Oderint Dum Metuant (Coven)
Set at 12:45 on June 16, 2020
"One day, a King will come, and the Sword will rise... again."
Warmest welcome and thanks for visiting my profile. I must apologize in advance for my feeble attempt at a theme but I am such a huge fan of King Arthur and his knights of the Round Table that it seemed appropriate. I am totally a product of New York and still make my home in this wonderful state. I would like to tell you all that I am independently wealthy and have retired but that would be a lie of course so let's just say I still have to earn a living somehow. I have been engaged two times but never gone through with the actual marriages; maybe that says something about me and commitment, I do not know :)
I have many interests but I am a total fanatic when it comes to King Arthur and his knights of the round table. I love the movie Excalibur which I feel is one of the top ten movies of all time. To be honest I like everything about medieval knights, from their armor to their poetry/stories. I sometimes wish I could travel back in time just to sample what it was like to be at the Royal Court. I was a big fan of the Showtime series "The Tudors" and in that show they often were at Court. I'm also a huge fan of the NY Renaissance Faire. (I linked the website in case anyone is interested). Just a quick FYI: Garrus Vakarian is my favorite character from the Mass Effect games so that is why I took the name and Excalibur is one of my favorite movies so that's where I got the theme from.
I love gaming, whether it be on the PC, the Xbox One or the PS4. In the Nav box below I listed some of my favorite games. I also enjoy reading on my free time and do have a few authors that I would like to mention. First I would like to thank Mr. Dean Koontz for all his amazing novels and for all the hours of pure enjoyment they have given to me over the years. I am a total fan of his Odd Thomas and his Frankenstein series. I would also like to thank Mr. Tom Clancy for all his amazing books as well. I must have read them all a 100 times each. I listed my favorite TV series below in the NAV box along with my favorite music. Before I go I would like to thank you all for visiting my profile. Please feel free to add me if you wish and message me because I would thoroughly enjoy a good chat. If you do so add me out of the kindness of your heart please inform me so I may return the favor.
*Rome: Total War
*Medieval II: Total War
*Empire: Total War
*Napoleon: Total War
*Total War: Shogun 2
*Total War: Rome II
*Total War: Attila
*Total War: Three Kingdoms
*Total War Saga: Thrones of Britannia
*Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic
*Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic II
*Star Wars: Galactic Battlegrounds
*Star Wars Jedi: Fallen Order
*Sekiro: Shadows Die Twice
*God of War
*Uncharted 4: A Thief's End
*Red Dead Redemption 2
*The Last of Us
*The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt
*Resident Evil 2
*Resident Evil 3: Nemesis
*Resident Evil CODE: Veronica
*Resident Evil 4
*Resident Evil 5
*Resident Evil 6
*Resident Evil 7: Biohazard
*Silent Hill 2
*Silent Hill 3
*Silent Hill 4: The Room
*Silent Hill: Homecoming
*Halo 3: ODST
* Mass Effect
*Mass Effect 2
*Mass Effect 3
*Mass Effect: Andromeda
*Neverwinter Nights 2
*Pool of Radiance
*Baldur's Gate II: Shadows of Amn
*The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind
*The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion
*he Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim
*J. R. R. Tolkien
*Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
*Dragon Riders of Pern by Anne McCaffrey
*Eragon: The Inheritance Cycle by Christopher Paolini
*The Dark Tower by Stephen King
*The Sword of Truth by Terry Goodkind
*Dragonlance Chronicles by Margaret Weis
*The Knights of Myth Drannor by Ed Greenwood
*Harry Potter by J. K. Rowling
*Percy Jackson by Rick Riordan
*The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
*A Game Of Thrones by George R.R. Martin
*The Warlord Chronicles by Bernard Cornwell
*The Warrior Chronicles by Bernard Cornwell
*Lives of the Mayfair Witches by Anne Rice
*The Vampire Chronicles by Anne Rice
*Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope
*The Empire Strikes Back
*Return of the Jedi
*Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace
*Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones
*Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith
*Rogue One: A Star Wars Story
*Northmen: A Viking Saga
*The 13th Warrior
*Erik the Viking
*Reign of Fire
*The Kingdom of Heaven
*Arn – The Knight Templar
*Monty Python and the Holy Grail
*Conan the Barbarian (1982)
*An American Werewolf in London
*The Thing (1982)
*The Lost Boys
*Bram Stoker's Dracula
*Dracula: Prince of Darkness
*Prince of Darkness
*Village of the Damned
*Big Trouble in Little China
*Escape from New York
*From Dusk til Dawn
*A Knight's Tale
*Percy Jackson & the Olympians
*Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters
*Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone
*Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
*Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
*The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
*The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers
*The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King
*The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey
*The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug
*The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies
*Star Wars: The Clone Wars
*Star Wars Rebels
*The Last Kingdom
*The Walking Dead
*The Pillars of the Earth
*World Without End
*The Bastard Executioner
*Sons of Anarchy
*The White Queen
*Friday the 13th (the series)
*Shewolf of London
*American Horror Story
*Game of Thrones
*Ash vs Evil Dead
*Highlander: The Series
*Buffy the Vampire Slayer
*Xena: Warrior Princess
*Hercules: The Legendary Journeys
Arthurian legend, the body of stories and medieval romances, known as the matter of Britain, centering on the legendary king Arthur. Medieval writers, especially the French, variously treated stories of Arthur’s birth, the adventures of his knights, and the adulterous love between his knight Sir Lancelot and his queen, Guinevere. This last situation and the quest for the Holy Grail (the vessel used by Christ at the Last Supper and given to Joseph of Arimathea) brought about the dissolution of the knightly fellowship, the death of Arthur, and the destruction of his kingdom.
Stories about Arthur and his court had been popular in Wales before the 11th century; European fame came through Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia regum Britanniae (1135–38), celebrating a glorious and triumphant king who defeated a Roman army in eastern France but was mortally wounded in battle during a rebellion at home led by his nephew Mordred. Some features of Geoffrey’s story were marvelous fabrications, and certain features of the Celtic stories were adapted to suit feudal times. The concept of Arthur as a world conqueror was clearly inspired by legends surrounding great leaders such as Alexander the Great and Charlemagne. Later writers, notably Wace of Jersey and Lawamon, filled out certain details, especially in connection with Arthur’s knightly fellowship (the Knights of the Round Table).
Using Celtic sources, Chrétien de Troyes in the late 12th century made Arthur the ruler of a realm of marvels in five romances of adventure. He also introduced the themes of the Grail and the love of Lancelot and Guinevere into Arthurian legend. Prose romances of the 13th century explored these major themes further. An early prose romance centring on Lancelot seems to have become the kernel of a cyclic work known as the Prose Lancelot, or Vulgate cycle (c. 1225).
The Lancelot theme was connected with the Grail story through Lancelot’s son, the pure knight Sir Galahad, who achieved the vision of God through the Grail as fully as is possible in this life, whereas Sir Lancelot was impeded in his progress along the mystic way because of his adultery with Guinevere. Another branch of the Vulgate cycle was based on a very early 13th-century verse romance, the Merlin, by Robert de Boron, that had told of Arthur’s birth and childhood and his winning of the crown by drawing a magic sword (see Excalibur) from a stone. The writer of the Vulgate cycle turned this into prose, adding a pseudo-historical narrative dealing with Arthur’s military exploits. A final branch of the Vulgate cycle contained an account of Arthur’s Roman campaign and war with Mordred, to which was added a story of Lancelot’s renewed adultery with Guinevere and the disastrous war between Lancelot and Sir Gawain that ensued. A later prose romance, known as the post-Vulgate Grail romance (c. 1240), combined Arthurian legend with material from the Tristan romance.
The legend told in the Vulgate cycle and post-Vulgate romance was transmitted to English-speaking readers in Thomas Malory’s late 15th-century prose Le Morte Darthur. At the same time, there was renewed interest in Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia, and the fictitious kings of Britain became more or less incorporated with official national mythology. The legend remained alive during the 17th century, though interest in it was by then confined to England. Of merely antiquarian interest during the 18th century, it again figured in literature during Victorian times, notably in Alfred Tennyson’s Idylls of the King. In the 20th century an American poet, Edwin Arlington Robinson, wrote an Arthurian trilogy, and the American novelist Thomas Berger wrote Arthur Rex (1978). In England T.H. White retold the stories in a series of novels collected as The Once and Future King (1958). His work was the basis for Camelot (1960), a musical by Alan Lerner and Frederick Loewe; a film, also called Camelot (1967), was derived from the musical. Numerous other films have been based on the Arthurian legend, notably John Boorman’s Excalibur (1981) and the satirical Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975).
Chivalry, or the chivalric code, is an informal, varying code of conduct developed between 1170 and 1220, never decided on or summarized in a single document, associated with the medieval Christian institution of knighthood; knights' and gentlewomen's behaviours were governed[when?] by chivalrous social codes [better source needed] The ideals of chivalry were popularized in medieval literature, especially the Matter of Britain and Matter of France, the former based on Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae which introduced the legend of King Arthur, which was written in the 1130s. All of these were taken as historically accurate until the beginnings of modern scholarship.[when?] The code of chivalry that developed in medieval Europe had its roots in earlier centuries. It arose in the Holy Roman Empire from the idealisation of the cavalryman—involving military bravery, individual training, and service to others—especially in Francia, among horse soldiers in Charlemagne's cavalry.The term "chivalry" derives from the Old French term chevalerie, which can be translated to "horse soldiery". Originally, the term referred only horse mounted man, from the french word for horse, "cheval", but later on it became associated with knightly ideals. Over time, its meaning in Europe has been refined to emphasise more general social and moral virtues. The code of chivalry, as it stood by the Late Middle Ages, was a moral system which combined a warrior ethos, knightly piety, and courtly manners, all conspiring to establish a notion of honour and nobility.
The ideas of chivalry originated in three medieval works: the anonymous poem Ordene de Chevalerie, that tells the story of how Hugh II of Tiberias was captured and released upon his agreement to show Saladin (1138-1193) the ritual of Christian knighthood, the Libre del ordre de cavayleria, written by Ramon Lull (1232-1315), whose subject is knighthood, and the Livre de Chevalerie of Geoffroi de Charny (1300-1356), which examines the qualities of knighthood, emphasizing prowess. Based on the three treatises, initially chivalry was defined as a way of life in which three essential aspects fused together: the military, the nobility, the religion. The "code of chivalry" is thus a product of the Late Middle Ages, evolving after the end of the crusades partly from an idealisation of the historical knights fighting in the Holy Land, partly from ideals of courtly love. Léon Gautier, in his La Chevalerie, published for the first time in 1883, bemoaned the "invasion of Breton romans" which replaced the pure military ethos of the crusades with Arthurian fiction and courtly adventures. Gautier tries to give a "popular summary" of what he proposes was the "ancient code of chivalry" of the 11th and 12th centuries derived from the military ethos of the crusades which would evolve into the late medieval notion of chivalry.
Chivalry and Christianity
Christianity and church had a modifying influence on the classical concept of heroism and virtue, nowadays identified with the virtues of chivalry. The Peace and Truce of God in the 10th century was one such example, with limits placed on knights to protect and honour the weaker members of society and also help the church maintain peace. At the same time the church became more tolerant of war in the defense of faith, espousing theories of the just war; and liturgies were introduced which blessed a knight's sword, and a bath of chivalric purification. In the story of the Grail romances and Chevalier au Cygne, it was the confidence of the Christian knighthood that its way of life was to please God, and chivalry was an order of God. Thus, chivalry as a Christian vocation was a result of marriage between Teutonic heroic values with the militant tradition of Old Testament. The first noted support for chivalric vocation, or the establishment of knightly class to ensure the sanctity and legitimacy of Christianity, was written in 930 by Odo, abbot of Cluny, in the Vita of St. Gerald of Aurillac, which argued that the sanctity of Christ and Christian doctrine can be demonstrated through the legitimate unsheathing of the "sword against the enemy".
In the 11th century the concept of a "knight of Christ" (miles Christi) gained currency in France, Spain and Italy. These concepts of "religious chivalry" were further elaborated in the era of the Crusades, with the Crusades themselves often being seen as a chivalrous enterprise. Their ideas of chivalry were also further influenced by Saladin, who was viewed as a chivalrous knight by medieval Christian writers. The military orders of the crusades which developed in this period came to be seen as the earliest flowering of chivalry, although it remains unclear to what extent the notable knights of this period—such as Saladin, Godfrey of Bouillon, William Marshal or Bertrand du Guesclin—actually did set new standards of knightly behaviour, or to what extent they merely behaved according to existing models of conduct which came in retrospect to be interpreted along the lines of the "chivalry" ideal of the Late Middle Ages. Nevertheless, chivalry and crusades were not the same thing. While the crusading ideology had largely influenced the ethic of chivalry during its formative times, chivalry itself was related to a whole range of martial activities and aristocratic values which had no necessary linkage with crusading.
The name Arthur may be a form of Artorius, a Roman generals name, but it also may be of Celtic origin coming from artos viros, meaning 'bear man'. An outline of the hero's life is given by Geoffrey of Monmouth (twelfth century) in his Historia Regum Brittaniae - History of the Kings of Britain. Just how much of this life was Geoffrey's invention and how much was culled from traditional material is uncertain. He tells us that King Arthur was the son of Uther and defeated the barbarians in a dozen battles. Subsequently, he conquered a wide empire and eventually went to war with the Romans. He returned home on learning that his nephew Mordred had raised the standard of rebellion and taken Guinevere, the queen. After landing, his final battle took place. The saga built up over the centuries and Celtic traditions of Arthur reached the Continent via Brittany. Malory's Le Morte D'Arthur would become what many considered the standard 'history' of Arthur. In this, we are told of Arthur's conception when Uther approached Igraine who was made, by Merlin's sorcery, to resemble her husband. The child was given to Ector to be raised in secret. After Uther's death there was no king ruling all England. Merlin had placed a sword in a stone, saying that whoever drew it out would be king.
Arthur did so and Merlin had him crowned. This led to a rebellion be eleven rulers which Arthur put down. He married Guinevere whose father gave him the Round Table as a dowry; it became the place where his knights sat, to avoid quarrels over precedence. A magnificent reign followed, Arthur's court becoming the focus for many heroes. In the war against the Romans, Arthur defeated the Emperor Lucius and became emperor himself. However, his most illustrious knight, Lancelot, became enamoured of Guinevere. The Quest for the Holy Grial began and Lancelot's intrigue with the Queen came to light. Lancelot fled and Guinevere was sentenced to death. Lancelot rescued her and took her to him realm. This led Arthur to crossing the channel and making war on his former knight. While away from Britain, he left Mordred in charge. Mordred rebelled and Arthur returned to quell him. This led to Arthur's last battle on Salisbury Plain, where he slew Mordred, but was himself gravely wounded. Arthur was then carried off in a barge, saying he was heading for the vale of Avalon. Some said he never died, but would one day return. However, his grave was supposedly discovered at Glastonbury in the reign of Henry II (1154-89).
The Round Table
Accounts differ about the origin of the Round Table, at which Arthur's knights met to tell of their deeds and from which they invariably set forth in search of further adventures. The Norman chronicler Wace was the first to mention it, in his Roman de Brut of 1155. There, he simply says that Arthur devised the idea of a round table to prevent quarrels between his barons over the question of precedence. Another writer, Layamon, adapted Wace's account and added to it, describing a quarrel between Arthur's lords which was settled by a Cornish carpenter who, on hearing of the problem, created a portable table which could seat 1600 men. Both Wace and Layamon refer to Breton story-tellers as their source for this and there is little reason to doubt them. This being the case, the origins of the table may well date back to Celtic times, and even be traceable to the age of Arthur himself. In the later medieval stories, however, it is Merlin who is responsible for the creation of the table. Malory, taking up the theme and developing it, made it the centre-piece of his epic re-telling. The large wooden table in the Great Hall at Winchester dates from no earlier than the thirteenth century, when it may have been made at the command of King Edward III, who was considering a revival of the Round Table as an order of chivalry. In the end, he dropped the idea and created the Order of Garter instead, but the table remains. Made of oak, it is 18 feet across and nearly 3 inches thick. It weighs nearly 1.25 tons.
Excalibur was the sword given to Arthur by the Lady of the Lake. Some sources suggest that Arthur gave it to Gawain. After Arthur's last battle he made Bedivere return it to the water where it was grasped by a hand and drawn under. Its scabbard prevented the wearer from losing blood. When Gawain fought the magician Mabon over the fairy Marsique, she obtained the scabbard for him but it subsequently disappeared. The Welsh name for Excalibur was Caladvwlch, equating linguistically with Irish Caladbolg, the name of a sword borne by heroes in Irish legend, derived from calad (hard) and bolg (lightning).
The Holy Grail
The Holy Grail is generally considered to be the cup from which Christ drank at the Last Supper and the one used by Joseph of Arimathea to catch his blood as he hung on the cross. This significance, however, was introduced into the Arthurian legends by Robert de Boron in his verse romance Joseph d'Arimathie, which was probably written in the last decade of the twelfth century or the first couple of years of the thirteenth. In earlier sources and in some later ones, the grail is something very different. The term "grail" comes from the Latin gradale, which meant a dish brought to the table during various stages (Latin "gradus") or courses of a meal. In Chrétien and other early writers, such a plate is intended by the term "grail." Chrétien, for example, speaks of "un graal," a grail or platter and thus not a unique item.
Merlin, enchanter and wise man in Arthurian legend and romance of the Middle Ages, linked with personages in ancient Celtic mythology (especially with Myrddin in Welsh tradition). He appeared in Arthurian legend as an enigmatic figure, fluctuations and inconsistencies in his character being often dictated by the requirements of a particular narrative or by varying attitudes of suspicious regard toward magic and witchcraft. Thus, treatments of Merlin reflect different stages in the development of Arthurian romance itself.
Geoffrey of Monmouth, in Historia regum Britanniae (1135–38), adapted a story, told by the Welsh antiquary Nennius (flourished c. 800), of a boy, Ambrosius, who had given advice to the legendary British king Vortigern. In Geoffrey’s account Merlin-Ambrosius figured as adviser to Uther Pendragon (King Arthur’s father) and afterward to Arthur himself. In a later work, Vita Merlini, Geoffrey further developed the story of Merlin by adapting a northern legend about a wild man of the woods, gifted with powers of divination. Early in the 13th century, Robert de Borron’s verse romance Merlin added a Christian dimension to the character, making him the prophet of the Holy Grail (whose legend had by then been linked with Arthurian legend). The author of the first part of the Vulgate cycle made the demonic side of Merlin’s character predominate, but in later branches of the Vulgate cycle, Merlin again became the prophet of the Holy Grail, while his role as Arthur’s counsellor was filled out; it was Merlin, for example, who advised Uther to establish the knightly fellowship of the Round Table and who suggested that Uther’s true heir would be revealed by a test that involved drawing a sword from a stone in which it was set. It also included a story of the wizard’s infatuation with the Lady of the Lake, which eventually brought about his death.
Lancelot, also spelled Launcelot, also called Lancelot of the Lake, French Lancelot du Lac, one of the greatest knights in Arthurian romance; he was the lover of Arthur’s queen, Guinevere, and was the father of the pure knight Sir Galahad.
Lancelot’s name first appeared as one of Arthur’s knights in Chrétien de Troyes’s 12th-century romance of Erec, and the same author later made him the hero of Lancelot; ou, le chevalier de la charrette, which retold an existing legend about Guinevere’s abduction, making Lancelot her rescuer and lover. It also mentioned Lancelot’s upbringing by a fairy in a lake, a story that received fuller treatment in the German poem Lanzelet. These two themes were developed further in the great 13th-century Vulgate cycle, or “Prose Lancelot.” According to this, after the death of his father, King Ban of Benoic, Lancelot was carried off by the enchantress Vivien, the Lady of the Lake, who in time sent him to Arthur’s court. Her careful education of Lancelot, combined with the inspiring force of his love for Guinevere, produced a knight who was the very model of chivalry.
In later branches of the cycle, in which worldly chivalry was set against chivalry inspired by spiritual love, Lancelot’s son, Sir Galahad, whom he fathered by Elaine, daughter of the Grail keeper King Pelleas, displaced him as the perfect knight. Lancelot’s adulterous love for the queen, moreover, caused him to fail in the quest for the Holy Grail and set in motion the fatal chain of events that brought about the destruction of the knightly fellowship of the Round Table.
In medieval English romance, Lancelot played a leading role in the late 14th-century Le Morte Arthur, which told of a fatal passion for Lancelot conceived by Elaine the Fair of Astolat and which described the tragic end of Lancelot’s love for Guinevere. He also played a central role in Malory’s 15th-century prose work Le Morte Darthur, in which it was essentially the conflict between Lancelot’s love for Guinevere and his loyalty to his lord that led to Arthur’s “dolorous death and departing out of this world.”
|Member Since: ||May 28, 2020
|Last Login: ||Jul 02, 2020|
|Times Viewed: ||2,834|
Rate this profile
I am a Vampire Rave mentor.
If you are new to the site, or you just need guidance, please write me a message!
Have fun and enjoy the Rave!
[ All Comments ]