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The vampire was not popularized as anything more than a rural folktale until the early 18th century when an influx of vampire superstition entered Western Europe from areas where vampire legends were most prominent, especially in Eastern Europe countries like Hungary and Romania.

This work traces the evolution of the vampire from its roots in ancient mythology to obscure folk tales and legends that lead up to when these foul beings transformed into the suave Byronic heroes that continue to influence the world’s view of the vampire that most readers today easily relate to. We will not only examine vampire folklore, but also the development of the vampire into the protagonist of plays and poems and the central subject of much artwork and literature. The Lestats and Edward Cullens of today owe their existence to those sources, whose roots date back to German poetry. It was the Germans who contributed to fiction, as they were the creative writers whose horrific tales preceded the plays and the novels of Goethe, Coleridge, Rudyard Kipling, Lord Byron and Polidori. In our era, the current thought of what a vampire is was crystallized with the influx of Victorian novels like Bram Stoker’s Dracula on up to the Vampire Chronicles by Anne Rice, who incorporated into her works influences from all the combined elements prominently evident in literature prior to hers. This new fictional vampire persona helped transform the vampires of myth and legend into romantic, sympathetic, and sexually-appealing seducers. As in all things, change is inevitable and, yet, the main facets of this hunter always remain intact.

Finally, this work explores the next phase of the vampire's influence on popular culture from its appearances in early motion pictures and Broadway plays throughout the decades on up to the modern-day depiction of this ever-present archetype.

As you will read, vampires existed since the beginning of human history, appearing in myriad forms in many different cultures. In my book Zombie Nation from Schiffer Publishing, I mentioned how both zombies and vampires have acted as a vehicle for profound statements expressing social commentary. Fictional vampires often express a secret agenda of their author or creator, from Polidori’s Lord Ruthven as a demonization of his former friend Lord Byron, to Stoker’s Count Dracula as a flagrant response to repressed Victorian sexuality.

History has shown an enduring love for vampires, as our collective obsession, and is not likely to lessen anytime soon. Even those who did not grow up watching Christopher Lee’s performance as Dracula or Tom Cruise as Lestat recognize the archetypes through cultural osmosis that has grown in the past decade to include Stephanie Meyer’s Edward Cullen and Charlaine Harris’ Sookie Stackhouse. The ever changing role and various aspects of the vampire can be best summed up by writer Nina Auerbach, author of Our Vampires, Ourselves, who says “Every age embraces the vampire it needs.”

I have always been an avid reader and a fan of both history and horror related fiction, so as I continued my studies on these foul revenants of the grave, the question on my mind was when and how did the old world Nosferatu turn into what we see in today’s modern vampire on the silver screen? Vampire Evolution: Myth to Modern Day seeks to explain those very critical aspects.

Psi Vampire -
Psychic (Psi) Vampires are understood to feed psychically on life force energy. Psi (or psy) feeding is usually performed on a willing individual or from the ambient energies of a large group or crowd. This term is often mistakenly confused with the pop psychology use of “psychological vampire”, used as a metaphor to describe specific socially manipulative behaviors. Psi vampire, refers to a vampire who feeds by some manner of energy transfer; this term may also be shortened to psivamp. Psy vampire, and “psychic vampire” are sometimes considered synonyms for psi vampire, but are also sometimes employed as separate terms with distinctive meanings. For example, “psi” is often employed as a synonym for ESP phenomena in parapsychology, and “psy” is short for either “psychic” or “psychological”. Those who make distinctions between these terms may use these meanings as the basis for their reasoning.

Blood Vampire:
-Types of Feeding-
Sanguinarian (Sang) Vampires feed by the drinking of blood – either human or animal. Sanguinarian vampires can vary in their experience of blood hunger and in how often or in what quantities they need to feed, but the unique craving for blood and the physical symptoms associated with neglecting to drink blood are unifying features of sanguinarian vampirism. The consumption of blood from human sources is facilitated through a consensual agreement by verbal or written contract between vampire and donor. Not all members of the vampire community actually acknowledge the difference between psychic and sanguinarian vampirism, and there is a popular but not universally-held theory within the vampire community that the life force energy or “prana” contained within the blood is the source from which they feed, rather than any physical component of the blood itself. This theory is supported by the notably small amount of blood that vampires consume to alleviate their hunger; usually one to two tablespoons, but challenged by the fact that vampires who consider themselves primarily blood drinkers often do not display as many or any of the psychic tendencies that psychic vampires do, and more often report more physical symptoms, such as sense acuity and physical strength, than do the psychic vampires.

A human-vampire hybrid, also known as half-vampire, vampire hybrid, half-human and half-vampire, and half-immortal, is the offspring of a female human and a male vampire. It is generally beyond the ability of most vampires to be this close to a human physically and still resist the lure of her blood. Hybrid or Psi/Sang Vampires claim to have no primary feeding method, being able to feed from either source at any time. Others report changing their primary feeding source from energy to blood, or vice versa, at various points in their lives. Some, but not all, vampires who can feed or have fed via both methods choose to describe themselves as Psi/Sang or Hybrid vampires. Still other community members go further to define sub-classes of vampirism based on the detailed methods and sources of psychic feeding. These classes are most often distinguished from one another based on the type of energy gained. Those who feed from natural or elemental energy, and those who feed from humans either during sexual contact, during magickal rituals, or during times of high emotional output may be described as specific types of vampires. Further subcategories of psi feeding energy exist, including terminology to describe those who feed from direct contact with the human aura, those who feed from the ambient energy of crowds and public places, those who can only absorb certain kinds of emotions, etc.

Elemental: This is simply the process of feeding from elemental forces rather than from living creatures. One should study the different elements (Earth, Water, Air and Fire; corresponds to the 4 states of matter on this plane) to acquire the knowledge of the differing qualities of these energies. I could possibly do another tut on the differing elements, their properties, and how they can be used at a later time.

Empathic vampyres are vampyres who feed on emotional life-force energies from the emotions of people. There are those that will say that vampyres that feed on positive and negative emotional energies (anger, fear, love, kindness, etc.) Others will say that negative/chaos vampyres are separate from empathic vampyres. The reason is that empathic vampyres will usually feed on whatever emotions a person is feeling without necessarily causing those emotions. However, often negative/chaos vampyres will cause situations where negative emotions and chaotic energies will be stimulated and then feed off of those energies.

But I have met many who feed off of positive energies, Causing situations that would create positive emotions and then feed off those.

Sexual vampyres are vampyres who feed on the life-force energies generated from having sex, especially the excess energies generated at the moment of orgasm. They can do so psychically and/or from bodily fluids. Female sexual vampyres are sometimes referred to as succubi (singularly, succubus), and male sexual vampyres are sometime referred to as incubi (singularly, incubus). Some will also refer to sexual vampires as Tantric vampyres.

Social vampire is very much like a sexual vampire, except they feed on social energy, rather than sexual energy. A social vampire will tend to be the type of person who loves to be the center of attention, and cannot stand to be alone or ignored by others.

New Breed Vampires:
These type of vampires are similar to the vampires in the movie "Queen of the Damned", minus a few exaggerations. Classical vampires are "ageless", meaning their physical bodies do not age, but they can be killed.

Genetic Vampires:
These vampires are similar to the vampires in the movie "Blade", minus a few exaggerations. For example, they do not burst into flames upon exposure to sunlight, and they are not affected by garlic. Most are extremely sensitive to sunlight, however. Depending on the blood line, some Genetic vampires can only last 10 mins, while others can last up to a few hours. If they do go over the time they can safely walk around in the sun, their skin will start to burn severely, much like a chemical burn. Most of them live for over 300 years of age. However, I do not know their exact lifespan. I have heard mixed reports of Genetic vampires living from 350 - 900 years of age.
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Inhertior Vampires TYPE 1:
These vampires are much like the Genetic vampires, except they are born. Like Sanguinarians, the vampire trait will lay dormant inside them until around the age of 13 - 26, when they awaken. When they body reaches the late stages of puberty, ir releases a chemical which awakens the vampire and begins many physical changes in the body. As a result of this, most Inheritors look around 19 - 20 years old their whole life. Most of the time the parents of the vampire will be human and vampire, or both vampires. There must be one vampire parent. Inheritor vampires live to around the age of 350-400 years old.

Inhertior Vampire TYPE 2:
Sanguinarians are the "mortal version" of the Inheritor vampires. They still require and crave blood, are sensitive to sunlight, and have many of the traits the Inheritor and Classical vampires have. However, Sanguinarians do not live much longer then the average human being.

Then there's the humans who THINK they're vampires:

These are humans who have a blood fetish, and who often get called vampires by other humans. They do not have a need to feed, but simply enjoy the taste of blood, or are excited by the sight, smell and taste of blood.

Wannabe's: are humans who want to be vampires. Most of the time they are 16-years-old kids who watch a lot of vampire movies, and think it would be "cool" to be a vampire. However, there are some people who are serious about wanting to be turned, who are in their 20's - 30's, and who know what they want and what they are getting themselves into. (aka, people who go "vampire" because of the Twilight book/movie, and all the other vampire novels.)


Then there are the non-Humanoid vampires :

Vampire Bats

Vampire Birds

Vampire Caterpillars

Vampire Frogs

And a variety of mythological Vampires like the Kappa

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