberries are an aphrodisiac.

12. Place a piece of cotton in your sugar bowl to draw good luck to

Your house..

13. Celery is an aphrodisiac.

14. Place almonds in your pocket when you need to find something.

15. Scatter chili peppers around your house to break a curse.

16. Carrying a packet of strawberry leaves will help ease the pains of


17. Scatter some sugar to purify a room.

18. Throw rice into the air to make rain.

19. Carry a potato in your pocket or purse all winter to ward against


20. Eat five almonds before consuming alcohol, to lighten the effects

Of intoxication.

21. Place a pine branch above your bed to keep illness away.

22. Chew celery seeds to help you con c entrate.

23. Carry a chunk of dry pineapple in a bag to draw luck to you.

24. Ask an orange a yes or no question before you eat it, then count

The seeds: if the seeds are an even number, the answer is no. If an odd

Number, yes.

25. Eat olives to ensure fertility.

26. Toss oats out your back door to ensure that your garden or crop

Will be bountiful.

27. Eat mustard seed to ensure fertility.

28. Place lilacs around your house to rid yourself of unwanted spirits.

29. Eat lettuce to drive lustful thoughts from your mind.

30. Rub a lettuce leaf over your forehead to help you sleep.

31. Add lemon juice to your bathwater for purification.

32. Eat grapes to increase psychic powers.

33. Carry a blade of grass to increase your psychic powers.

34. Smell dill to get rid of hiccups.

35. If you place a dill sachet over your door, those who wish you ill

Can not enter your home.

36. Place cotton on an aching tooth, an d the pain will ease..

37. Buy cotton to cause rain.

38. Place pepper inside a piece of cotton and sew it shut to make a

Charm to bring back a lost love.

39. Carry a small onion to protect against venomous animals.

40. Eat grapes to increase fertility.

41. Place a sliced onion in the room of an ill person to draw out the


42. Place an onion underneath your pillow to have prophetic dreams.

43. Place morning glory seeds under your bed to cure nightmares.

44. Walk through the branches of a maple tree to ensure that you will

Have a long life.

45. Mix salt and pepper together and scatter it around your house to

Dispel evil.

46. Smell peppermint to help you sleep.

47. Hang a pea pod containing nine peas above the door to draw your

Future mate to you.

48. Eat a peach to assist in making a tough decision.

49. Carry peach wood to lengthen your Lifespan.

50. Carry a walnut to strengthen your heart musc le .

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